Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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The 1957 Season as seen through the Prism of Player Won-Lost Records



Next in my continuing series of looking at individual seasons through the prism of Player won-lost records is the 1957 season.

The Best of 1957

I calculate Player won-lost records two ways: pWins, which tie to team wins and eWins, which control for context and the ability of one's teammates. For players with more pWins than eWins, their Player wins contributed to more team wins than one might expect; for players with more eWins than pWins, just the opposite is true: their Player wins translated into fewer team wins than expected. Or more briefly: a player with more pWins than eWins was better in context, a player with more eWins than pWins was worse in context.

The top 10 players in pWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Mickey Mantle25.212.85.5
7.1
1Mickey Mantle25.212.85.5
7.1
2Hank Aaron25.516.63.8
5.5
2Hank Aaron25.516.63.8
5.5
3Eddie Mathews20.514.43.0
4.4
3Eddie Mathews20.514.43.0
4.4
4Jack S. Sanford18.014.02.7
4.0
4Don Blasingame22.017.22.7
4.4
5Don Blasingame22.017.22.7
4.4
5Nellie Fox21.817.22.6
4.2
6Warren Spahn18.414.62.6
4.0
6Jack S. Sanford18.014.02.7
4.0
7Jim Bunning18.314.52.6
4.0
7Jim Bunning18.314.52.6
4.0
8Johnny Podres14.110.02.6
3.6
8Willie Mays24.418.52.2
4.0
9Nellie Fox21.817.22.6
4.2
9Warren Spahn18.414.62.6
4.0
10Billy Pierce18.314.82.5
3.9
10Ernie Banks21.517.52.2
3.9


The top 10 players in eWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

eWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          eWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL           Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Mickey Mantle23.913.14.7
6.2
1Mickey Mantle23.913.14.7
6.2
2Ted Williams21.513.13.2
4.6
2Ted Williams21.513.13.2
4.6
3Ernie Banks21.916.43.0
4.6
3Ernie Banks21.916.43.0
4.6
4Nellie Fox21.617.42.4
4.1
4Hank Aaron23.517.32.4
4.1
5Hank Aaron23.517.32.4
4.1
5Nellie Fox21.617.42.4
4.1
6Eddie Mathews20.615.72.4
3.9
6Willie Mays24.118.32.2
3.9
7Frank Sullivan15.312.02.2
3.3
7Eddie Mathews20.615.72.4
3.9
8Willie Mays24.118.32.2
3.9
8Roy Sievers23.817.42.0
3.7
9Warren Spahn17.414.52.1
3.4
9Al Kaline21.316.41.9
3.5
10Billy Pierce16.614.02.1
3.3
10Warren Spahn17.414.52.1
3.4


Mickey Mantle
Mickey Mantle's 1957 season was one of the greatest seasons for which I have calculated Player won-lost records. In fact, measured by pWins over replacement level, Mantle's 1957 season is the second-best season by a non-pitcher since 1947, behind only Barry Bonds's 2001 season. The top 10 seasons, as measured by pWORL, are presented in the next table, in and out of context.

Player Season pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL      eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Babe Ruth192730.715.36.9
8.8
28.715.55.8
7.6
2Sandy Koufax196525.514.96.3
8.2
22.615.44.6
6.3
3Steve Carlton197225.715.26.2
8.0
23.316.04.6
6.3
4Lefty Grove193123.811.96.4
7.9
18.213.22.9
4.3
5Dwight Gooden198521.411.06.1
7.6
18.311.04.5
5.8
6Barry Bonds200127.915.15.5
7.4
27.715.15.4
7.3
7Ted Williams194628.415.45.6
7.4
28.416.05.3
7.1
8Lou Gehrig192725.612.55.7
7.3
23.613.44.3
5.8
9Joe DiMaggio193728.417.05.3
7.2
25.116.83.8
5.6
10Lefty Grove193022.412.05.7
7.2
18.813.03.3
4.7


Hank Aaron
Hank Aaron won the only MVP award of his illustrious career in 1957. The 1957 season was Aaron's best, as measured by pWins over positional average or replacement level, although he had several better seasons measured by (context-neutral) eWins.

The next table presents Hank Aaron's career. Hank Aaron compiled more regular-season pWins and eWins in his career than any other player for whom I have calculated Player won-lost records.

Hank Aaron
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1954MLN20
122
16.914.60.5360.6
2.0
14.513.90.510-0.21.0
1955MLN21
153
21.418.50.5360.9
2.6
21.717.80.5501.43.1
1956MLN22
153
25.418.50.5792.7
4.5
24.018.70.5621.93.7
1957MLN23
151
25.516.60.6063.8
5.5
23.517.30.5752.44.1
1958MLN24
153
25.217.50.5903.0
4.6
21.817.10.5611.63.1
1959MLN25
154
25.217.50.5902.8
4.5
24.518.10.5752.23.9
1960MLN26
153
24.518.10.5752.5
4.2
24.218.60.5662.23.9
1961MLN27
155
25.718.70.5782.5
4.5
23.719.00.5561.43.4
1962MLN28
156
27.219.70.5802.8
4.6
24.217.20.5842.74.2
1963MLN29
161
26.219.30.5762.1
3.9
27.619.00.5922.94.8
1964MLN30
145
21.318.00.5420.8
2.4
22.317.90.5541.32.9
1965MLN31
150
22.218.10.5511.2
2.8
24.217.70.5782.34.0
1966ATL32
158
25.818.90.5772.4
4.1
25.118.90.5702.13.8
1967ATL33
155
26.219.50.5742.4
4.4
25.819.60.5682.14.1
1968ATL34
160
27.820.10.5802.9
4.8
24.519.10.5621.83.6
1969ATL35
147
24.516.00.6053.1
4.9
24.316.30.5982.94.6
1970ATL36
150
23.116.40.5852.7
4.4
20.415.90.5611.63.2
1971ATL37
139
20.813.60.6042.7
4.1
21.113.20.6153.14.5
1972ATL38
129
16.212.80.5590.7
1.9
16.811.90.5851.42.6
1973ATL39
120
15.213.40.5310.3
1.5
16.912.50.5761.62.9
1974ATL40
112
14.110.70.5701.3
2.2
11.79.80.5440.51.4
1975MIL41
137
9.510.30.480-0.5
0.7
10.110.10.500-0.11.1
1976MIL42
85
6.56.60.498-0.1
0.7
6.35.80.5190.20.9
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
3,298
496.1373.10.57143.4
79.9
479.1365.40.56739.274.7
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
17
2.72.40.533 0.33.42.00.626 0.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
3,315
498.8375.50.571
80.2
482.5367.40.567 75.4


1957 Postseason

In 1957, the postseason ended for the first (and, so far, only) time with a World Series winner from Milwaukee. The hero of the 1957 World Series was Lew Burdette who pitched three complete games, two of them shutouts, one a 1-0 victory and the second in Game 7 on two days' rest.

1957 World Series: Top Player Performances
pWins pLosses pWORL
Lew BurdetteMLN2.61.11.0


Lew Burdette's 1957 performance is the best World Series performance as measured by pWins, pWins over positional average (pWOPA), or pWins over replacement level (pWORL) for any World Series for which I have calculated Player won-lost records (i.e., since 1947).

Best of 1957 by Factor and Position

Next, let's look at the top players in (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over Positional Average in various aspects of the game.
Best by Factor: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, Fielding
There are four basic factors for which players earn Player won-lost records: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, and Fielding. The top players in 1957 in eWOPA by factor were as follows.

Batting
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mickey Mantle17.08.14.2
Ted Williams16.17.44.1

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Baserunning
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Luis Aparicio1.91.10.4

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Pitching
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Frank Sullivan12.89.83.0
Billy Pierce13.811.12.7
Warren Spahn14.311.82.6
Curt Simmons11.58.92.6
Connie Johnson13.010.82.2


Fielding, P
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Don Drysdale0.50.20.3


Fielding, C
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Del Crandall1.20.90.3
Cal Neeman1.51.20.3


Fielding, 1B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Gil Hodges2.21.80.4
Vic Power1.81.40.4


Fielding, 2B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Don Blasingame5.84.90.9
Jim Gilliam4.73.90.9


Fielding, 3B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Bubba Phillips3.42.90.5
George Kell1.81.40.5


George Kell led the major-leagues in net fielding wins at 3B in this, his final major-league season, despite only 80 games played there.

Fielding, SS
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Alvin Dark5.34.60.7


Fielding, LF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Charlie Maxwell6.55.51.0


Fielding, CF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Jim Piersall6.95.91.0


Fielding, RF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Al Kaline5.54.01.5


Best by Position
Next, we look at 1957 Major-League leaders in eWOPA by position. The figures shown here only include Player decisions earned while playing this particular position, and include no contextual adjustments (expected or actual).



Catcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Yogi Berra12.411.10.8
Ed Bailey11.09.70.8


First Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Stan Musial17.112.61.6


Second Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Nellie Fox21.617.62.3


Third Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Eddie Mathews20.615.92.2


Shortstop
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Ernie Banks14.411.02.0


Left Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Ted Williams20.613.42.5


Center Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mickey Mantle23.513.54.3


Right Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Al Kaline18.114.01.6


The best players of 1957 by position are all Hall-of-Famers except for catcher and pitcher.

Starting Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Billy Pierce14.011.11.7
Frank Sullivan13.010.11.6
Warren Spahn14.512.01.5


Relief Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Art Ditmar4.32.80.6


For relief pitchers, context-neutral records may not be the best measure of how good they are, as context can matter a great deal, depending on how a pitcher is used. Here are the top relief pitchers of 1957 in context, in terms of pWins and pWOPA.

Top Relief Pitchers of 1957, based on pWORL
Player pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL
Turk Farrell5.32.80.6541.11.7
Bob Grim7.25.40.5740.71.6
Art Ditmar7.36.10.5450.71.4
Cal McLish7.36.40.5330.51.3
Clem Labine7.76.80.5290.21.2


Finally, here are the best at three oft-forgotten positions that can nevertheless matter: pitcher offense, pinch hitting, and pinch running.

Pitcher Offense
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Jack Harshman1.21.00.4
Jim Bunning1.82.20.4
Cal McLish1.11.00.4
Don Newcombe1.51.60.4


Pinch Hitter
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Joe Cunningham1.30.60.4


Pinch Runner
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Dick Schofield Sr.0.30.10.1
Al Pilarcik0.20.00.1


Noteworthy Players of 1957

Finally, let's take a look at some players who had noteworthy 1957 seasons.

Notable Debuts
There are no Hall-of-Famers who made their major-league debut in 1957. Three players who debuted in 1957 earned more than 30 pWORL for their careers. These three players all have some connection to Hall-of-Famers.

Roger Maris broke perhaps the most famous record held by the most famous Hall-of-Famer when he hit 61 home runs in 1961.

Milt Pappas was traded for an "old 30" year-old Frank Robinson on December 9, 1965. Robinson won a Triple Crown and led the Baltimore Orioles to the 1966 World Series.

Claude Osteen was the only member of the 4-man pitching rotation for the Orioles' opponents in that World Series who is not in the Hall of Fame.

The career Player won-lost records for Maris, Pappas, and Osteen are shown below.

Roger Maris Milt Pappas Claude Osteen
Season pWins pLoss pWOPA pWORL pWins pLoss pWOPA pWORL pWins pLoss pWOPA pWORL
195713.513.1-0.2
0.9
0.00.00.0
0.0
0.10.1-0.00.0
195818.718.7-0.7
0.7
8.89.00.2
0.9
195916.015.1-0.2
1.0
14.511.71.9
3.0
0.30.8-0.3-0.2
196022.713.93.8
5.3
13.913.01.0
2.2
1.12.5-0.7-0.5
196127.215.54.5
6.5
12.412.10.7
1.7
1.11.2-0.00.1
196220.417.00.9
2.3
12.514.3-0.4
0.9
11.111.30.41.4
196312.68.91.3
2.1
14.012.51.4
2.6
12.315.2-0.90.4
196419.013.32.1
3.4
14.812.31.9
3.2
17.015.41.63.3
19655.75.00.1
0.5
14.613.31.3
2.6
17.117.30.72.3
196611.412.3-1.0
0.0
13.412.90.7
1.9
16.413.81.93.2
196715.112.01.0
2.2
13.213.60.3
1.4
18.418.11.02.5
196813.410.01.3
2.3
10.911.9-0.0
0.9
14.817.5-0.70.6
1969
 
8.79.6-0.1
0.8
21.117.13.04.7
1970
 
12.210.81.2
2.2
15.216.8-0.01.2
1971
 
17.317.50.7
2.2
16.115.41.12.5
1972
 
13.410.62.0
3.0
19.214.43.34.7
1973
 
9.611.3-0.5
0.4
14.514.30.71.9
1974
 
 
9.310.1-0.10.8
1975
 
 
10.812.6-0.80.3
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS195.7154.812.8
27.3
204.3196.512.0
29.9
215.8214.010.229.2


Last Hurrahs
Finally, 1957 was the final season for two Hall-of-Famers: Roy Campanella and George Kell. I have calculated Player won-lost records for Campanella's entire (major-league) career. I am missing play-by-play data for the first three full seasons of Kell's career, though, as well as several games from 1947 - 1950. Overall, I have play-by-play data for 1,795 of the 1,795 games (100.0%) played by George Kell in his career.

The Player won-lost records for Roy Campanella and George Kell, for the games for which I have play-by-play data and have calculated Player won-lost records, are presented in the next table.

Roy Campanella George Kell
Season Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL
1947
 
15220.317.20.5411.32.8
1948836.85.50.5550.9
1.4
9211.910.70.5270.31.2
194913011.29.80.5340.8
1.7
13417.414.40.5471.32.6
195012612.610.00.5571.3
2.3
15720.616.90.5491.22.7
195114316.311.40.5892.6
3.7
14718.617.30.5190.11.6
195212816.210.40.6103.0
4.1
11413.913.10.5150.21.3
195314419.910.40.6565.0
6.3
13417.014.40.5410.82.1
19541118.68.70.4970.0
0.7
9710.110.30.496-0.50.4
195512314.410.10.5872.4
3.4
12815.612.10.5621.32.5
195612412.410.40.5441.0
2.0
12311.413.00.466-1.00.0
19571038.68.20.5140.4
1.1
999.59.30.503-0.00.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS1,215127.094.80.57317.5
26.7
1,377166.4148.90.5285.018.0




All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

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