Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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The 1960 Season as seen through the Prism of Player Won-Lost Records


The next season in my continuing series on looking at individual seasons through the prism of Player won-lost records is 1960. The 1960 season was the last major-league season before expansion and the last season when both leagues played 154-game seasons.

The Best of 1960

The top 10 players in pWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Mickey Mantle23.513.54.2
5.7
1Mickey Mantle23.513.54.2
5.7
2Roger Maris22.713.93.8
5.3
2Roger Maris22.713.93.8
5.3
3Eddie Mathews22.614.63.6
5.0
3Eddie Mathews22.614.63.6
5.0
4Vern Law18.913.83.3
4.7
4Vern Law18.913.83.3
4.7
5Ron Hansen20.215.02.9
4.3
5Ron Hansen20.215.02.9
4.3
6Warren Spahn19.215.42.7
4.2
6Hank Aaron24.518.12.5
4.2
7Woodie Held15.510.92.6
3.6
7Warren Spahn19.215.42.7
4.2
8Don Drysdale19.015.32.6
4.0
8Don Drysdale19.015.32.6
4.0
9Ernie Broglio16.011.72.6
3.9
9Larry Jackson19.316.02.4
3.9
10Hank Aaron24.518.12.5
4.2
10Willie Mays25.419.52.1
3.9


The top 10 players in eWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

eWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          eWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL           Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Roger Maris21.314.23.0
4.4
1Ernie Banks22.917.92.9
4.5
2Ernie Banks22.917.92.9
4.5
2Roger Maris21.314.23.0
4.4
3Mickey Mantle21.815.22.6
4.0
3Mickey Mantle21.815.22.6
4.0
4Mike McCormick16.613.02.4
3.7
4Hank Aaron24.218.62.2
3.9
5Vern Law18.014.92.3
3.7
5Eddie Mathews21.516.12.3
3.8
6Eddie Mathews21.516.12.3
3.8
6Vern Law18.014.92.3
3.7
7Hank Aaron24.218.62.2
3.9
7Mike McCormick16.613.02.4
3.7
8Lew Burdette17.314.42.2
3.5
8Lew Burdette17.314.42.2
3.5
9Frank Robinson19.914.02.1
3.4
9Ken Boyer20.315.42.1
3.5
10Ken Boyer20.315.42.1
3.5
10Frank Robinson19.914.02.1
3.4


I calculate Player won-lost records two ways: pWins, which tie to team wins and eWins, which control for context and the ability of one's teammates. For players with more pWins than eWins, their Player wins contributed to more team wins than one might expect; for players with more eWins than pWins, just the opposite is true: their Player wins translated into fewer team wins than expected. Or more briefly: a player with more pWins than eWins was better in context, a player with more eWins than pWins was worse in context.

Two sets of players in the previous tables seem to warrant further comment.

The M&M Boys: Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris
The voting for the 1960 AL MVP Award was one of the closest ever, with Roger Maris edging out teammate Mickey Mantle 225-222, despite Mantle winning more 1st place votes (10-8, with 3 other players splitting 6 additional first-place votes).

Maris and Mantle hold the top two spots among American League players in all four of the above tables.

Both Maris and Mantle look better in pWins (over positional average and replacement level) than eWins. This is mostly because they had very good teammates (including each other) so that more of Mantle's and Maris's positive contributions contributed to Yankee wins and Maris and Mantle's negative contributions were often overcome by strong performances by their teammates and the Yankees were able to win anyway, minimizing the cost of Maris's and Mantle's "losses".

Although both Maris and Mantle benefitted from putting their performance in context, Mantle benefitted much more so. This is because, while Maris's performance did not necessarily improve in more "clutch" situations (e.g., his OPS was 1.247 in high-leverage vs. 1.010 in low-leverage situations, 0.918 in late and close situations, 0.473 in extra innings), Mantle's performance generally improved as the situation became more "clutch": OPS of 1.171 in high-leverage vs. 0.852 in low-leverage, 1.201 in late and close situations, 1.462 in extra innings.

The effect of Mickey Mantle's "clutch" performance vis-a-vis Roger Maris's "clutch" performance wasn't huge, but it was just enough to flip their positions, with Maris showing up as the most valuable player in the American League when context is neutralized but Mantle just passing him as the most valuable player in the American League (and major leagues) when his performance is put into context.

NL Infielders: Eddie Mathews and Ernie Banks
Looking at context-neutral statistics, the most valuable player in the National League was Ernie Banks, who (deservedly) won the two previous NL MVP awards. Putting his performance into the context of team wins (of which the 1960 Chicago Cubs managed only 60), however, Banks falls out of the major-league top 10 entirely with the top spot for a National League player held instead of fellow Hall-of-Fame infielder Eddie Mathews.

The 1960 season is something of a microcosm of Banks's and Mathews's career in this regard. Mathews spent the first half of his career playing for very good Braves teams with very good teammates, such as Hank Aaron and Warren Spahn. As result his career was worth about 5 more wins (over positional average and replacement level) as measured by pWins than as measured by eWins. The exact opposite is true for Ernie Banks, who toiled on terrible Cubs teams for the better part of his career, and consequently was worth about 5 fewer wins (over positional average and replacement level) as measured by pWins than as measured by eWins. The relative values of Banks and Mathews in 1960 and in their careers are shown in the next table.

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Ernie Banks, 1960
156
22.019.90.5251.5
3.2
22.917.90.5602.94.5
Eddie Mathews, 1960
153
22.614.60.6073.6
5.0
21.516.10.5722.33.8


Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Ernie Banks, career
2,525
304.4270.80.52912.9
36.6
302.2255.90.54219.542.5
Eddie Mathews, career
2,389
319.4238.70.57234.6
57.5
309.8239.80.56429.351.9


The 1960 Postseason

The 1960 World Series, between the New York Yankees and the Pittsburgh Pirates, was one of the most remarkable World Series ever.

The Yankees set records for most runs scored in a World Series, 55, and for largest run differential for a series, 28 runs (55-27). The Yankees won games 2, 3, and 6 of the 1960 World Series by scores of 16-3, 10-0, and 12-0, respectively. As a team, the Yankees batted .338/.383/.528 for the series with Pirates pitchers amassing a combined ERA of 7.11.

But Bill Mazeroski led off the bottom of the ninth inning of Game 7 with a home run to left field to win the World Series for the Pittsburgh Pirates.

If you look at player performance in the 1960 World Series independent of context, the best players in the 1960 World Series were, not surprisingly, mostly New York Yankees:

1960 World Series: eWins
eWins eLosses eWORL
Mickey MantleNYA1.30.60.4
Whitey FordNYA1.00.50.4
Bobby RichardsonNYA1.10.80.3
Elston HowardNYA0.50.20.2
Bill StaffordNYA0.40.20.2


If, however, you put players' performances into context and tie them to team results, suddenly the list of the best players in the 1960 World Series includes a fair number of Pittsburgh Pirates:

1960 World Series: pWins
pWins pLosses pWORL
Roy FacePIT1.00.40.4
Vern LawPIT1.30.80.4
Whitey FordNYA1.00.40.4
Mickey MantleNYA1.10.60.3
Hal W. SmithPIT0.60.10.3
Bill MazeroskiPIT1.00.70.3
Roberto ClementePIT1.10.70.3
Bill VirdonPIT1.10.70.2
Elston HowardNYA0.60.20.2
Bobby RichardsonNYA1.21.00.2
Bob TurleyNYA0.70.50.2
Don HoakPIT0.90.70.2
Harvey HaddixPIT0.60.40.2
Smoky BurgessPIT0.50.30.2


Best of 1960 by Factor and Position

Next, let's look at the top players in (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over Positional Average in various aspects of the game.
Best by Factor: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, Fielding
There are four basic factors for which players earn Player won-lost records: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, and Fielding. The top players in 1960 in eWOPA by factor were as follows.

Batting
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Eddie Mathews16.510.62.7

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Baserunning
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Luis Aparicio2.41.50.4

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Pitching
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Bob Friend14.711.53.2
Mike McCormick13.810.83.0
Jim Bunning13.911.42.5
Lew Burdette14.211.72.5


Next, we look at the major-league leaders in net fielding wins in 1960 by fielding position.

Fielding, P
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Chuck Estrada0.40.20.3


Fielding, C
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Cal Neeman0.80.60.2
El Tappe0.60.40.2
Ed Bailey1.31.10.2
Hank Foiles0.50.30.2
Smoky Burgess0.80.60.2
Hal R. Smith1.31.10.2
Del Crandall1.71.50.2
Lou Berberet0.80.60.2
Pete Daley0.70.50.2


Fielding, 1B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Vic Power2.61.90.7


Fielding, 2B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Marv Breeding4.84.30.5


Fielding, 3B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Brooks Robinson4.83.51.3


Fielding, SS
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Luis Aparicio6.85.61.1


Fielding, LF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Wally Moon4.93.81.2


Fielding, CF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Curt Flood5.14.20.9


Fielding, RF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Roger Maris5.24.01.2


Best by Position
Next, we look at 1960 Major-League leaders in eWOPA by position. The figures shown here only include Player decisions earned while playing this particular position, and include no contextual adjustments (expected or actual).

Catcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Del Crandall14.913.41.2


First Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Roy Sievers14.510.21.4


Second Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Nellie Fox18.518.30.7


Third Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Eddie Mathews21.516.32.1


Shortstop
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Ernie Banks22.718.32.6


Left Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Ted Williams14.010.11.4


Center Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mickey Mantle21.815.42.4


Right Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Roger Maris20.013.92.5


Starting Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Bob Friend15.012.01.7
Jim Bunning14.111.41.6
Mike McCormick13.411.01.4
Vern Law14.912.61.4


Relief Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Lindy McDaniel5.83.50.9


For relief pitchers, context-neutral records may not be the best measure of how good they are, as context can matter a great deal, depending on how a pitcher is used. Here are the top relief pitchers of 1960 in context, in terms of pWins and pWOPA.

Top Relief Pitchers of 1960, based on pWORL
Player pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL
Lindy McDaniel9.95.00.6632.33.2
Turk Farrell6.24.10.5970.91.5
Hoyt Wilhelm9.89.10.5210.51.5
Mike Fornieles7.25.70.5590.61.4
Johnny Klippstein5.23.60.5940.71.3


Finally, here are the best at three oft-forgotten positions that can nevertheless matter: pitcher offense, pinch hitting, and pinch running.

Pitcher Offense
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Early Wynn1.71.90.4
Don Cardwell1.51.70.4


Pinch Hitter
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Earl Torgeson1.50.90.4


Pinch Runner
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Al Spangler0.40.10.1
Johnny Antonelli0.10.00.1


Notable Debuts

Two Hall-of-Famers made their major-league debut in 1960: Ron Santo and Juan Marichal.

Here's how their careers compare in Player won-lost records.

Ron Santo Juan Marichal
Season Games pWins pLosses Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL Games pWins pLosses Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL
1960
9510.210.20.500-0.2
0.6
115.23.50.6001.11.5
1961
15417.318.50.483-0.8
0.8
3012.911.70.5241.02.1
1962
16216.721.50.438-2.5
-1.0
3818.215.80.5342.03.5
1963
16222.820.30.5291.1
2.7
4223.016.30.5844.36.0
1964
16123.018.50.5531.8
3.5
3318.712.90.5933.75.3
1965
16423.318.70.5541.7
3.4
3922.415.50.5914.46.1
1966
15521.318.10.5411.2
2.7
3723.114.40.6175.26.8
1967
16123.217.20.5742.6
4.3
2612.812.70.5030.61.7
1968
16223.718.30.5642.5
4.2
3820.316.60.5512.84.3
1969
16023.218.40.5582.2
4.0
3821.614.90.5924.25.9
1970
15420.316.80.5471.1
2.8
3413.213.30.4980.51.6
1971
15420.017.30.5360.8
2.3
3717.014.10.5472.33.6
1972
13316.714.20.5401.1
2.3
259.912.70.438-1.00.0
1973
14919.618.20.5180.1
1.7
3413.613.20.5080.81.9
1974
1179.710.40.481-0.3
0.6
113.52.40.5880.50.8
1975
 
20.20.90.211-0.3-0.3
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS
(Regular Season)
2,243291.0256.70.53112.3
35.0
475235.7190.90.55332.351.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
Postseason00.00.00.0000.0
0.0
20.60.80.421-0.1-0.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS2,243291.0256.70.53112.3
35.0
477236.3191.70.55232.251.0


Retirement of a Legend

Finally, 1960 was the final season in the legendary career of Ted Williams. Even at the age of 41, Williams was the best left fielder in the American League (as measured by eWins over positional average). And famously, he homered in the final at-bat of his career. That moment was memorialized by John Updike in a New Yorker essay, Hub Fans Bid Kid Adieu.

Ted Williams' career began in 1939. I have only calculated Player won-lost records for complete seasons since 1944. Before that time, I am missing 278 games from the first few years of Ted Williams's career. But here is what I do have for the portion of Ted Williams's career for which Retrosheet has play-by-play data and I have calculated Player won-lost records.

Ted Williams
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1939BOS20
88
14.910.70.5811.6
2.7
13.510.30.5681.22.2
1940BOS21
81
12.59.10.5781.2
2.2
13.79.70.5841.52.5
1941BOS22
75
13.18.80.5991.7
2.8
14.28.20.6352.63.7
1942BOS23
64
13.06.50.6682.8
3.7
11.47.20.6131.62.5
1946BOS27
150
28.415.40.6495.6
7.4
28.416.00.6405.37.1
1947BOS28
156
26.918.00.5993.3
5.2
27.717.20.6174.15.9
1948BOS29
137
25.615.10.6284.3
6.0
24.716.30.6043.35.0
1949BOS30
155
27.017.30.6093.6
5.4
27.917.90.6103.75.6
1950BOS31
89
14.111.10.5601.1
2.1
15.310.60.5911.92.9
1951BOS32
148
24.319.00.5611.6
3.4
24.918.60.5732.13.9
1952BOS33
6
0.90.20.7890.3
0.4
0.70.20.7430.20.2
1953BOS34
37
5.92.80.6751.4
1.8
5.02.70.6441.01.3
1954BOS35
117
18.912.90.5952.5
3.8
20.112.50.6173.24.6
1955BOS36
98
16.410.40.6112.6
3.7
16.110.20.6112.63.7
1956BOS37
136
17.812.60.5851.9
3.2
18.112.50.5922.13.4
1957BOS38
132
20.914.20.5962.3
3.8
21.513.10.6223.24.6
1958BOS39
129
18.014.90.5480.7
1.9
18.714.50.5631.22.5
1959BOS40
103
10.39.40.5220.2
1.0
9.79.40.510-0.10.7
1960BOS41
112
14.111.40.5520.7
1.8
14.410.50.5771.32.4
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,013
323.1220.00.59539.3
62.1
326.0217.40.60042.064.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
7
0.70.80.468 -0.00.90.90.499 0.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
2,020
323.9220.80.595
62.0
326.9218.30.600 64.8


All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

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