Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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The 1964 Season as seen through the Prism of Player Won-Lost Records



Next in my continuing series of looking at individual seasons through the prism of Player won-lost records is the 1964 season.

The 1964 season saw terrific pennant races in both leagues. In the American League, the final result was very familiar: the New York Yankees won their 14th pennant in 16 seasons, but they had to work for it, beating out the Chicago White Sox by one game and the Baltimore Orioles by two games.

In the National League, the St. Louis Cardinals took advantage of an historic collapse by the Philadelphia Phillies (who blew a 6.5-game lead with 12 games to play), to beat out the Phillies and Cincinnati Reds by one game each. The San Francisco Giants and Milwaukee Braves finished only 3 and 5 games back, respectively.

The Best of 1964

I calculate Player won-lost records two ways: pWins, which tie to team wins and eWins, which control for context and the ability of one's teammates. For players with more pWins than eWins, their Player wins contributed to more team wins than one might expect; for players with more eWins than pWins, just the opposite is true: their Player wins translated into fewer team wins than expected. Or more briefly: a player with more pWins than eWins was better in context, a player with more eWins than pWins was worse in context.

The top 10 players in pWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Dean Chance20.512.04.9
6.6
1Dean Chance20.512.04.9
6.6
2Willie Mays26.116.44.3
6.1
2Willie Mays26.116.44.3
6.1
3Larry Jackson21.215.23.9
5.8
3Larry Jackson21.215.23.9
5.8
4Whitey Ford18.011.73.8
5.4
4Whitey Ford18.011.73.8
5.4
5Juan Marichal18.712.93.7
5.3
5Juan Marichal18.712.93.7
5.3
6Mickey Mantle21.313.83.2
4.6
6Frank Robinson26.417.93.2
5.0
7Frank Robinson26.417.93.2
5.0
7Dick Allen24.317.43.0
4.7
8Juan Pizarro16.812.03.1
4.5
8Mickey Mantle21.313.83.2
4.6
9Dick Allen24.317.43.0
4.7
9Jim Bunning18.313.92.9
4.6
10Jim O'Toole15.610.93.0
4.3
10Bob Gibson20.316.52.7
4.6


The top 10 players in eWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

eWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          eWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL           Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Willie Mays25.316.54.0
5.7
1Willie Mays25.316.54.0
5.7
2Dean Chance17.612.03.4
5.0
2Don Drysdale22.017.53.3
5.2
3Don Drysdale22.017.53.3
5.2
3Dean Chance17.612.03.4
5.0
4Ron Santo23.716.53.2
4.9
4Ron Santo23.716.53.2
4.9
5Larry Jackson19.615.62.9
4.7
5Larry Jackson19.615.62.9
4.7
6Whitey Ford16.111.92.7
4.1
6Whitey Ford16.111.92.7
4.1
7Bob Allison19.212.72.7
4.0
7Juan Marichal18.114.72.5
4.1
8Joe Horlen13.79.62.6
3.8
8Bob Veale18.415.42.2
4.0
9Juan Marichal18.114.72.5
4.1
9Bob Allison19.212.72.7
4.0
10Denis Menke20.616.12.3
3.8
10Frank Robinson24.117.72.2
3.9


Willie Mays
The best position player in major-league baseball in 1964, as measured by Player won-lost records, was one of the greatest players in major-league history, Willie Mays. His 1964 season was arguably his best, but only really "arguably" so, which perhaps suggests just how consistently great he was.

Willie Mays's career, as measured by Player won-lost records, is presented in the next table.

Willie Mays
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1951NY120
121
15.213.40.5320.6
1.8
16.214.50.5270.51.7
1952NY121
34
5.43.30.6251.0
1.3
4.93.60.5760.60.9
1954NY123
151
23.917.00.5842.5
4.3
23.816.70.5872.64.3
1955NY124
152
27.117.70.6053.9
5.7
25.917.70.5943.35.1
1956NY125
152
23.218.30.5591.7
3.4
22.917.30.5702.13.8
1957NY126
152
24.418.50.5692.2
4.0
24.118.30.5692.23.9
1958SFN27
152
26.118.30.5883.1
4.9
25.318.60.5762.64.3
1959SFN28
151
24.916.30.6053.7
5.4
22.616.90.5712.23.8
1960SFN29
153
25.419.50.5662.1
3.9
23.118.60.5541.53.1
1961SFN30
154
25.917.60.5953.4
5.4
23.417.10.5782.54.3
1962SFN31
162
29.618.30.6185.0
6.8
24.818.70.5712.54.2
1963SFN32
157
24.719.30.5612.1
3.8
25.219.60.5632.23.9
1964SFN33
157
26.116.40.6134.3
6.1
25.316.50.6064.05.7
1965SFN34
157
26.217.80.5943.4
5.2
24.416.70.5943.24.9
1966SFN35
152
25.816.40.6124.0
5.6
22.317.10.5661.93.4
1967SFN36
141
17.714.70.5471.0
2.5
17.414.10.5521.22.6
1968SFN37
148
23.817.20.5802.6
4.3
21.315.90.5732.13.6
1969SFN38
117
14.712.80.5360.6
1.8
14.112.20.5340.51.7
1970SFN39
139
16.914.50.5380.7
2.1
19.114.00.5772.03.5
1971SFN40
136
18.111.90.6032.5
3.8
17.212.20.5841.93.1
41
88
9.77.90.5510.6
1.3
9.17.70.5420.41.1
1973NYN42
66
6.26.50.487-0.4
0.1
5.75.90.492-0.30.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,992
461.0333.60.58050.7
83.5
437.9329.60.57141.673.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
25
3.33.00.518 0.33.03.00.500 0.1
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
3,017
464.3336.60.580
83.7
440.8332.60.571 73.4


Dean Chance
The best pitcher in major-league baseball in 1964 was not one of the greatest players in major-league history. But Dean Chance did have one of the best seasons of the past 50 years. The next table shows the top 25 seasons since 1961 in pWins over both positional average and replacement level.

pWins over Positional Average
(Top Seasons since 1961)
          pWins over Replacement Level
(Top Seasons since 1961)
Player Season pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player Season pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Sandy Koufax196525.514.96.3
8.2
1Sandy Koufax196525.514.96.3
8.2
2Steve Carlton197225.715.26.2
8.0
2Steve Carlton197225.715.26.2
8.0
3Dwight Gooden198521.411.06.1
7.6
3Dwight Gooden198521.411.06.1
7.6
4Sandy Koufax196322.913.55.5
7.2
4Barry Bonds200127.915.15.5
7.4
5Barry Bonds200127.915.15.5
7.4
5Sandy Koufax196322.913.55.5
7.2
6Greg Maddux199516.67.75.2
6.4
6Joe L. Morgan197224.915.35.2
6.8
7Juan Marichal196623.114.45.2
6.8
7Juan Marichal196623.114.45.2
6.8
8Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson200219.410.65.2
6.7
8Willie Mays196229.618.35.0
6.8
9Joe L. Morgan197224.915.35.2
6.8
9Joe L. Morgan197326.116.45.0
6.8
10Bob Gibson197022.113.95.1
6.5
10Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson200219.410.65.2
6.7
11Joe L. Morgan197623.013.45.1
6.5
11Barry Bonds200224.813.25.0
6.6
12Barry Bonds200224.813.25.0
6.6
12Dean Chance196420.512.04.9
6.6
13Barry Bonds200423.211.75.0
6.4
13Derek Jeter199926.117.74.9
6.6
14Pedro J. Martinez199916.26.65.0
6.2
14Barry Bonds199326.915.74.9
6.6
15Willie Mays196229.618.35.0
6.8
15Bob Gibson197022.113.95.1
6.5
16Joe L. Morgan197326.116.45.0
6.8
16Joe L. Morgan197623.013.45.1
6.5
17Derek Jeter199926.117.74.9
6.6
17Mickey Mantle196126.015.44.6
6.5
18Alex Rodriguez200023.114.54.9
6.4
18Roger Maris196127.215.54.5
6.5
19Barry Bonds199326.915.74.9
6.6
19Alex Rodriguez200023.114.54.9
6.4
20Dean Chance196420.512.04.9
6.6
20Greg Maddux199516.67.75.2
6.4
21Pedro J. Martinez200016.57.24.8
6.1
21Barry Bonds200423.211.75.0
6.4
22Joe L. Morgan197523.814.44.8
6.3
22Denny McLain196923.215.84.6
6.4
23Bob Gibson196822.314.54.8
6.2
23Roger Clemens199718.39.54.7
6.3
24Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson199516.47.54.8
6.1
24Joe L. Morgan197523.814.44.8
6.3
25Roger Clemens199718.39.54.7
6.3
25Fergie Jenkins197124.317.74.5
6.3


Unfortunately, Dean Chance was unable to sustain the brilliance of his 1964 season. Dean Chance's career, as measured by Player won-lost records, is shown in the next table.

Dean Chance
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1961LAA20
5
1.11.50.426-0.2
-0.0
1.11.20.468-0.00.1
1962LAA21
50
14.313.40.5160.8
2.2
12.511.40.5250.92.1
1963LAA22
45
16.017.20.4820.1
1.6
15.914.80.5191.22.7
1964LAA23
46
20.512.00.6304.9
6.6
17.612.00.5963.45.0
1965CAL24
36
15.913.50.5391.8
3.2
14.614.10.5090.92.2
1966CAL25
41
16.317.80.477-0.4
1.2
15.916.60.4890.01.6
1967MIN26
41
18.517.20.5191.3
2.9
18.217.50.5091.02.5
1968MIN27
43
16.817.40.4920.4
1.8
18.116.20.5271.63.0
1969MIN28
20
4.74.80.4930.1
0.6
5.25.40.4900.10.6
29
48
10.210.70.487-0.1
1.0
9.011.00.449-0.80.1
1971DET30
31
5.06.10.449-0.5
0.1
4.96.20.440-0.6-0.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
406
139.2131.70.5148.3
21.0
133.0126.40.5137.719.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
1
0.00.00.241 -0.00.10.30.287 -0.1
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
407
139.2131.70.514
21.0
133.1126.70.513 19.8


Year of the Third Baseman
In 1964, both MVPs and one of the two Rookie-of-the-Year awards were won by third basemen: AL MVP Brooks Robinson, NL MVP Ken Boyer, and NL Rookie of the Year Dick Allen.

Yet, below, the best third baseman in the major leages in 1964, as measured by (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over positional average, is none of these three players. Neutralizing context, the best third baseman in the major leagues in 1964 was Chicago Cubs third baseman Ron Santo.

The next table compares the 1964 season for these four men.

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Brooks Robinson
163
24.017.50.5782.8
4.5
21.917.70.5521.73.3
Ken Boyer
162
24.718.80.5682.6
4.3
23.018.30.5572.03.6
Dick Allen
162
24.317.40.5823.0
4.7
23.117.90.5632.23.9
Ron Santo
161
23.018.50.5531.8
3.5
23.716.50.5903.24.9


All four of these players have been elected to the Hall of Merit. The career records of the four players, as measured by Player won-lost records, are compared in the next table.

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Brooks Robinson
2895
346.7308.20.52914.0
40.8
321.2301.90.5154.730.1
Ken Boyer
2034
253.1224.10.53010.1
29.7
248.2214.90.53612.431.4
Dick Allen
1748
235.5179.80.56719.3
36.3
228.1176.80.56317.333.9
Ron Santo
2243
291.0256.70.53112.3
35.0
291.2242.70.54519.641.7


1964 Postseason

The 1964 World Series pitted the New York Yankees, making their 14th appearance in 16 seasons, against the St. Louis Cardinals, the fifth different NL pennant winner in as many years (and sixth in seven years), making their first World Series appearance in 18 years. In retrospect, it was a passing of the guard. The 1964 World Series was the Yankees' last World Series appearance in 12 years, while the Cardinals' appearance was their first of 3 World Series appearances in 5 seasons.

The Cardinals won the series 4-3, behind World Series MVP Bob Gibson's 3.00 ERA over 27 innings across 3 starts (including 2 CG) with 31 Ks in 27 IP.

The next table presents the top performers in the 1964 World Series as measured by Player won-lost records. Interestingly, the top two performers, even putting their records in context, as measured by pWins over replacement level, played for the losing side. Jim Bouton won both of his starts with a 1.56 ERA in 17.1 IP, while Mickey Mantle batted .333/.467/.792 (OPS of 1.258) with 3 home runs, 8 runs scored, and 8 RBI (including a game-winning home run leading off the bottom of the ninth inning of Game 3, in which Bouton picked up a complete-game 2-1 victory).

1964 World Series: Top Player Performances
pWins pLosses pWORL
Jim BoutonNYA1.40.70.5
Bob GibsonSLN1.91.60.4
Mickey MantleNYA1.60.90.4
Tim McCarverSLN1.00.40.4
Ken BoyerSLN1.30.70.3
Tom TreshNYA1.10.70.3
Ron TaylorSLN0.50.10.3


Best of 1964 by Factor and Position

Next, let's look at the top players in (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over Positional Average in various aspects of the game.
Best by Factor: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, Fielding
There are four basic factors for which players earn Player won-lost records: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, and Fielding. The top players in 1964 in eWOPA by factor were as follows.

Batting
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Willie Mays17.410.53.2

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Baserunning
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Luis Aparicio2.41.60.4

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Pitching
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Dean Chance15.59.65.8


Fielding, P
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Don Drysdale0.80.50.3
Larry Jackson0.60.30.3


Fielding, C
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Buck Rodgers1.71.30.4
Elston Howard1.71.30.4


Fielding, 1B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Deron Johnson1.81.40.4


Fielding, 2B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Bobby Knoop6.24.91.3


Fielding, 3B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Eddie Mathews4.03.40.6
Pete Ward4.13.50.6


Fielding, SS
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Ron Hansen6.35.01.4


Fielding, LF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Chuck Hinton6.04.61.4


Fielding, CF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Willie Davis6.54.42.1


Fielding, RF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Johnny Callison8.26.91.2


Best by Position
Next, we look at 1964 Major-League leaders in eWOPA by position. The figures shown here only include Player decisions earned while playing this particular position, and include no contextual adjustments (expected or actual).



Catcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Bill Freehan14.612.11.4


First Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Bob Allison11.87.61.7


Second Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Don Buford10.89.41.1
Felix Mantilla6.85.11.1


Third Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Ron Santo23.417.02.9


Shortstop
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Denis Menke18.414.71.9


Left Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Boog Powell19.013.22.2


Center Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Willie Mays24.716.73.5


Right Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Tony Oliva22.517.91.2
Hank Aaron21.417.21.2


Starting Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Dean Chance14.69.03.0


Relief Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Bob Lee6.64.21.0


For relief pitchers, context-neutral records may not be the best measure of how good they are, as context can matter a great deal, depending on how a pitcher is used. Here are the top relief pitchers of 1964 in context, in terms of pWins and pWOPA.

Top Relief Pitchers of 1964, based on pWORL
Player pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL
Dick Radatz13.28.50.6102.23.7
Hoyt Wilhelm9.86.70.5941.42.6
Bob Lee10.17.10.5871.42.5
Stu Miller8.15.60.5911.12.0
Al McBean6.53.70.6351.32.0


In the 1960s, the use of relief pitchers was starting to grow, but the number of relief pitchers was not growing as quickly. The result was that some top relief pitchers had workloads that seem unreal in a more modern context. In 1964, Dick Radatz pitched 157 innings in relief. He finished 67 games and earned 16 pitcher wins and 29 saves. Just to put those numbers in a more modern context, Radatz's team, the 1964 Boston Red Sox when 72-90. The closest to that record in 2013 was the 73-89 Philadelphia Phillies. The Phillies' top 3 relievers in 2013 combined to pitch 151 innings and earn 11 pitcher wins and 31 saves. Radatz did the work of three men.

The next table shows the top 5 players in total single-season pWins for pitchers who earned the majority of their Player decisions in relief.

Player Season Team pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL
Mike G. Marshall1974LAN14.012.70.5250.32.0
Dick Radatz1964BOS13.28.50.6102.23.7
Dan Quisenberry1980KCA12.56.00.6763.04.2
John Hiller1973DET12.55.20.7053.34.4
Rich Gossage1975CHA12.57.00.6392.53.6


Finally, here are the best at three oft-forgotten positions that can nevertheless matter: pitcher offense, pinch hitting, and pinch running.

Pitcher Offense
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Earl Wilson1.81.60.7


Pinch Hitter
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Ty Cline1.31.00.3


Pinch Runner
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Al Weis0.30.10.1
Dick A. Smith0.20.00.1
Bob Saverine0.20.10.1


Noteworthy Players of 1964

Finally, let's take a look at some players who had noteworthy 1964 seasons.

Notable Debuts
The 1964 season saw the major-league debuts of two players who would go on to both play into their mid-40s, playing a combined 47 seasons, both of whom would eventually be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame: Phil Niekro and Tony Perez. Their careers are compared in the next table, as measured by Player won-lost records.

Phil Niekro Tony Perez
Season Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL
1964100.20.30.435-0.0
-0.0
120.30.80.286-0.2-0.2
1965423.33.20.512-0.0
0.4
1037.97.10.5260.00.7
1966282.11.90.5160.1
0.3
977.17.70.479-0.7-0.0
19674614.012.60.5281.1
2.4
15619.415.70.5531.42.9
19683715.814.30.5251.4
2.6
16020.118.30.5230.72.3
19694020.916.10.5653.3
5.0
16023.117.00.5762.84.6
19703414.617.70.452-1.0
0.4
15823.316.20.5912.94.6
19714216.216.30.4980.7
2.1
15822.017.40.5581.73.3
19723818.214.70.5532.5
4.0
13616.111.10.5921.42.5
19734213.913.50.5070.7
1.9
15119.413.20.5952.23.5
19744118.516.90.5231.6
3.0
15819.215.10.5591.22.5
19753917.418.00.4910.4
1.9
13717.213.00.5681.12.3
19763817.715.70.5301.8
3.1
13915.012.80.5400.41.4
19774422.021.80.5021.0
3.0
15417.014.60.5380.51.8
19784522.319.00.5402.6
4.3
14814.313.40.518-0.10.9
19794420.821.70.4900.6
2.3
13214.312.80.5280.11.2
19804017.518.90.480-0.1
1.4
15115.315.60.496-0.60.7
1981229.09.40.4880.2
1.1
847.66.60.5360.41.0
19823512.711.40.5261.3
2.2
694.94.40.5270.20.7
19833411.914.20.456-0.5
0.6
917.67.20.512-0.10.4
19843213.69.80.5822.1
3.2
713.23.80.461-0.4-0.0
19853314.114.50.492-0.0
1.5
716.34.80.5680.50.9
19863411.713.20.470-0.5
0.7
774.85.10.485-0.40.0
1987268.511.00.436-1.0
-0.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS866337.0326.20.50818.2
47.3
2,773305.3253.60.54614.938.1


Last Hurrahs
Finally, 1964 was the final season for outfielders Duke Snider and Minnie Minoso (not counting 10 token plate appearances by Minoso in 1976 and 1980).

Duke Snider was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1980. Minnie Minoso has not yet made the Hall of Fame, but he was elected to the Hall of Merit in their "1987" election.

Snider's and Minoso's careers are compared in the next table as measured by Player won-lost records. The final row of the table compares their Player won-lost records through their common prime of 1951 - 1961.

Duke Snider Minnie Minoso
Season Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL
1947401.92.50.433-0.3
-0.1
1948534.65.00.479-0.4
0.0
194914620.912.80.6203.5
4.9
90.60.80.424-0.1-0.1
195015220.817.00.5501.4
2.9
195115020.115.80.5601.7
3.2
14618.815.60.5471.12.4
195214419.914.90.5722.1
3.6
14720.518.00.5330.62.2
195315323.613.40.6384.4
6.0
15124.116.40.5953.04.7
195414923.615.10.6103.4
5.0
15327.618.20.6033.95.8
195514824.214.80.6214.0
5.6
13919.718.20.5200.21.8
195615123.015.20.6013.1
4.7
15123.318.40.5581.43.2
195713919.015.70.5481.0
2.5
15325.418.70.5762.03.8
195810610.110.60.487-0.6
0.2
14922.819.60.5380.52.1
195912615.511.30.5771.6
2.7
14823.416.90.5812.74.3
19601009.07.70.5390.4
1.1
15422.018.80.5390.62.2
1961839.86.60.5951.2
2.0
15222.118.10.5501.43.2
1962806.34.60.5790.7
1.1
392.62.90.477-0.3-0.0
196312913.012.50.510-0.3
0.7
1098.911.30.440-1.5-0.7
1964894.85.60.462-0.5
0.0
300.81.10.442-0.10.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS2,138270.1201.30.57326.4
46.1
1,830262.5212.80.55215.435.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
1951 - 19611,449197.7141.20.58322.3
36.4
1,643249.5196.70.55917.435.8




All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

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