Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
Home     List of Articles



The 1994 Season as seen through the Prism of Player Won-Lost Records



Next in my continuing series of looking at individual seasons through the prism of Player won-lost records is the 1994 season. The 1994 season was something of a clunker of a season whose "highlight" was a player strike that wiped out the last two months of the season and extended into 1995. Still, (some) baseball was played and baseball is great, so let's look at some of the actual highlights of the 1994 season.

The Best of 1994

I calculate Player won-lost records two ways: pWins, which tie to team wins and eWins, which control for context and the ability of one's teammates. For players with more pWins than eWins, their Player wins contributed to more team wins than one might expect; for players with more eWins than pWins, just the opposite is true: their Player wins translated into fewer team wins than expected. Or more briefly: a player with more pWins than eWins was better in context, a player with more eWins than pWins was worse in context.

The top 10 players in pWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Greg Maddux14.48.13.7
4.8
1Greg Maddux14.48.13.7
4.8
2Jeff Bagwell17.19.92.7
3.8
2Jeff Bagwell17.19.92.7
3.8
3David Cone12.57.42.7
3.8
3David Cone12.57.42.7
3.8
4Fred McGriff17.09.92.6
3.8
4Fred McGriff17.09.92.6
3.8
5Mike Mussina12.17.42.4
3.6
5Mike Mussina12.17.42.4
3.6
6Paul O'Neill15.29.92.4
3.4
6Barry Bonds18.613.22.2
3.6
7Frank E. Thomas15.29.32.4
3.4
7Craig Biggio17.112.72.3
3.5
8Craig Biggio17.112.72.3
3.5
8Paul O'Neill15.29.92.4
3.4
9Bret Saberhagen11.47.82.3
3.2
9Frank E. Thomas15.29.32.4
3.4
10Wil Cordero15.711.92.2
3.4
10Wil Cordero15.711.92.2
3.4


The top 10 players in eWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

eWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          eWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL           Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Greg Maddux13.87.53.6
4.7
1Greg Maddux13.87.53.6
4.7
2Jeff Bagwell16.79.32.9
4.0
2Jeff Bagwell16.79.32.9
4.0
3Barry Bonds18.512.32.7
3.9
3Barry Bonds18.512.32.7
3.9
4Albert Belle18.212.62.6
3.9
4Albert Belle18.212.62.6
3.9
5Frank E. Thomas15.49.32.5
3.6
5Frank E. Thomas15.49.32.5
3.6
6Bret Saberhagen12.08.02.5
3.5
6Bret Saberhagen12.08.02.5
3.5
7David Cone10.96.82.1
3.1
7Ken Griffey Jr.16.412.22.1
3.3
8Ken Griffey Jr.16.412.22.1
3.3
8Matt D. Williams16.111.82.0
3.2
9Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.47.52.1
3.1
9Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.47.52.1
3.1
10Matt D. Williams16.111.82.0
3.2
10David Cone10.96.82.1
3.1


Greg Maddux
Greg Maddux had one of the best peaks in major-league history. Unfortunately, he timed his peak exceptionally badly. The two best seasons of Greg Maddux's career were 1994 and 1995 and were therefore interrupted by an eight-month player strike that cost the Atlanta Braves 66 games.

The next table compares Greg Maddux's 1994-95 season, as measured by Player won-lost records, to the best two-year peak (since 1939) as measured by Player won-lost records, Sandy Koufax's 1965 and 1966 seasons.

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Greg Maddux, 1994-95
53
30.915.60.6659.0
11.3
28.314.60.6598.010.2
Sandy Koufax, 1965-66
84
48.030.60.61110.5
13.8
42.432.60.5666.69.8


The comparison between Maddux and Koufax comes down to one of quality (Maddux) vs. quantity (Koufax). Maddux's winning percentage over his two-year stretch was .050 better than Koufax, but Koufax pitched in 31 more games than Maddux (246.2 more innings). If the 1994 and 1995 seasons had been full 162-game seasons (as the 1965 and 1966 Dodgers' had been), the quantity gap would have closed considerably - although not completely (Maddux would have had to start almost half of the lost Braves game and thrown 8 innings per start to catch up to Koufax's workload).

Blowing up Maddux's 1994-95 performance to 162-game equivalents, the comparison to Koufax looks like this.

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Greg Maddux, 1994-95
67
38.919.60.66511.3
14.2
35.618.40.65910.112.8
Sandy Koufax, 1965-66
84
48.030.60.61110.5
13.8
42.432.60.5666.69.8


The career record of Greg Maddux, as measured by Player won-lost records is shown next.

Greg Maddux
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1986CHN20
6
1.62.30.418-0.2
-0.1
1.92.30.446-0.10.1
1987CHN21
31
9.913.50.423-1.3
-0.2
9.111.70.437-0.90.1
1988CHN22
34
17.412.50.5823.2
4.5
15.913.90.5341.83.0
1989CHN23
35
16.114.10.5331.8
3.1
14.813.40.5251.42.6
1990CHN24
35
15.614.80.5141.3
2.6
15.313.00.5391.93.1
1991CHN25
39
15.813.70.5351.8
3.1
16.615.20.5221.53.0
1992CHN26
35
17.712.40.5873.5
5.0
17.812.50.5873.65.0
1993ATL27
36
18.113.50.5723.0
4.3
17.012.80.5692.74.0
1994ATL28
25
14.48.10.6403.7
4.8
13.87.50.6483.64.7
1995ATL29
28
16.57.50.6895.3
6.5
14.67.10.6714.45.5
1996ATL30
35
16.211.70.5813.1
4.5
16.910.40.6214.15.5
1997ATL31
33
14.29.20.6083.2
4.4
15.29.50.6173.64.9
1998ATL32
34
17.112.00.5883.4
4.8
15.910.30.6083.64.8
1999ATL33
33
15.912.90.5522.2
3.6
14.612.20.5451.93.2
2000ATL34
35
17.112.20.5833.2
4.6
15.511.70.5702.74.0
2001ATL35
35
16.111.70.5803.0
4.4
15.811.80.5732.84.2
2002ATL36
35
13.110.20.5622.0
3.2
12.410.30.5461.62.7
2003ATL37
37
13.513.90.4930.5
1.9
13.012.20.5151.02.4
2004CHN38
34
14.713.10.5291.7
3.1
14.813.20.5281.73.1
2005CHN39
35
12.514.70.458-0.4
0.8
14.214.50.4950.72.0
40
34
13.312.40.5181.2
2.5
12.711.50.5251.32.5
2007SDN41
34
11.611.30.5070.7
1.9
12.011.90.5030.71.9
42
33
10.113.80.422-1.2
-0.0
11.413.10.465-0.21.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
751
328.5271.40.54844.8
73.5
321.0261.90.55145.373.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
37
12.612.50.502 2.013.110.80.547 3.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
788
341.1283.90.548
75.5
334.1272.70.551 76.2


Jeff Bagwell
Measured by rate stats, the 1994 season was easily the finest season of Jeff Bagwell's excellent career. He had career highs in batting average (.368), on-base percentage (.451), slugging percentage (.750). He led the National League in both runs scored and runs batted in and had only 8 home runs fewer than his career high in 49 fewer games.

The 1994 season was not the best in Jeff Bagwell's career in terms of Player wins over either positional average or replacement level, however, because of the aforementioned strike that wiped out 47 Astros games.

It is tempting to wonder about what Jeff Bagwell's 1994 season might have looked like were it not for the players' strike. The thing is, we know exactly what Jeff Bagwell's 1994 season would have looked like: it would have looked the exact same. Jeff Bagwell suffered a season-ending wrist injury two days before the players struck. In fact, had it not been for the strike, Bagwell would have almost certainly not led the National League in either runs or RBI and he probably wouldn't have won what ended up being his only MVP award.

The career record of Jeff Bagwell, as measured by Player won-lost records is shown next.

Jeff Bagwell
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1991HOU23
156
17.815.90.5280.1
1.5
18.115.70.5360.41.7
1992HOU24
162
22.616.90.5721.8
3.3
20.516.70.5511.02.4
1993HOU25
142
16.713.90.5450.5
1.7
16.912.90.5671.22.3
1994HOU26
110
17.19.90.6322.7
3.8
16.79.30.6432.94.0
1995HOU27
114
15.310.70.5891.5
2.5
15.911.40.5821.42.5
1996HOU28
162
22.915.00.6042.8
4.4
21.915.20.5902.33.8
1997HOU29
162
22.014.60.6022.3
3.7
23.214.30.6183.04.4
1998HOU30
147
19.313.30.5911.9
3.2
19.614.00.5831.73.0
1999HOU31
162
22.814.20.6163.3
4.7
21.014.60.5902.23.6
2000HOU32
159
18.715.60.5460.4
1.8
20.114.60.5801.63.0
2001HOU33
161
22.414.10.6143.0
4.6
20.214.80.5781.63.1
2002HOU34
158
19.515.10.5641.1
2.5
18.214.20.5620.92.2
2003HOU35
160
18.516.10.5350.3
1.6
18.115.30.5420.51.8
2004HOU36
156
16.714.00.5440.6
1.8
16.714.00.5440.61.8
2005HOU37
39
3.13.00.510-0.1
0.2
3.02.80.5240.00.3
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,150
275.4202.40.57622.3
41.3
270.1199.60.57521.239.9
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
33
2.53.40.423 -0.42.62.80.488 0.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
2,183
277.9205.80.576
40.9
272.7202.40.575 39.9


Paul O'Neill
The next player after Maddux and Bagwell in pWins over positional average in 1994 was New York Yankees rightfielder Paul O'Neill. O'Neill also ranks 5th in pWORL. O'Neill does not, however, appear in either of the above tables when measured using (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins. As I noted above, this means that Paul O'Neill was somewhat more valuable "in context" than out of context.

The career record of Paul O'Neill, as measured by Player won-lost records is shown next.

Paul O'Neill
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1985CIN22
5
0.30.50.372-0.1
-0.1
0.40.30.5430.00.1
1986CIN23
3
0.00.10.064-0.1
-0.0
0.00.10.450-0.00.0
1987CIN24
82
5.14.60.5250.1
0.6
5.24.80.5180.10.5
1988CIN25
145
16.715.20.5230.0
1.3
15.213.90.521-0.01.1
1989CIN26
117
15.714.30.5230.3
1.3
15.613.10.5430.81.9
1990CIN27
145
18.516.20.5340.7
2.0
16.916.60.505-0.30.9
1991CIN28
152
18.715.80.5430.8
2.1
17.114.70.5370.61.8
1992CIN29
147
15.614.70.5160.1
1.3
15.915.70.504-0.21.0
1993NYA30
141
16.914.10.5451.2
2.5
16.714.20.5401.12.3
1994NYA31
103
15.29.90.6052.4
3.4
15.211.20.5771.82.9
1995NYA32
127
18.614.20.5661.8
3.1
16.214.20.5320.61.8
1996NYA33
150
20.615.40.5732.2
3.7
18.217.10.5160.11.6
1997NYA34
149
20.616.10.5621.7
3.2
19.816.50.5451.12.5
1998NYA35
152
21.016.10.5661.9
3.3
19.216.40.5390.82.2
1999NYA36
153
20.519.20.5170.1
1.7
19.619.30.504-0.41.1
2000NYA37
142
17.918.70.488-0.8
0.7
16.517.50.487-0.80.6
2001NYA38
137
16.815.70.5170.1
1.5
15.715.10.510-0.11.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,050
258.7220.80.54012.6
31.5
243.5220.70.5255.223.6
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
85
11.68.00.592 2.310.59.20.533 1.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
2,135
270.3228.80.540
33.9
254.0229.90.525 24.8


As the above table shows, the fact that Paul O'Neill looked better in context than out of context in 1994 was typical of his career.

Paul O'Neill played for five World Series winners in his career. In fact, O'Neill played 140 or more games 10 times in his career; in half of those seasons, his team won the World Series.

So, was Paul O'Neill a "winner"? Well, as a factual statement, obviously, he was, insofar as he played on lots of winning teams. But did he bring some sort of intangible "winning" to these teams? More sabermetric observers would scoff at the notion. But honestly, looking here, I think there might be something to this. In his second full season as a Reds regular, his team led from wire-to-wire and swept the heavily favored Oakland A's in the World Series. When he arrived in New York, the Yankees were finishing up one of the least-productive decades in their history. O'Neill's first Yankee team, in 1993, had their first winning record since 1988. By his second season, the 1994 Yankees were leading the AL East when the strike ended the season.

And as the above table shows, O'Neill turned his game up once his team got to the postseason, so that he was a key reason why they won those five World Series.

By tying pWins to team wins, Player won-lost records are illuminating, I think, and suggest that, in the case of Paul O'Neill, there might be something there: Paul O'Neill was a winner.

1994 Postseason

The 1994 postseason was cancelled because of the Player strike that started on August 12, 1994, and wasn't resolved until April 2, 1995. So, instead of a section looking at the best players of the (non-existent) 1994 postseason, let's look at the team which finished with the best regular-season record in 1994, the Montreal Expos.

1994 Montreal Expos

The first table below presents the performance of the players on the 1994 Montreal Expos, as measured by Player won-lost records, ranked by pWins over replacement level.

1994 Montreal Expos
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Player Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Wil Cordero
110
15.711.92.2
3.4
14.713.01.22.3
Moises Alou
107
15.711.41.7
2.8
15.012.11.02.1
Marquis Grissom
110
15.712.01.6
2.8
15.813.70.82.0
Larry Walker
103
15.811.31.6
2.7
14.711.01.22.3
Ken Hill
24
10.07.71.6
2.5
9.48.50.91.8
Pedro J. Martinez
24
9.77.91.3
2.2
8.97.51.01.9
Darrin Fletcher
93
8.76.41.3
1.9
6.96.90.10.7
Mel Rojas
58
6.53.91.3
1.9
4.53.90.30.8
Butch Henry
24
6.94.91.2
1.9
6.85.11.11.7
Jeff Fassero
21
9.18.30.7
1.7
8.47.30.91.7
Mike Lansing
106
12.311.10.6
1.6
12.211.90.21.2
John Wetteland
52
5.74.30.7
1.3
3.12.50.30.7
Sean Berry
102
9.39.00.0
0.8
9.79.7-0.10.7
Gil Heredia
39
4.23.90.2
0.7
4.13.70.30.7
Lenny Webster
57
4.33.70.3
0.7
4.23.70.30.6
Tim Scott
40
2.31.40.4
0.7
2.32.00.10.4
Kirk Rueter
20
5.15.40.1
0.6
5.56.3-0.10.5
Cliff Floyd
100
9.18.4-0.1
0.6
8.48.9-0.70.0
Lou Frazier
71
4.64.10.2
0.6
4.14.5-0.30.1
Juan Bell
38
2.82.20.3
0.5
3.23.00.10.4
Jeff Shaw
46
2.72.30.2
0.5
3.23.20.00.4
Rondell White
40
3.02.50.2
0.5
3.02.70.10.3
Randy Milligan
46
2.92.40.1
0.4
2.02.1-0.10.1
Gabe White
7
1.51.50.0
0.2
1.41.8-0.10.0
Tim Spehr
50
0.70.50.1
0.2
1.00.90.00.1
Heath Haynes
4
0.10.10.0
0.0
0.20.2-0.00.0
Rod Henderson
3
0.40.6-0.1
-0.0
0.40.7-0.2-0.1
Joey Eischen
1
0.00.0-0.0
-0.0
0.00.1-0.0-0.0
Brian Looney
1
0.00.2-0.1
-0.1
0.10.2-0.1-0.0
Jeff Gardner
18
0.60.9-0.2
-0.1
0.71.0-0.2-0.1
Denis Boucher
10
0.91.4-0.2
-0.1
1.01.6-0.3-0.1
Freddie Benavides
47
1.62.6-0.5
-0.3
1.92.8-0.4-0.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
TOTAL (reg. season)
162
188.0154.016.9
33.1
176.9162.47.223.2


Like all good teams, the 1994 Expos included some players having the best season of their careers. But the 1994 Expos had a core of extremely talented players who put up extremely impressive careers. The next table presents the career records of the players on the 1994 Montreal Expos, as measured by Player won-lost records, ranked by career pWins over replacement level.

Career Records of 1994 Montreal Expos
Sorted by Career pWORL
Player Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Pedro J. Martinez
476
193.7137.533.9
51.4
183.0132.530.847.5
Larry Walker
1983
266.9214.717.2
36.3
261.8208.817.736.5
Moises Alou
1937
257.0226.76.9
26.1
248.5218.86.925.4
Marquis Grissom
2157
262.9248.23.2
23.5
258.2255.9-3.017.4
Kirk Rueter
346
117.9115.77.4
19.0
116.7124.52.614.6
John Wetteland
618
71.747.610.6
18.0
39.933.62.46.9
Ken Hill
334
119.1119.44.1
16.2
119.0122.22.714.9
Jeff Fassero
720
119.4120.91.5
15.0
117.2114.03.916.8
Cliff Floyd
1615
180.6171.3-1.2
13.2
181.5165.22.416.5
Rondell White
1472
169.8166.6-2.3
11.6
167.5159.00.414.0
Jeff Shaw
633
55.644.14.4
10.7
40.640.6-0.94.1
Wil Cordero
1246
131.0129.7-0.4
10.4
127.7131.7-3.07.7
Mike Lansing
1110
125.2127.8-0.2
9.9
123.1129.4-2.18.1
Mel Rojas
525
44.435.03.6
8.6
33.532.0-0.14.0
Darrin Fletcher
1241
94.599.20.4
8.3
92.798.8-0.37.5
Sean Berry
857
75.971.61.0
7.1
74.873.6-0.55.6
Randy Milligan
700
66.958.31.9
6.8
64.756.91.66.4
Gil Heredia
267
50.752.20.2
5.7
54.151.72.27.9
Gabe White
472
28.024.31.3
4.7
28.228.4-0.73.0
Butch Henry
148
36.037.90.4
4.2
36.137.00.94.6
Lenny Webster
585
34.837.9-0.5
2.4
35.237.4-0.02.9
Tim Scott
276
14.213.8-0.2
1.6
14.715.7-1.01.0
Lou Frazier
295
17.116.50.1
1.5
16.517.5-0.80.7
Tim Spehr
359
12.713.5-0.0
1.0
14.215.3-0.11.1
Juan Bell
307
24.227.1-1.0
1.0
25.728.7-1.01.1
Joey Eischen
327
10.712.7-1.4
0.2
14.415.0-0.71.2
Freddie Benavides
218
14.617.2-1.1
0.1
14.717.7-1.3-0.0
Heath Haynes
4
0.10.10.0
0.0
0.20.2-0.00.0
Rod Henderson
5
0.50.7-0.1
-0.0
0.51.0-0.3-0.2
Brian Looney
7
0.51.1-0.3
-0.2
0.61.0-0.2-0.1
Denis Boucher
35
7.710.3-1.1
-0.2
8.111.6-1.6-0.6
Jeff Gardner
185
13.017.4-2.1
-0.9
14.516.2-0.80.5


The top player on the list, Pedro Martinez, won three Cy Young awards, with serious consideration in at least three other seasons, and should be elected into the Hall of Fame as soon as he becomes eligible. The top position player on the list, Larry Walker, won the 1997 National League MVP award and was elected to Baseball Think Factory's Hall of Merit in its 2011 election (Walker's first year of eligibility). And below those two are several other players who had very good major-league careers: Moises Alou batted .303 in over 7,000 career at-bats; Marquis Grissom made two All-Star teams, won three Gold Gloves, and received MVP votes in four seasons (including 1994); Kirk Reuter earned 130 pitching wins in his career and pitched almost 2,000 innings; John Wetteland is 12th all-time in career saves with 330.

Not only did the Montreal Expos have the best record in baseball in 1994, but, according to Baseball-Reference, they had the youngest average age for both batters and pitchers of any team in 1994.

The final table of this section, then, shows the career records of the members of the 1994 Montreal Expos, after 1994, again, ranked by pWins over replacement level.

Post-1994 Career Records of 1994 Montreal Expos
Player Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Pedro J. Martinez
385
176.3123.831.7
47.5
168.3120.329.344.5
Larry Walker
1312
176.2143.110.3
23.1
174.9137.712.425.0
Moises Alou
1568
212.4188.45.1
20.9
203.4180.74.719.9
Kirk Rueter
312
106.6106.06.1
16.7
106.0113.42.313.2
Cliff Floyd
1505
170.9162.3-1.1
12.5
172.6155.53.316.6
John Wetteland
370
40.923.17.8
12.0
19.314.61.73.9
Marquis Grissom
1466
171.0170.3-1.9
11.8
167.0174.2-5.97.8
Jeff Shaw
489
44.729.36.3
11.1
26.423.00.84.0
Rondell White
1410
164.1161.9-2.7
10.8
162.1153.80.513.6
Jeff Fassero
522
93.297.8-0.3
10.4
93.394.21.512.1
Ken Hill
164
58.359.01.1
7.6
56.958.30.77.0
Mike Lansing
863
96.9101.7-1.3
6.6
94.8101.7-2.45.5
Darrin Fletcher
871
67.272.7-0.4
5.3
66.670.00.66.2
Sean Berry
570
51.949.30.4
4.5
50.749.7-0.43.7
Gil Heredia
181
39.440.50.2
4.5
43.040.51.96.5
Gabe White
465
26.622.91.3
4.5
26.826.6-0.53.0
Wil Cordero
954
95.799.5-3.6
4.5
93.297.7-3.94.0
Mel Rojas
273
22.419.50.7
3.4
15.615.9-0.71.3
Butch Henry
66
14.413.21.0
2.5
13.912.80.92.3
Lenny Webster
393
24.027.5-1.0
1.1
24.126.6-0.51.6
Tim Scott
144
7.87.7-0.3
0.8
7.07.8-0.70.3
Tim Spehr
220
7.59.0-0.4
0.2
8.910.0-0.20.5
Joey Eischen
326
10.712.7-1.4
0.2
14.414.9-0.71.3
Lou Frazier
116
6.37.1-0.4
0.1
6.57.4-0.50.1
Juan Bell
14
0.70.9-0.1
-0.0
0.71.0-0.1-0.1
Rod Henderson
2
0.00.1-0.0
-0.0
0.20.4-0.1-0.1
Brian Looney
3
0.30.8-0.3
-0.2
0.20.5-0.2-0.1


It's been said before and it will be said again, but it's a damn shame what happened to the Montreal Expos.

Best of 1994 by Factor and Position

Next, let's look at the top players in (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over Positional Average in various aspects of the game.
Best by Factor: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, Fielding
There are four basic factors for which players earn Player won-lost records: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, and Fielding. The top players in 1994 in eWOPA by factor were as follows.

Batting
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Frank E. Thomas13.27.33.0
Jeff Bagwell13.17.22.8

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Jeff Bagwell and Frank Thomas were both born on May 23, 1968. They debuted nine months apart at the same position. The teams they are most associated with finally made a World Series in Bagwell's and Thomas's final seasons with them - where they played each other, although Thomas was too injured to actually appear in the World Series.

Before the 2005 World Series, the parallel tracks of their career ran most closely together here in 1994, when Thomas and Bagwell both won MVP awards and, as you can see above, basically put up the exact same batting record, at least as measured by Player won-lost records.

Baserunning
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Barry Larkin1.80.90.4
Vince Coleman1.60.90.4
Kenny Lofton2.21.40.4
Marquis Grissom1.70.90.4

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Pitching
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Greg Maddux11.05.75.3


Fielding, P
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Bret Saberhagen0.40.10.3
Cal Eldred0.50.30.3


Fielding, C
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Terry Steinbach1.31.00.4


Fielding, 1B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Jeff Bagwell2.31.70.6


Fielding, 2B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Jeff Kent4.43.70.8


Fielding, 3B
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Matt D. Williams3.82.81.0


Fielding, SS
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Cal Ripken4.53.41.0


Fielding, LF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Barry Bonds4.94.30.6
Jeff Conine4.13.50.6


Fielding, CF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Chad Curtis4.33.70.7


Fielding, RF
eWins eLosses Net Wins
Reggie L. Sanders5.43.91.4


Best by Position
Next, we look at 1994 Major-League leaders in eWOPA by position. The figures shown here only include Player decisions earned while playing this particular position, and include no contextual adjustments (expected or actual).



Catcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mike Piazza11.39.41.2
Mike Stanley7.65.81.2


First Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Jeff Bagwell16.39.42.6


Second Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Craig Biggio15.913.11.4


Third Base
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Matt D. Williams16.012.01.9


Shortstop
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Cal Ripken14.212.91.3


Left Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Barry Bonds18.312.62.4


Center Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Ken Griffey Jr.15.211.81.7


Right Field
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Paul O'Neill13.29.91.4


Starting Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Greg Maddux11.56.42.6


Relief Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mark Eichhorn4.12.60.7


For relief pitchers, context-neutral records may not be the best measure of how good they are, as context can matter a great deal, depending on how a pitcher is used. Here are the top relief pitchers of 1994 in context, in terms of pWins and pWOPA.

Top Relief Pitchers of 1994, based on pWORL
Player pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL
Mel Rojas6.53.90.6231.31.9
Doug Jones5.72.80.6681.41.9
Bobby Ayala4.82.40.6661.11.6
Jeff Montgomery5.13.00.6260.91.5
Trevor Hoffman4.72.90.6170.91.3


Designated Hitter
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Chili Davis10.58.00.9
Bob Hamelin6.14.40.7


Finally, here are the best at three oft-forgotten positions that can nevertheless matter: pitcher offense, pinch hitting, and pinch running.

Pitcher Offense
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mark Portugal1.01.00.4


Pinch Hitter
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Howard Johnson1.20.60.3


Pinch Runner
eWins eLosses eWOPA
Scott Hemond0.30.00.1
Jacob Brumfield0.10.00.1


Noteworthy Players of 1994

Finally, let's take a look at some players who had noteworthy 1994 seasons.

Notable Debuts
The next table shows the career records (to date) of the top 10 players who made their major-league debut in 1994, sorted by pWins over replacement level.

Top Ten Players who Debuted in 1994, as Measured by pWORL

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Alex Rodriguez
2,783
373.9297.20.55742.5
69.5
365.5292.50.55540.867.3
Jon Lieber
405
133.2130.90.5047.3
20.7
136.5131.20.5108.922.4
Chan Ho Park
479
124.6121.10.5076.3
19.2
122.9128.40.4891.815.0
Garret Anderson
2,226
266.6264.10.502-3.2
18.5
256.2254.10.502-3.217.6
Armando Benitez
762
67.348.40.5817.4
15.2
39.835.40.5290.86.0
Ismael Valdez
326
109.7115.10.4881.9
13.7
111.5113.20.4963.815.5
Jeff Cirillo
1,617
160.0158.10.5030.0
12.8
161.1155.50.5091.914.7
Rusty Greer
1,025
129.1121.00.5162.2
12.4
127.7118.20.5193.012.9
Rick Helling
301
92.793.50.4981.7
11.8
90.196.80.482-1.38.9
Joey Hamilton
243
80.585.00.4861.4
10.0
80.782.60.4942.611.1


The top 1994-debut player in pWORL, Alex Rodriguez, has earned more pWins over replacement level in his career than the next three players on this list, combined.

Last Hurrahs
Finally, 1994 was the final season for one player who has been elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, Goose Gossage and another player who just missed being elected in 15 years on the ballot, Jack Morris. The final table of this article compares the career records of Goose Gossage and Jack Morris, as measured by Player won-lost records.

Rich Gossage Jack Morris
Season Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL Games pWins pLoss Win Pct. pWOPA pWORL
1972364.44.10.5190.1
0.6
1973211.83.80.324-1.1
-0.7
1974393.75.20.416-0.9
-0.4
19756212.16.80.6402.4
3.6
19763112.813.80.481-0.4
0.8
19777211.17.30.6051.8
2.9
71.72.10.448-0.20.0
19786310.38.30.5540.8
2.0
283.94.60.458-0.40.1
1979364.22.90.5950.5
1.0
2711.39.00.5591.32.2
1980649.04.50.6692.1
3.0
3714.612.30.5421.32.5
1981324.72.40.6651.0
1.5
2511.49.30.5501.32.3
1982568.74.80.6451.6
2.5
3716.117.00.487-0.11.5
1983578.86.20.5891.0
2.0
3815.914.60.5210.92.3
1984629.55.80.6201.7
2.5
3515.613.30.5391.42.7
1985507.33.10.7002.0
2.6
3516.711.90.5842.64.2
1986456.86.50.509-0.1
0.7
3517.013.10.5642.23.6
1987404.03.30.5480.2
0.6
3516.813.80.5481.83.4
1988463.13.70.453-0.4
-0.0
3414.414.10.5050.31.7
1989421.52.00.424-0.3
-0.1
249.012.10.426-1.4-0.4
1990
 
3613.216.40.446-1.30.1
1991442.02.70.423-0.4
-0.1
3515.314.60.5120.62.1
1992301.51.60.481-0.1
0.1
3414.610.80.5742.13.5
1993392.22.10.509-0.0
0.3
278.611.30.433-1.3-0.3
1994361.50.80.6540.3
0.5
238.08.00.5000.11.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS1,003131.3101.90.56311.7
25.7
552224.0208.40.51811.432.5




All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

Home     List of Articles