Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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1994 Season

The 1994 Season as seen through the Prism of Player Won-Lost Records

This article takes a look at the 1994 season as measured by Player won-lost records. The 1994 season was something of a clunker of a season whose "highlight" was a player strike that wiped out the last two months of the season and extended into 1995. Still, (some) baseball was played and baseball is great, so let's look at some of the actual highlights of the 1994 season.

The Best of 1994

I calculate Player won-lost records two ways: pWins, which tie to team wins and eWins, which control for context and the ability of one's teammates. For players with more pWins than eWins, their Player wins contributed to more team wins than one might expect; for players with more eWins than pWins, just the opposite is true: their Player wins translated into fewer team wins than expected. Or more briefly: a player with more pWins than eWins was better in context, a player with more eWins than pWins was worse in context.

The top 10 players in pWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Greg Maddux14.48.17.0
8.4
1Greg Maddux14.48.17.0
8.4
2Jeff Bagwell17.09.85.9
7.2
2Jeff Bagwell17.09.85.9
7.2
3Fred McGriff17.110.15.6
7.0
3Fred McGriff17.110.15.6
7.0
4Barry Bonds18.712.85.3
6.8
4Barry Bonds18.712.85.3
6.8
5Paul O'Neill15.610.05.3
6.6
5Paul O'Neill15.610.05.3
6.6
6David Cone12.57.45.1
6.5
6David Cone12.57.45.1
6.5
7Frank E. Thomas15.09.34.8
6.0
7Frank E. Thomas15.09.34.8
6.0
8Mike Mussina12.17.54.6
6.0
8Mike Mussina12.17.54.6
6.0
9Craig Biggio16.912.84.3
5.8
9Craig Biggio16.912.84.3
5.8
10Albert Belle16.712.24.2
5.7
10Albert Belle16.712.24.2
5.7


The top 10 players in eWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

eWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
eWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Greg Maddux14.58.07.4
8.8
1Greg Maddux14.58.07.4
8.8
2Jeff Bagwell17.29.66.3
7.6
2Jeff Bagwell17.29.66.3
7.6
3Barry Bonds18.912.65.6
7.1
3Barry Bonds18.912.65.6
7.1
4Frank E. Thomas15.29.25.2
6.4
4Frank E. Thomas15.29.25.2
6.4
5Albert Belle17.111.84.9
6.3
5Albert Belle17.111.84.9
6.3
6Bret Saberhagen11.37.54.5
5.6
6Matt D. Williams17.112.64.4
5.8
7David Cone12.17.74.4
5.8
7David Cone12.17.74.4
5.8
8Matt D. Williams17.112.64.4
5.8
8Bret Saberhagen11.37.54.5
5.6
9Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.87.84.0
5.4
9Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.87.84.0
5.4
10Ken Griffey Jr.15.711.73.8
5.2
10Ken Griffey Jr.15.711.73.8
5.2


I take a look at some of the most interesting players of 1994 at the end of this article.

For those familiar with these articles of mine, there is an obvious omission here. Here is where I would have shown the top players of the 1994 postseason. Alas, due to the players' strike, there was no 1994 postseason.

Best of 1994 by Factor and Position

Next, let's look at the top players in various aspects of the game.
Best by Factor: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, Fielding
There are four basic factors for which players earn Player won-lost records: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, and Fielding. The top players in 1994 in wins over positional average (WOPA) by factor were as follows.

Batting
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLoss eWOPA Player pWins pLoss pWOPA
1Jeff Bagwell13.57.4
5.9
1Fred McGriff14.67.27.1
2Frank E. Thomas13.07.2
5.8
2Frank E. Thomas13.17.16.0
3Albert Belle11.56.8
4.7
3Jeff Bagwell13.57.45.8
4Barry Bonds12.27.5
4.5
4Barry Bonds12.67.15.2
5Fred McGriff13.08.8
3.9
5Albert Belle11.46.94.4
6Kevin Mitchell10.06.3
3.5
6Larry Walker11.36.84.3
7Ken Griffey Jr.11.27.7
3.5
7Paul O'Neill10.66.54.1
8Paul O'Neill10.17.0
3.1
8Bob Hamelin9.45.93.4
9Tony Gwynn Sr.11.27.9
3.0
9Jose Canseco11.17.83.3
10Matt D. Williams12.79.5
2.9
10Moises Alou10.77.33.1
Positional Average excludes pitcher offense
Baserunning
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLoss eWOPA Player pWins pLoss pWOPA
1Vince Coleman1.70.9
0.7
1Kenny Lofton2.11.30.9
2Marquis Grissom1.70.9
0.7
2Marquis Grissom1.70.90.9
3Kenny Lofton2.11.4
0.7
3Rickey Henderson1.70.80.8
4Rickey Henderson1.60.9
0.7
4Barry Larkin1.60.80.8
5Barry Larkin1.50.8
0.7
5Lance Johnson1.10.50.6
6Otis Nixon1.71.1
0.6
6Vince Coleman1.61.00.6
7Walt Weiss1.30.7
0.6
7Brady Anderson1.10.50.6
8Delino DeShields Sr.1.40.8
0.5
8Paul Molitor1.20.70.5
9Stan Javier1.40.9
0.5
9Stan Javier1.40.90.5
10Tony Phillips1.41.0
0.5
10Lenny Dykstra1.20.70.5
Positional Average excludes pitcher offense
Pitching
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLoss Net eWins Player pWins pLoss Net pWins
1Greg Maddux12.56.5
6.0
1Greg Maddux13.25.77.5
2David Cone11.48.1
3.3
2David Cone12.37.35.0
3Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.18.0
3.1
3Mike Mussina11.77.34.4
4Bret Saberhagen9.76.7
3.0
4Bret Saberhagen10.06.43.6
5Roger Clemens10.27.7
2.4
5Pat Hentgen12.38.83.5
6Jack McDowell11.18.7
2.4
6Jimmy Key10.67.43.2
7Mike Mussina10.78.3
2.4
7Doug Jones5.52.53.0
8Doug Drabek9.27.0
2.2
8Doug Drabek9.66.72.9
9Kevin Appier9.06.9
2.1
9Roger Clemens10.47.52.9
10Bobby Ayala4.52.5
2.0
10Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.08.12.8


Fielding by Position


Fielding, P
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Pete Harnisch0.40.1
0.3
1Robb Nen0.30.00.3
2Bret Saberhagen0.30.1
0.2
2Alex Fernandez0.40.10.3
3Bobby J. Jones0.40.2
0.2
3Bret Saberhagen0.30.10.3
4John H. Doherty0.30.1
0.2
4Butch Henry0.30.00.2
5Cal Eldred0.30.2
0.2
5Jeff Fassero0.40.10.2


Fielding, C
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Terry Steinbach1.51.1
0.4
1Brian Dorsett1.00.50.5
2Brian Dorsett0.90.6
0.3
2Terry Steinbach1.51.10.4
3Tom Pagnozzi1.20.8
0.3
3Chad Kreuter0.90.60.3
4Chad Kreuter0.90.6
0.2
4Dan Wilson1.31.00.3
5Ivan Rodriguez1.21.0
0.2
5Joe Girardi1.51.30.3


Fielding, 1B
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Jeff Bagwell2.31.7
0.6
1Jeff Bagwell2.31.60.8
2Cecil Fielder2.01.7
0.3
2Rafael Palmeiro2.21.70.6
3Will Clark1.81.6
0.2
3Don Mattingly1.71.30.3
4Tom M. Foley0.20.0
0.2
4Hal Morris1.71.40.3
5B.J. Surhoff0.30.1
0.2
5Dave Magadan0.40.10.2


Fielding, 2B
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Jeff Kent4.53.8
0.8
1Pat F. Kelly3.93.20.7
2Roberto Alomar4.03.4
0.6
2Craig Biggio4.94.20.7
3Tim Hulett1.00.5
0.4
3Robby Thompson1.71.00.7
4Robby Thompson1.61.1
0.4
4Jeff Kent4.53.80.6
5Bret Barberie3.93.5
0.4
5Bret Boone3.73.10.6


Fielding, 3B
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Matt D. Williams3.92.9
1.0
1Wade Boggs4.22.81.3
2Edgar Martinez2.11.6
0.5
2Ken Caminiti3.82.61.2
3Gary Gaetti2.72.2
0.5
3Terry Pendleton2.91.91.0
4Scott Cooper3.83.3
0.5
4Gary Gaetti2.92.00.9
5Mike Lansing1.10.6
0.5
5Leo Gomez2.51.70.7


Fielding, SS
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Cal Ripken4.63.5
1.1
1Jay Bell5.84.71.1
2Greg Gagne4.84.3
0.6
2Cal Ripken4.63.51.0
3Jose Valentin3.42.9
0.5
3Mike Gallego3.62.61.0
4Kevin Stocker3.63.2
0.4
4Kevin Stocker3.73.00.6
5Ozzie Smith3.93.6
0.4
5Ozzie Guillen3.73.30.4


Fielding, LF
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Barry Bonds5.24.6
0.6
1Jerry Browne1.00.30.7
2Jeff Conine3.93.4
0.6
2Rickey Henderson2.92.20.7
3Mike Huff1.91.5
0.4
3Mike Huff2.01.30.7
4Tony Phillips4.23.8
0.4
4Mike Kingery0.90.40.5
5Rickey Henderson2.82.3
0.4
5Lee Tinsley1.30.80.5


Fielding, CF
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Chad Curtis4.33.6
0.7
1Marquis Grissom4.13.30.8
2Marquis Grissom3.93.4
0.6
2Kenny Lofton4.33.70.6
3Devon White3.53.1
0.3
3Ryan Thompson3.93.40.5
4Steve Finley3.43.1
0.3
4Lenny Dykstra4.03.50.5
5James Mouton0.80.5
0.2
5Roberto Kelly4.74.30.4


Fielding, RF
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses Net eWins Player pWins pLosses Net pWins
1Reggie L. Sanders4.73.4
1.2
1Reggie L. Sanders4.63.51.1
2Mark Whiten5.04.4
0.6
2James Mouton2.51.60.9
3Kirby Puckett4.03.7
0.4
3Paul O'Neill3.42.60.9
4Paul O'Neill3.22.8
0.4
4Darrin Jackson2.92.30.6
5Raul Mondesi Sr.5.14.7
0.4
5Moises Alou1.91.30.6


Best by Position
Next, we look at 1994 Major-League leaders by position. The figures shown here only include Player decisions earned while playing this particular position.

Catcher
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Mike Piazza12.09.8
2.6
1Mike Piazza12.39.53.1
2Mike Stanley7.65.8
2.2
2Darrin Fletcher8.46.22.5
3Darren Daulton7.96.4
1.8
3Mike Stanley7.65.82.2
4Ivan Rodriguez9.28.3
1.4
4Chris Hoiles9.07.32.1
5Chris Hoiles8.47.9
1.1
5Darren Daulton7.96.41.8


First Base
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Jeff Bagwell16.99.9
5.7
1Fred McGriff17.09.95.8
2Frank E. Thomas13.98.3
4.8
2Jeff Bagwell16.99.95.7
3Fred McGriff15.511.4
2.6
3Frank E. Thomas13.98.24.9
4Will Clark11.58.8
1.8
4Larry Walker6.13.12.6
5Mo Vaughn12.19.8
1.4
5Hal Morris13.910.51.9


Second Base
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Craig Biggio16.213.5
2.8
1Craig Biggio17.112.64.6
2Jeff Kent14.613.0
1.7
2Carlos Baerga14.411.43.3
3Lou Whitaker10.59.1
1.7
3Jeff Kent14.912.72.3
4Bret Boone12.311.1
1.3
4Lou Whitaker10.88.82.3
5Roberto Alomar13.112.4
1.2
5Bret Boone12.710.72.1


Third Base
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Matt D. Williams17.212.9
4.1
1Wade Boggs13.89.64.3
2Wade Boggs13.010.3
2.8
2Matt D. Williams16.913.23.5
3Tim Wallach14.812.9
1.8
3Ken Caminiti14.210.73.2
4Bobby Bonilla14.212.3
1.7
4Tim Wallach15.312.42.6
5Ken Caminiti13.411.5
1.7
5Jim Thome10.88.62.4


Shortstop
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Cal Ripken14.513.2
2.4
1Wil Cordero15.511.94.2
2John Valentin10.48.8
2.2
2Barry Larkin16.213.73.1
3Barry Larkin15.714.2
2.1
3Cal Ripken14.912.83.1
4Wil Cordero14.413.0
2.0
4Mike Gallego8.87.12.2
5Kevin Stocker10.29.1
1.5
5John Valentin10.38.92.1


Left Field
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Barry Bonds18.713.0
5.1
1Barry Bonds18.513.04.7
2Albert Belle16.612.0
4.3
2Albert Belle16.412.03.9
3Kevin Mitchell13.39.7
3.1
3Kevin Mitchell13.09.72.4
4Tony Phillips14.812.2
2.3
4Rickey Henderson9.37.12.2
5Rickey Henderson9.27.1
1.9
5Tim Raines Sr.13.111.81.9


Center Field
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Ken Griffey Jr.14.811.4
3.4
1Kenny Lofton16.512.73.7
2Kenny Lofton16.013.2
2.7
2Marquis Grissom15.612.03.2
3Brett Butler15.713.5
1.8
3Ken Griffey Jr.14.711.53.2
4Marquis Grissom14.712.9
1.3
4Jacob Brumfield3.61.61.9
5Lenny Dykstra11.710.4
1.1
5Brett Butler15.513.61.5


Right Field
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Paul O'Neill12.19.0
2.7
1Paul O'Neill12.58.63.4
2Tim Salmon13.711.3
1.8
2Kirby Puckett14.911.52.9
3Tony Gwynn Sr.15.813.0
1.8
3Moises Alou7.34.62.4
4David Justice14.311.9
1.5
4Reggie L. Sanders14.711.91.9
5Larry Walker10.07.9
1.5
5Manny Ramirez10.38.01.9


Starting Pitcher
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Greg Maddux13.17.4
5.7
1Greg Maddux13.86.87.1
2David Cone11.78.2
3.4
2David Cone12.57.45.2
3Bret Saberhagen10.26.9
3.3
3Mike Mussina12.17.44.7
4Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.48.3
3.1
4Bret Saberhagen10.56.64.0
5Jack McDowell11.48.9
2.5
5Jimmy Key11.27.63.6
6Mike Mussina11.08.6
2.4
6Pat Hentgen12.59.13.4
7Doug Drabek9.57.1
2.3
7Doug Drabek9.96.73.2
8Roger Clemens10.48.2
2.3
8Ken Hill9.36.33.0
9Kevin Appier9.27.0
2.2
9Danny Jackson10.67.72.9
10Dennis Martinez10.08.1
1.9
10Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson11.28.52.8


Relief Pitcher
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Bobby Ayala4.52.7
1.8
1Doug Jones5.62.82.8
2Mark Eichhorn4.52.9
1.6
2Mel Rojas6.43.92.5
3John Franco4.93.4
1.5
3Bobby Ayala4.82.42.4
4John Wetteland5.64.3
1.2
4Jeff Montgomery5.13.02.0
5Trevor Hoffman4.43.1
1.2
5Steve Howe3.01.11.8
6Todd Jones4.02.8
1.2
6Eric Plunk4.22.31.8
7Bob Wickman4.02.8
1.2
7Trevor Hoffman4.62.81.8
8Steve Howe2.61.5
1.2
8Rene Arocha3.11.31.8
9Doug Jones4.83.6
1.2
9Ken Ryan4.02.31.7
10Mike R. Jackson3.22.0
1.2
10Mike Fetters3.82.21.7


Designated Hitter
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1 0.00.0
0.0
1 0.00.00.0
2 0.00.0
0.0
2 0.00.00.0
3 0.00.0
0.0
3 0.00.00.0


Finally, here are the best at three oft-forgotten positions that can nevertheless matter: pitcher offense, pinch hitting, and pinch running.

Pitcher Offense
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Mark Portugal1.21.1
0.7
1Mark Portugal1.31.00.9
2Doug Drabek1.11.5
0.4
2Ramon J. Martinez1.21.30.5
3Butch Henry0.80.8
0.4
3Doug Drabek1.21.50.5


Pinch Hitter
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Bo Jackson1.20.6
0.7
1Don Mattingly0.70.00.6
2Howard Johnson1.50.8
0.7
2Daryl Boston1.30.70.6
3Dave Clark1.50.9
0.6
3Paul O'Neill0.90.30.6


Pinch Runner
Context-Neutral Context-Dependent
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
1Scott Hemond0.30.0
0.3
1Scott Hemond0.30.00.3
2Rob Butler0.20.0
0.2
2Jacob Brumfield0.30.00.2
3Jacob Brumfield0.20.1
0.1
3Rob Butler0.20.00.2


Noteworthy Players of 1994

Greg Maddux
Greg Maddux had one of the best peaks in major-league history. Unfortunately, he timed his peak exceptionally badly. The two best seasons of Greg Maddux's career were 1994 and 1995 and were therefore interrupted by an eight-month player strike that cost the Atlanta Braves 66 games.

The next table compares Greg Maddux's 1994-95 season, as measured by Player won-lost records, to the best two-year pitcher peak since MLB integration (i.e., since 1947) as measured by pWins over replacement level (pWORL), Sandy Koufax's 1965 and 1966 seasons.

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Greg Maddux, 1994-95
53
30.915.40.66717.0
19.9
30.415.90.65716.619.5
Sandy Koufax, 1965-66
84
47.930.70.61019.5
24.2
44.334.30.56413.218.0


The comparison between Maddux and Koufax comes down to one of quality (Maddux) vs. quantity (Koufax). Maddux's winning percentage over his two-year stretch was 0.057 better than Koufax, but Koufax pitched in 31 more games than Maddux (246.2 more innings). If the 1994 and 1995 seasons had been full 162-game seasons (as the 1965 and 1966 Dodgers' had been), the quantity gap would have closed considerably - although not completely (Maddux would have had to start almost half of the lost Braves games and thrown 8 innings per start to catch up to Koufax's workload).

Blowing up Maddux's 1994-95 performance to 162-game equivalents, the comparison to Koufax looks like this.

Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
Greg Maddux, 1994-95
67
38.819.40.66721.3
25.0
38.220.00.65720.924.5
Sandy Koufax, 1965-66
84
47.930.70.61019.5
24.2
44.334.30.56413.218.0


The career record of Greg Maddux, as measured by Player won-lost records is shown next.

Greg Maddux
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1986CHN20
6
1.62.3-0.5
-0.2
1.72.2-0.20.0
1987CHN21
34
9.913.6-2.9
-1.6
10.213.3-2.2-0.9
1988CHN22
37
17.212.55.7
7.4
15.813.93.04.7
1989CHN23
35
16.014.03.0
4.8
15.714.32.64.4
1990CHN24
35
15.614.91.7
3.5
16.414.13.85.6
1991CHN25
39
15.714.12.7
4.3
15.514.22.54.1
1992CHN26
35
17.512.36.3
8.0
17.412.46.48.2
1993ATL27
36
17.913.55.4
7.1
17.813.65.57.3
1994ATL28
25
14.48.17.0
8.4
14.58.07.48.8
1995ATL29
28
16.57.410.0
11.4
16.07.99.210.7
1996ATL30
35
16.211.75.6
7.4
17.310.77.99.6
1997ATL31
33
14.29.26.0
7.4
14.49.16.47.8
1998ATL32
34
17.012.06.2
8.0
17.611.47.49.2
1999ATL33
33
15.812.93.7
5.4
15.613.13.55.2
2000ATL34
35
17.012.36.0
7.8
16.612.65.37.1
2001ATL35
35
16.011.75.6
7.3
15.812.05.26.9
2002ATL36
35
13.610.14.3
5.9
13.010.63.44.9
2003ATL37
37
13.414.00.4
2.1
14.013.31.93.7
2004CHN38
34
14.613.12.5
4.2
14.613.12.74.4
2005CHN39
35
12.414.8-1.2
0.3
13.413.80.72.3
2006CHN40
34
13.312.42.1
3.6
13.412.32.43.8
2007SDN41
35
11.711.31.4
2.8
11.511.51.12.6
2008LAN42
34
10.113.8-2.8
-1.3
11.112.8-0.80.7
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
759
327.5272.078.2
114.1
329.3270.285.1120.9
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
37
12.512.5 2.413.711.3 4.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
796
339.9284.5
116.5
343.0281.5 125.7


Jeff Bagwell
Measured by rate stats, the 1994 season was easily the finest season of Jeff Bagwell's excellent career. He had career highs in batting average (.368), on-base percentage (.451), and slugging percentage (.750). He led the National League in both runs scored and runs batted in and had only 8 home runs fewer than his career high in 49 fewer games.

The 1994 season was not the best in Jeff Bagwell's career in terms of Player wins over either positional average or replacement level, however, because of the aforementioned strike that wiped out 47 Astros games.

It is tempting to wonder about what Jeff Bagwell's 1994 season might have looked like were it not for the players' strike. Except that, it turns out we know exactly what Jeff Bagwell's 1994 season would have looked like: it would have looked the exact same. Jeff Bagwell suffered a season-ending wrist injury two days before the players struck. In fact, had it not been for the strike, Bagwell would have almost certainly not led the National League in either runs or RBI and he probably wouldn't have won what ended up being his only MVP award.

The career record of Jeff Bagwell, as measured by Player won-lost records is shown next.

Jeff Bagwell
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1991HOU23
156
17.515.90.2
1.7
17.915.51.12.6
1992HOU24
162
22.916.74.6
6.4
21.817.82.34.1
1993HOU25
142
17.014.01.4
3.0
17.613.52.64.1
1994HOU26
110
17.09.85.9
7.2
17.29.66.37.6
1995HOU27
114
15.210.73.1
4.4
15.110.82.84.1
1996HOU28
162
22.914.96.4
8.1
22.315.55.06.8
1997HOU29
162
22.014.65.1
6.9
22.614.06.38.1
1998HOU30
147
19.513.14.7
6.3
19.013.63.55.1
1999HOU31
162
22.614.16.9
8.7
21.615.14.76.5
2000HOU32
159
18.715.61.0
2.6
19.914.43.45.0
2001HOU33
161
22.414.06.6
8.5
21.115.33.95.8
2002HOU34
158
20.015.52.5
4.3
20.115.42.64.5
2003HOU35
160
18.616.00.9
2.6
18.715.91.12.8
2004HOU36
156
16.614.21.1
2.6
16.714.11.12.7
2005HOU37
39
3.03.0-0.1
0.2
3.12.90.00.3
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,150
276.1202.050.2
73.6
274.7203.446.870.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
33
2.53.3 -0.82.93.0 -0.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
2,183
278.7205.3
72.8
277.6206.4 70.0


Paul O'Neill
Perhaps the most surprising name in the top 5 in pWins over either positional average or replement level in the first two tables of this article was New York Yankees rightfielder Paul O'Neill. O'Neill does not, however, appear in either of the above tables when measured using (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins. As I noted above, this means that Paul O'Neill was somewhat more valuable "in context" than out of context.

The career record of Paul O'Neill, as measured by Player won-lost records is shown next.

Paul O'Neill
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1985CIN22
5
0.30.5-0.2
-0.1
0.40.40.10.1
1986CIN23
3
0.00.1-0.1
-0.1
0.10.1-0.0-0.0
1987CIN24
82
5.14.60.3
0.8
5.04.70.30.8
1988CIN25
145
16.714.80.6
2.2
16.415.2-0.01.5
1989CIN26
117
16.114.11.1
2.5
16.413.81.93.3
1990CIN27
145
18.616.01.7
3.3
17.517.1-0.51.0
1991CIN28
152
18.815.91.7
3.3
18.616.11.32.9
1992CIN29
147
15.814.70.5
1.9
15.415.1-0.11.3
1993NYA30
141
17.214.02.8
4.4
16.814.42.13.7
1994NYA31
103
15.610.05.3
6.6
14.710.83.44.7
1995NYA32
127
18.614.53.2
4.9
17.615.51.33.0
1996NYA33
150
20.615.24.6
6.3
18.417.30.31.9
1997NYA34
149
20.815.64.2
5.9
19.916.52.34.0
1998NYA35
152
21.215.94.3
6.2
20.017.11.73.6
1999NYA36
153
20.919.00.6
2.5
20.119.8-1.00.9
2000NYA37
142
18.018.6-1.4
0.3
17.718.8-1.9-0.2
2001NYA38
137
16.815.60.3
2.0
16.515.9-0.41.4
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,050
261.1219.129.5
52.7
251.7228.510.934.1
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
85
11.87.9 4.310.59.2 1.7
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
2,135
272.9227.0
57.1
262.2237.7 35.8


As the above table shows, the fact that Paul O'Neill looked better in context than out of context in 1994 was typical of his career.

Paul O'Neill played for five World Series winners in his career. In fact, O'Neill played 140 or more games 10 times in his career; in half of those seasons, his team won the World Series.

So, was Paul O'Neill a "winner"? Well, as a factual statement, obviously, he was, insofar as he played on lots of winning teams. But did he bring some sort of intangible "winning" to these teams? Most sabermetric observers would scoff at the notion. But honestly, looking here, I think there might be something to this. In his second full season as a Reds regular, his team led from wire-to-wire and swept the heavily favored Oakland A's in the World Series. When he arrived in New York, the Yankees were finishing up one of the least-productive decades in their history. O'Neill's first Yankee team, in 1993, had their first winning record since 1988. By his second season, the 1994 Yankees were leading the AL East when the strike ended the season.

And as the above table shows, O'Neill turned his game up once his team got to the postseason, so that he was a key reason why they won those five World Series.

By tying pWins to team wins, Player won-lost records are illuminating, I think, and suggest that, in the case of Paul O'Neill, there might be something there: Paul O'Neill was a winner.

The 1994 Postseason That Could Have Been

The 1994 postseason was cancelled because of the Player strike that started on August 12, 1994, and wasn't resolved until April 2, 1995. So, instead of a section looking at the best players of the (non-existent) 1994 postseason, let's look at the team which finished with the best regular-season record in 1994, the Montreal Expos.

1994 Montreal Expos

The first table below presents the performance of the players on the 1994 Montreal Expos, as measured by Player won-lost records, ranked by pWins over replacement level.

1994 Montreal Expos
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Player Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Wil Cordero
110
15.511.84.2
5.6
14.512.82.23.6
Moises Alou
107
15.911.24.0
5.3
15.012.12.13.5
Marquis Grissom
110
15.912.03.6
5.0
14.913.01.63.0
Larry Walker
103
16.011.43.5
4.9
15.611.72.74.1
Ken Hill
24
10.07.83.0
4.0
9.48.41.72.8
Mel Rojas
58
6.54.02.5
3.5
5.64.80.81.8
Darrin Fletcher
93
8.56.22.6
3.3
7.47.40.31.0
Pedro J. Martinez
24
9.68.02.2
3.3
9.48.11.93.0
Butch Henry
24
6.94.92.4
3.1
6.85.12.12.8
Jeff Fassero
21
9.08.21.4
2.5
9.28.01.82.9
John Wetteland
52
5.74.31.4
2.3
5.64.41.32.3
Mike Lansing
106
12.211.21.0
2.2
11.911.60.41.6
Tim Scott
40
2.31.40.9
1.2
2.01.70.30.7
Lenny Webster
57
4.33.60.7
1.2
4.23.70.61.0
Gil Heredia
39
4.23.90.3
1.0
4.33.80.61.3
Sean Berry
103
9.49.10.1
1.0
9.29.2-0.20.8
Lou Frazier
76
4.84.10.5
1.0
4.34.7-0.6-0.1
Juan Bell
38
2.82.20.6
0.9
2.62.40.20.5
Jeff Shaw
46
2.62.30.4
0.8
2.52.50.10.6
Rondell White
40
3.02.40.5
0.8
2.92.50.20.5
Kirk Rueter
20
5.15.40.1
0.7
4.95.5-0.30.4
Cliff Floyd
100
9.18.4-0.2
0.7
8.59.0-1.5-0.6
Randy Milligan
46
2.92.40.3
0.6
2.62.7-0.3-0.0
Tim Spehr
52
0.80.60.2
0.3
0.70.70.00.1
Gabe White
7
1.51.50.1
0.3
1.31.6-0.3-0.1
Heath Haynes
4
0.10.10.0
0.0
0.10.1-0.00.0
Joey Eischen
1
0.00.0-0.0
-0.0
0.00.0-0.0-0.0
Rod Henderson
3
0.40.6-0.1
-0.0
0.40.7-0.3-0.2
Brian Looney
1
0.00.2-0.1
-0.1
0.00.1-0.1-0.1
Jeff Gardner
18
0.60.9-0.3
-0.2
0.60.9-0.3-0.2
Denis Boucher
10
0.91.4-0.5
-0.3
0.91.4-0.5-0.4
Freddie Benavides
47
1.62.6-1.0
-0.8
1.72.5-0.7-0.5
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
TOTAL (reg. season)
162
188.0154.034.1
54.0
178.7163.315.835.8


Like all good teams, the 1994 Expos included some players having the best season of their careers. But the 1994 Expos had a core of extremely talented players who put up extremely impressive careers. The next table presents the career records of the players on the 1994 Montreal Expos, as measured by Player won-lost records, ranked by career pWins over replacement level.

Career Records of 1994 Montreal Expos
Sorted by Career pWORL
Player Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Pedro J. Martinez
476
192.5137.962.4
83.9
191.7138.761.482.9
Larry Walker
1984
269.5214.839.6
63.3
269.3215.039.363.0
Moises Alou
1941
258.8223.420.6
44.1
256.5225.716.439.9
Marquis Grissom
2164
265.1245.113.2
38.0
256.2254.0-4.620.2
John Wetteland
618
71.447.823.1
34.5
65.553.711.923.3
Kirk Rueter
349
117.4116.89.7
24.0
112.9121.31.615.8
Jeff Shaw
633
55.344.710.0
19.7
51.448.62.612.2
Ken Hill
334
118.8119.64.2
19.2
117.2121.21.616.6
Cliff Floyd
1617
181.6170.00.9
18.6
184.0167.66.223.9
Jeff Fassero
720
118.6120.91.1
18.5
121.5118.07.424.8
Mel Rojas
525
44.135.58.2
16.0
41.338.33.211.0
Rondell White
1472
169.0162.8-1.2
15.6
170.6161.32.018.8
Wil Cordero
1247
131.3128.50.4
13.4
127.9131.9-6.46.6
Darrin Fletcher
1241
94.198.71.0
10.6
93.499.4-0.49.2
Mike Lansing
1110
124.2128.7-2.0
10.4
123.5129.4-3.19.3
Randy Milligan
702
66.858.14.1
10.1
66.658.43.69.6
Sean Berry
858
76.171.82.4
9.7
74.573.4-0.56.9
Gabe White
472
28.024.63.2
8.3
26.825.81.16.1
Gil Heredia
267
50.452.4-0.8
6.4
52.550.33.610.8
Butch Henry
148
35.937.8-0.1
4.6
36.537.31.26.0
Lenny Webster
586
35.037.4-0.4
3.2
35.137.3-0.13.5
Tim Scott
276
14.013.90.0
2.8
13.514.5-1.01.8
Lou Frazier
308
17.616.30.7
2.5
16.417.5-1.60.1
Tim Spehr
363
12.813.6-0.1
1.2
12.713.7-0.31.0
Juan Bell
329
24.427.4-2.1
0.4
24.627.3-1.70.8
Joey Eischen
327
10.612.7-2.3
0.2
11.511.8-0.42.0
Heath Haynes
4
0.10.10.0
0.0
0.10.1-0.00.0
Rod Henderson
5
0.50.7-0.2
-0.1
0.40.7-0.3-0.3
Brian Looney
7
0.51.1-0.6
-0.4
0.51.1-0.6-0.4
Freddie Benavides
219
14.317.0-2.3
-0.8
14.217.1-2.4-0.9
Denis Boucher
35
7.710.3-2.5
-1.3
7.210.8-3.3-2.2
Jeff Gardner
185
12.817.5-4.4
-2.9
14.316.0-1.50.0


The top player on the list, Pedro Martinez, won three Cy Young awards, with serious consideration in at least three other seasons, and was elected to the Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. The top position player on the list, Larry Walker, won the 1997 National League MVP award and was elected to Baseball Think Factory's Hall of Merit in its 2011 election (Walker's first year of eligibility). And below those two are several other players who had very good major-league careers: Moises Alou batted .303 in over 7,000 career at-bats; Marquis Grissom made two All-Star teams, won three Gold Gloves, and received MVP votes in four seasons (including 1994); Kirk Reuter earned 130 pitching wins in his career and pitched almost 2,000 innings; John Wetteland is 15th all-time in career saves with 330.

Not only did the Montreal Expos have the best record in baseball in 1994, but, according to Baseball-Reference, they had the youngest average age for both batters and pitchers of any team in 1994.

The final table of this section, then, shows the career records of the members of the 1994 Montreal Expos, after 1994, again, ranked by pWins over replacement level.

Post-1994 Career Records of 1994 Montreal Expos
Player Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Pedro J. Martinez
385
175.4124.058.5
77.8
174.9124.658.177.3
Larry Walker
1312
177.5143.523.3
39.3
179.5141.627.543.4
Moises Alou
1568
213.5185.415.5
35.0
211.3187.611.631.0
John Wetteland
370
40.723.117.0
23.5
36.127.77.914.4
Jeff Shaw
489
44.429.913.9
21.5
39.934.45.212.8
Kirk Rueter
315
106.2107.17.5
20.4
102.5110.81.013.9
Marquis Grissom
1467
172.7167.71.2
18.0
166.7173.6-10.76.0
Cliff Floyd
1507
171.8161.01.1
17.8
175.0157.88.024.7
Rondell White
1410
163.4158.3-2.0
14.2
165.3156.32.018.3
Jeff Fassero
522
92.697.9-2.7
11.1
94.795.81.615.4
Gabe White
465
26.523.23.1
8.0
25.524.11.36.2
Ken Hill
164
58.159.2-0.1
7.7
57.559.8-1.16.7
Mel Rojas
273
22.319.72.4
6.6
21.620.41.15.3
Mike Lansing
863
96.1102.0-3.4
6.2
95.7102.3-4.05.6
Sean Berry
570
52.049.31.1
6.1
51.250.2-0.54.5
Darrin Fletcher
871
67.172.7-1.0
6.0
68.371.51.48.4
Gil Heredia
181
39.340.6-0.6
5.0
41.138.83.28.8
Wil Cordero
954
96.098.3-5.9
3.9
94.999.5-8.21.6
Butch Henry
66
14.413.21.7
3.6
14.413.21.83.8
Tim Scott
144
7.77.7-0.0
1.5
7.38.0-0.60.9
Lenny Webster
393
24.227.1-1.4
1.1
24.426.8-0.91.6
Lou Frazier
121
6.56.8-0.5
0.2
6.37.1-0.9-0.3
Joey Eischen
326
10.612.7-2.3
0.2
11.511.8-0.42.0
Juan Bell
17
0.80.9-0.1
-0.0
0.71.0-0.3-0.2
Tim Spehr
221
7.68.9-0.9
-0.0
7.88.7-0.40.4
Rod Henderson
2
0.00.1-0.1
-0.1
0.00.1-0.0-0.0
Brian Looney
3
0.30.8-0.6
-0.5
0.30.8-0.5-0.4


It's been said before and it will be said again, but it's a damn shame what happened to the Montreal Expos.

Notable Debuts
No players who debuted in 1994 have made the Hall of Fame yet, in part because the player with the best statistical career who debuted in 1994 has not appeared on a Hall-of-Fame ballot yet. There is no question that Alex Rodriguez has the statistical record to merit his Hall-of-Fame induction. There are, however, other reasons why his eventual election is not guaranteed.

Alex Rodriguez's career record, as measured by Player won-lost records, is presented below.

Alex Rodriguez
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1994SEA18
17
0.92.0-1.0
-0.9
1.11.8-0.6-0.4
1995SEA19
48
3.84.2-0.1
0.3
3.74.3-0.30.1
1996SEA20
146
22.516.96.6
8.5
23.216.28.19.9
1997SEA21
141
20.017.24.0
5.7
19.517.63.25.0
1998SEA22
161
23.720.44.6
6.8
24.220.05.47.6
1999SEA23
129
18.316.42.7
4.4
18.915.83.95.5
2000SEA24
148
23.515.19.3
11.1
22.615.97.69.4
2001TEX25
162
22.817.66.1
8.2
23.916.58.210.3
2002TEX26
162
21.818.44.2
6.3
22.917.36.38.3
2003TEX27
161
21.218.33.7
5.6
22.217.35.67.5
2004NYA28
155
21.115.45.3
7.1
20.116.53.15.0
2005NYA29
162
25.517.28.2
10.1
24.618.16.48.3
2006NYA30
154
20.517.03.1
4.8
20.317.22.74.4
2007NYA31
158
25.316.28.8
10.6
24.417.17.18.9
2008NYA32
138
18.215.92.1
3.7
19.015.03.85.3
2009NYA33
124
17.713.04.7
6.2
17.113.63.65.0
2010NYA34
137
18.814.34.4
6.0
17.815.32.64.2
2011NYA35
99
12.09.92.4
3.5
11.710.21.82.9
2012NYA36
122
13.012.10.6
2.0
13.112.00.92.3
2013NYA37
44
4.54.30.2
0.7
4.44.30.10.5
2015NYA39
151
14.411.52.3
4.1
14.211.71.93.7
2016NYA40
65
4.45.4-1.2
-0.5
4.35.5-1.4-0.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,784
373.6298.580.8
114.1
373.1299.179.6113.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
76
9.08.3 1.69.18.2 1.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
2,860
382.6306.9
115.6
382.2307.3 114.8


Farewell Seasons
Finally, the 1994 season was the final season for two Hall-of-Famers: Goose Gossage, and Jack Morris. The next table compares their careers, as measured by Player won-lost records.

Rich Gossage Jack Morris
Season Games pWins pLoss pWOPA pWORL Games pWins pLoss pWOPA pWORL
1972364.44.20.4
1.2
1973211.83.9-2.1
-1.6
1974393.75.2-1.5
-0.8
19756212.16.95.1
7.1
19763112.813.9-1.1
0.5
19777211.17.33.6
5.3
71.72.1-0.4-0.1
19786310.38.41.9
3.6
283.94.6-0.8-0.1
1979364.22.91.2
1.9
2811.39.02.33.6
1980649.04.54.3
5.6
4414.612.52.33.9
1981324.72.42.3
3.0
2511.39.42.03.4
1982568.74.83.4
4.7
3716.216.8-0.21.8
1983578.86.22.3
3.7
4415.714.91.13.0
1984629.45.93.4
4.8
3515.413.42.23.9
1985507.23.23.9
5.0
3616.611.94.96.7
1986456.76.60.1
1.3
3516.913.13.85.7
1987404.03.30.5
1.2
3616.713.93.25.0
1988463.03.7-0.7
-0.1
3414.414.10.42.2
1989421.52.0-0.6
-0.3
248.812.1-3.1-1.8
1990
 
3613.216.3-2.9-1.1
1991442.02.6-0.7
-0.3
3515.314.60.82.7
1992301.51.6-0.1
0.2
3414.510.93.75.5
1993392.22.10.0
0.4
278.511.4-2.8-1.6
1994361.40.80.7
0.9
238.08.1-0.11.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS1,003130.4102.326.2
47.3
568222.9209.216.443.6


Article last updated: December 1, 2019

Wins over positional average and replacement level are calculated using data only for the 1994 season. Positional averages for starting pitching and relief pitching are calculated using single-year data for all starting pitchers and all relief pitchers.

All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

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