Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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Larry Doby

Hall-of-Famers as Seen Through Player Won-Lost Records: Larry Doby

Larry Doby was elected to the Hall of Fame by the Veterans' Committee in 1998.

The first table below presents Larry Doby's career as measured by Player won-lost records.

Larry Doby
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1947CLE23
27
0.61.00.365-0.2
-0.1
0.61.00.376-0.2-0.1
1948CLE24
120
16.414.00.5390.6
1.9
15.713.30.5410.61.8
1949CLE25
147
22.017.60.5561.7
3.3
21.117.00.5541.53.1
1950CLE26
142
21.614.60.5973.0
4.5
20.214.40.5842.53.8
1951CLE27
134
19.115.20.5571.6
3.0
19.114.20.5742.13.4
1952CLE28
140
21.715.10.5902.9
4.4
21.315.10.5852.84.2
1953CLE29
149
21.615.90.5772.3
3.9
19.915.00.5701.93.4
1954CLE30
153
26.915.30.6384.9
6.6
21.216.30.5641.63.1
1955CLE31
131
17.714.60.5490.9
2.3
17.814.60.5491.02.3
1956CHA32
140
18.816.70.5290.5
1.9
19.317.20.5280.41.9
1957CHA33
119
16.114.10.5330.5
1.7
14.312.40.5340.51.6
1958CLE34
88
9.38.20.5300.2
0.9
8.57.70.5260.20.8
35
39
2.73.90.413-0.7
-0.4
3.14.80.393-1.0-0.7
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
1,529
214.4166.00.56418.3
33.8
202.1163.10.55313.928.7
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
10
1.21.30.468 -0.01.11.20.497 0.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
1,539
215.6167.30.564
33.7
203.3164.30.553 28.7


Larry Doby is probably most famous as the first American League player to break the color barrier on July 5, 1947. Despite his pioneer status, Larry Doby was not elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame until almost 40 years after his last game.

Even setting aside Doby's pioneer status (for which I absolutely think he deserves extra Hall-of-Fame credit), I think this is unfair. In contrast, Doby was elected to the Hall of Merit in his first year of eligibility ("1965").

In another article, I looked at the best players of the 1950's, as measured by Player won-lost records. Two tables from that article are repeated here.

The first table shows the top 25 players of the 1950's as measured by pWins over either positional average or replacement level.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 25 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 25 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Mickey Mantle196.8125.030.6
43.6
1Mickey Mantle196.8125.030.6
43.6
2Yogi Berra169.3121.025.6
37.3
2Warren Spahn190.4154.025.4
40.2
3Warren Spahn190.4154.025.4
40.2
3Yogi Berra169.3121.025.6
37.3
4Duke Snider198.5143.921.6
35.5
4Robin Roberts197.8169.521.4
37.2
5Robin Roberts197.8169.521.4
37.2
5Duke Snider198.5143.921.6
35.5
6Eddie Mathews168.3121.620.4
32.1
6Early Wynn180.9154.620.0
34.4
7Early Wynn180.9154.620.0
34.4
7Eddie Mathews168.3121.620.4
32.1
8Billy Pierce162.6136.119.1
32.0
8Billy Pierce162.6136.119.1
32.0
9Willie Mays170.3122.918.7
30.5
9Willie Mays170.3122.918.7
30.5
10Jackie Robinson130.491.818.3
27.3
10Minnie Minoso206.1160.515.4
30.2
11Pee Wee Reese157.7126.718.2
29.7
11Pee Wee Reese157.7126.718.2
29.7
12Gil Hodges176.4129.617.3
29.6
12Gil Hodges176.4129.617.3
29.6
13Gil McDougald157.2125.416.7
28.1
13Stan Musial194.6152.015.0
29.0
14Al Rosen143.5104.016.4
26.4
14Larry Doby175.4133.416.2
28.7
15Larry Doby175.4133.416.2
28.7
15Nellie Fox200.2179.113.4
28.6
16E. Mike Garcia132.3109.015.9
26.7
16Gil McDougald157.2125.416.7
28.1
17Roy Campanella108.879.415.7
23.4
17Jackie Robinson130.491.818.3
27.3
18Whitey Ford105.982.015.7
23.8
18Bob Lemon141.7120.815.6
27.3
19Bob Lemon141.7120.815.6
27.3
19E. Mike Garcia132.3109.015.9
26.7
20Minnie Minoso206.1160.515.4
30.2
20Al Rosen143.5104.016.4
26.4
21Stan Musial194.6152.015.0
29.0
21Ted Williams147.4108.114.3
24.7
22Ted Williams147.4108.114.3
24.7
22Bobby Avila160.2139.712.3
24.5
23Hank Aaron139.0103.513.4
23.2
23Whitey Ford105.982.015.7
23.8
24Nellie Fox200.2179.113.4
28.6
24Roy Campanella108.879.415.7
23.4
25Ernie Banks134.2113.713.0
23.0
25Carl Furillo166.2136.411.0
23.3


The second shows the top 10 centerfielders of the 1950's, as measured by (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) wins over positional average earned as a centerfielder.

Center Field
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Mickey Mantle173.1115.50.60023.8
2Duke Snider189.9143.40.57017.8
3Willie Mays164.8124.00.57115.5
4Larry Doby158.9126.70.55611.6
5Stan Musial18.714.40.5651.8
6Al Kaline23.018.20.5581.7
7Joe DiMaggio33.629.60.5321.3
8Frank Robinson13.610.30.5681.2
9Andy Pafko30.426.70.5321.1
10Sam Jethroe57.453.20.5190.9


The most striking thing to me about that second table is the dropoff after Doby. There were essentially four elite centerfielders for most of the 1950's (and three inner-circle Hall-of-Famers who played a bit of centerfield during the decade), of whom only Doby played his home games outside of New York.

If one were forced to associate Larry Doby's career with a decade, meaning a set of years with the same first three digits, he obviously fits best in the 1950's. But Doby was an above-average regular for the last two years of the 1940's and played only 127 games over the last two seasons of the 1950's. Expanding one's standard for a "decade" to be any consecutive ten-year period, Doby's best stretch was 1948 - 1957.

The next table, then, shows the top 10 players in pWOPA and pWORL over the 10-year period from 1948 through 1957.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Jackie Robinson177.5124.125.8
38.0
1Warren Spahn191.5153.725.6
40.4
2Mickey Mantle153.594.025.8
35.9
2Stan Musial225.1166.322.4
38.2
3Warren Spahn191.5153.725.6
40.4
3Jackie Robinson177.5124.125.8
38.0
4Yogi Berra166.5118.225.3
36.9
4Pee Wee Reese197.0156.123.6
37.9
5Duke Snider198.8140.123.9
37.7
5Duke Snider198.8140.123.9
37.7
6Pee Wee Reese197.0156.123.6
37.9
6Bob Lemon181.9149.822.6
37.1
7Bob Lemon181.9149.822.6
37.1
7Yogi Berra166.5118.225.3
36.9
8Stan Musial225.1166.322.4
38.2
8Mickey Mantle153.594.025.8
35.9
9Ted Williams171.3116.421.1
32.8
9Robin Roberts185.7160.419.1
34.2
10E. Mike Garcia141.0111.619.2
30.4
10Larry Doby201.8152.919.0
33.3


Everybody listed in the above table is in the Hall of Fame, all of them deservedly so (in my opinion).



All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

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