Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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Larry Doby

Hall-of-Famers as Seen Through Player Won-Lost Records: Larry Doby

Larry Doby was elected to the Hall of Fame by the Veterans' Committee in 1998.

Five highlights of Larry Doby's career: The first two tables below present Larry Doby's career as measured by Player won-lost records, in and out of context.

Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWORL pWOPA
1947CLE23
28
0.61.0-0.3-0.3
1948CLE24
120
16.713.83.52.0
1949CLE25
147
22.217.46.03.9
1950CLE26
142
21.614.48.46.5
1951CLE27
134
19.214.85.43.7
1952CLE28
140
21.914.88.36.4
1953CLE29
149
21.715.77.25.2
1954CLE30
153
27.015.113.110.8
1955CLE31
131
17.814.44.12.5
1956CHA32
140
18.916.43.41.6
1957CHA33
119
16.113.92.81.3
1958CLE34
88
9.38.11.60.7
35
39
2.83.8-1.0-1.3
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
1,530
215.7163.562.642.8
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
10
1.21.3-0.1-0.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
1,540
216.9164.862.542.6


Expected Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games eWins eLosses eWORL eWOPA
1947CLE23
28
0.60.9-0.3-0.4
1948CLE24
120
16.514.03.11.6
1949CLE25
147
21.917.75.33.2
1950CLE26
142
21.014.97.25.3
1951CLE27
134
19.614.46.34.6
1952CLE28
140
21.415.37.55.5
1953CLE29
149
21.316.06.54.4
1954CLE30
153
23.718.36.44.1
1955CLE31
131
17.714.53.82.2
1956CHA32
140
18.716.63.01.2
1957CHA33
119
16.114.02.91.3
1958CLE34
88
9.28.31.30.5
35
39
2.64.0-0.7-1.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
1,530
210.2168.952.332.5
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
10
1.21.30.0-0.1
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
1,540
211.5170.252.332.4


Larry Doby is probably most famous as the first American League player to break the color barrier on July 5, 1947. Despite his pioneer status, Larry Doby was not elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame until almost 40 years after his last game.

Even setting aside Doby's pioneer status (for which I absolutely think he deserves extra Hall-of-Fame credit), I think this is unfair. In contrast, Doby was elected to the Hall of Merit in his first year of eligibility ("1965").

The next table shows the top 25 players of the 1950's as measured by pWins over either positional average or replacement level.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 25 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 25 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Mickey Mantle198.4123.068.2
84.8
1Mickey Mantle198.4123.068.2
84.8
2Yogi Berra169.7121.251.1
66.2
2Duke Snider199.5142.348.5
66.3
3Duke Snider199.5142.348.5
66.3
3Yogi Berra169.7121.251.1
66.2
4Warren Spahn189.0154.743.9
64.8
4Warren Spahn189.0154.743.9
64.8
5Willie Mays172.1121.143.7
58.7
5Robin Roberts196.3170.636.8
59.0
6Eddie Mathews168.3122.940.9
55.9
6Willie Mays172.1121.143.7
58.7
7Larry Doby176.2131.337.3
53.4
7Eddie Mathews168.3122.940.9
55.9
8Minnie Minoso208.1158.936.8
55.7
8Minnie Minoso208.1158.936.8
55.7
9Robin Roberts196.3170.636.8
59.0
9Early Wynn180.1155.234.2
54.5
10Gil Hodges177.8129.536.4
52.3
10Larry Doby176.2131.337.3
53.4
11Jackie Robinson130.192.136.4
48.0
11Gil Hodges177.8129.536.4
52.3
12Pee Wee Reese157.2126.934.5
49.3
12Billy Pierce161.9136.833.7
52.0
13Early Wynn180.1155.234.2
54.5
13Stan Musial196.0151.232.7
50.7
14Al Rosen143.8104.734.2
47.2
14Pee Wee Reese157.2126.934.5
49.3
15Billy Pierce161.9136.833.7
52.0
15Jackie Robinson130.192.136.4
48.0
16Ted Williams148.2106.833.5
46.7
16Al Rosen143.8104.734.2
47.2
17Stan Musial196.0151.232.7
50.7
17Ted Williams148.2106.833.5
46.7
18Roy Campanella109.479.332.1
42.0
18Gil McDougald156.5126.231.3
45.9
19Gil McDougald156.5126.231.3
45.9
19E. Mike Garcia131.4109.028.6
43.8
20Hank Aaron140.5102.530.5
42.9
20Bob Lemon141.1121.026.9
43.1
21E. Mike Garcia131.4109.028.6
43.8
21Hank Aaron140.5102.530.5
42.9
22Whitey Ford105.681.928.4
40.0
22Roy Campanella109.479.332.1
42.0
23Bob Lemon141.1121.026.9
43.1
23Nellie Fox197.7180.121.9
41.4
24Carl Furillo168.8134.625.5
41.2
24Carl Furillo168.8134.625.5
41.2
25Ernie Banks133.8114.223.6
36.3
25Whitey Ford105.681.928.4
40.0


The second shows the top 10 centerfielders of the 1950's, as measured by (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) wins over positional average earned as a centerfielder.

Center Field
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Mickey Mantle174.5116.20.60051.3
2Duke Snider182.4137.90.56936.0
3Willie Mays167.0125.40.57134.1
4Larry Doby165.0130.90.55826.4
5Al Kaline24.019.10.5583.8
6Stan Musial18.814.50.5643.5
7Frank Robinson13.810.40.5692.7
8Joe DiMaggio34.430.30.5322.6
9Andy Pafko31.327.50.5332.5
10Jackie Jensen22.319.20.5382.0


The most striking thing to me about that second table is the dropoff after Doby. There were essentially four elite center fielders for most of the 1950's (and four first-ballot Hall-of-Famers who played a bit of center field during the decade), of whom only Doby played his home games outside of New York.

If one were forced to associate Larry Doby's career with a decade, meaning a set of years with the same first three digits, he obviously fits best in the 1950's. But Doby was an above-average regular for the last two years of the 1940's and played only 127 games over the last two seasons of the 1950's. Expanding one's standard for a "decade" to be any consecutive ten-year period, Doby's best stretch was 1948 - 1957.

The next table, then, shows the top 10 players in pWOPA and pWORL over the 10-year period from 1948 through 1957.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Mickey Mantle155.092.457.3
70.2
1Duke Snider199.8138.852.7
70.3
2Duke Snider199.8138.852.7
70.3
2Mickey Mantle155.092.457.3
70.2
3Jackie Robinson177.0124.551.0
66.8
3Stan Musial226.9165.649.0
69.4
4Yogi Berra167.0118.550.9
65.9
4Jackie Robinson177.0124.551.0
66.8
5Ted Williams172.7114.949.1
64.1
5Warren Spahn190.0154.544.9
66.0
6Stan Musial226.9165.649.0
69.4
6Yogi Berra167.0118.550.9
65.9
7Pee Wee Reese196.4156.645.0
63.4
7Ted Williams172.7114.949.1
64.1
8Warren Spahn190.0154.544.9
66.0
8Pee Wee Reese196.4156.645.0
63.4
9Larry Doby203.1150.643.8
62.3
9Larry Doby203.1150.643.8
62.3
10Bob Lemon180.9150.239.1
59.6
10Bob Lemon180.9150.239.1
59.6


Everybody listed in the above table is in the Hall of Fame, all of them deservedly so (in my opinion).

Article last updated: May 8, 2020



All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

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