Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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The 1990s as seen through the Prism of Player Won-Lost Records


I have now written articles on every season of the 1990s. This article looks at the decade of the 1990s.

Unlike in the seasonal articles, where I intersperse tables with writing, here I'm going to present a set of tables first with no commentary (beyond simple explanation of what I'm showing), and then I will conclude the article with some commentary on some of the players who show up in one or more of the preceding tables and seem interesting to me.

Incidentally, almost all of the tables here can be reproduced on my leaders page, where you can look at leaders over any set of (consecutive) seasons for which I have calculated Player won-lost records (1921 - 2017). For example, the top 25 players in pWOPA and pWORL from 1964 through 1995 can be found here. But for now, back to the 1990s.

The Best of the 1990s

I calculate Player won-lost records two ways: pWins, which tie to team wins and eWins, which control for context and the ability of one's teammates. For players with more pWins than eWins, their Player wins contributed to more team wins than one might expect; for players with more eWins than pWins, just the opposite is true: their Player wins translated into fewer team wins than expected. Or more briefly: a player with more pWins than eWins was better in context, a player with more eWins than pWins was worse in context.

The top 25 players in pWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 25 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 25 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Barry Bonds231.5155.731.8
47.0
1Barry Bonds231.5155.731.8
47.0
2Greg Maddux161.6115.730.5
43.7
2Greg Maddux161.6115.730.5
43.7
3Roger Clemens141.999.723.2
36.2
3Roger Clemens141.999.723.2
36.2
4Tom Glavine145.9118.021.2
33.8
4Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson143.7108.020.8
33.9
5Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson143.7108.020.8
33.9
5Tom Glavine145.9118.021.2
33.8
6Barry Larkin185.5151.820.3
33.5
6Barry Larkin185.5151.820.3
33.5
7J. Kevin Brown138.5108.918.9
31.5
7Craig Biggio208.0176.216.8
31.9
8David Cone130.5102.317.6
29.5
8J. Kevin Brown138.5108.918.9
31.5
9Mike Mussina111.580.617.3
27.7
9Roberto Alomar195.0169.015.9
30.2
10Mike Piazza120.589.317.2
25.6
10Ken Griffey Jr.190.7157.316.2
30.0
11Jeff Bagwell176.4124.516.9
28.8
11John Smoltz144.1125.116.6
29.6
12Craig Biggio208.0176.216.8
31.9
12David Cone130.5102.317.6
29.5
13John Smoltz144.1125.116.6
29.6
13Frank E. Thomas162.0118.016.6
29.5
14Frank E. Thomas162.0118.016.6
29.5
14Jeff Bagwell176.4124.516.9
28.8
15Ken Griffey Jr.190.7157.316.2
30.0
15Mike Mussina111.580.617.3
27.7
16Roberto Alomar195.0169.015.9
30.2
16Edgar Martinez143.5112.313.5
26.7
17Pedro J. Martinez92.267.315.4
23.8
17Paul O'Neill186.3151.612.9
26.2
18Mark McGwire146.1104.115.3
25.2
18Mike Piazza120.589.317.2
25.6
19Edgar Martinez143.5112.313.5
26.7
19Mark McGwire146.1104.115.3
25.2
20Chipper Jones110.781.013.3
20.9
20Robin Ventura171.5146.012.6
25.1
21Kevin Appier116.293.313.1
24.4
21Cal Ripken183.0170.811.2
25.0
22David Justice157.2122.613.1
25.0
22David Justice157.2122.613.1
25.0
23Paul O'Neill186.3151.612.9
26.2
23Kevin Appier116.293.313.1
24.4
24Robin Ventura171.5146.012.6
25.1
24Chuck Knoblauch175.1159.211.2
24.4
25Rickey Henderson166.9138.311.3
23.7
25Matt D. Williams180.2153.311.3
24.3


The top 25 players in eWins above Positional Average and Replacement Level were as follows.

eWins over Positional Average
Top 25 Players
          eWins over Replacement Level
Top 25 Players
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL           Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Greg Maddux157.7110.530.9
43.7
1Barry Bonds223.9152.529.8
44.5
2Barry Bonds223.9152.529.8
44.5
2Greg Maddux157.7110.530.9
43.7
3Roger Clemens138.996.023.6
36.2
3Roger Clemens138.996.023.6
36.2
4Ken Griffey Jr.197.4154.620.8
34.8
4Ken Griffey Jr.197.4154.620.8
34.8
5J. Kevin Brown138.1105.220.4
32.9
5J. Kevin Brown138.1105.220.4
32.9
6Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson133.6103.117.9
30.3
6Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson133.6103.117.9
30.3
7Mark McGwire147.8100.817.8
27.6
7Frank E. Thomas161.9117.416.8
29.7
8Frank E. Thomas161.9117.416.8
29.7
8Craig Biggio205.3178.314.4
29.5
9Barry Larkin174.1147.716.5
29.1
9Tom Glavine142.0123.616.4
29.1
10Tom Glavine142.0123.616.4
29.1
10Barry Larkin174.1147.716.5
29.1
11John Smoltz138.0119.116.2
28.6
11John Smoltz138.0119.116.2
28.6
12Jeff Bagwell173.7124.015.9
27.7
12Edgar Martinez144.0110.214.8
27.9
13Mike Piazza115.086.215.9
24.0
13Roberto Alomar188.1165.914.0
27.9
14Mike Mussina110.183.615.1
25.6
14Jeff Bagwell173.7124.015.9
27.7
15Edgar Martinez144.0110.214.8
27.9
15Mark McGwire147.8100.817.8
27.6
16Craig Biggio205.3178.314.4
29.5
16David Cone128.1106.514.3
26.3
17David Cone128.1106.514.3
26.3
17Mike Mussina110.183.615.1
25.6
18Kevin Appier115.690.514.2
25.3
18Kevin Appier115.690.514.2
25.3
19Roberto Alomar188.1165.914.0
27.9
19Albert Belle182.9155.311.0
25.1
20Pedro J. Martinez86.464.213.9
21.9
20Rickey Henderson165.8135.912.1
24.3
21Rickey Henderson165.8135.912.1
24.3
21Larry Walker172.2136.911.8
24.0
22Larry Walker172.2136.911.8
24.0
22Mike Piazza115.086.215.9
24.0
23Albert Belle182.9155.311.0
25.1
23Cal Ripken177.7167.310.2
23.7
24Matt D. Williams169.5144.110.6
22.9
24Jay Bell191.0181.38.4
23.0
25Alex Rodriguez90.175.510.3
16.8
25Matt D. Williams169.5144.110.6
22.9


Top Postseason Performers of the 1990s

1990s Postseason Record: eWins
(sorted by eWORL)
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWORL
1Greg Maddux9.87.00.5842.7
2John Smoltz11.99.90.5472.7
3Tom Glavine10.79.50.5292.1
4J. Kevin Brown5.03.90.5611.2
5David Wells5.44.20.5601.2
6Derek Jeter6.35.30.5401.1
7Bernie Williams6.85.60.5471.1
8Paul O'Neill7.56.10.5531.1
9Roberto Alomar7.36.70.5211.0
10Chipper Jones7.86.80.5341.0


1990s Postseason Record: pWins
(sorted by pWORL)
pWins pLosses pWinPct pWORL
1John Smoltz10.68.50.5552.5
2Greg Maddux9.98.30.5442.2
3Paul O'Neill8.55.00.6292.1
4Mariano Rivera4.41.20.7881.9
5Bernie Williams7.44.80.6091.8
6Derek Jeter6.94.70.5971.8
7Tom Glavine10.510.30.5041.7
8Chuck Knoblauch6.03.70.6161.6
9David Wells5.23.30.6121.5
10Orlando Hernandez3.31.20.7251.3


World Series Performance
1990s World Series Performance: pWins
(sorted by pWORL)
pWins pLosses pWinPct pWORL
1Chuck Knoblauch3.11.40.6891.0
2Mariano Rivera1.60.40.7960.7
3Derek Jeter2.21.50.6060.6
4Paul O'Neill2.61.70.6130.6
5Joe Carter1.91.00.6610.6
6David Justice3.72.90.5620.6
7Paul Molitor1.20.30.8090.6
8Scott Brosius1.40.50.7480.5
9Tom Glavine3.33.20.5060.5
10David Cone1.91.20.6080.5


League Championship Series Performance
1990s LCS Performance: pWins
(sorted by pWORL)
pWins pLosses pWinPct pWORL
1Bernie Williams3.41.20.7371.3
2John Smoltz5.34.70.5311.1
3Dave Stewart3.21.80.6371.0
4Paul O'Neill3.31.80.6560.9
5Mark Lemke4.33.30.5660.8
6Juan Guzman2.61.40.6460.8
7Orlando Hernandez1.70.50.7710.7
8Greg Maddux4.14.00.5060.7
9Mariano Rivera1.40.20.8620.7
10Orel Hershiser1.50.50.7560.6


Division Series Performance
1990s Division Series Performance: pWins
(sorted by pWORL)
pWins pLosses pWinPct pWORL
1David Wells2.81.10.7111.1
2Greg Maddux3.52.20.6091.1
3John Smoltz2.61.30.6731.0
4Chipper Jones2.61.40.6540.7
5Tom Glavine2.01.10.6490.7
6Brian Jordan1.70.50.7730.7
7Omar Vizquel2.92.20.5640.6
8Paul O'Neill2.51.60.6120.6
9Derek Jeter2.21.50.5970.6
10Fred McGriff1.70.70.7240.6


Best of the 1990s by Factor and Position

Next, let's look at the top players in (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over Positional Average in various aspects of the game.
Best by Factor: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, Fielding
There are four basic factors for which players earn Player won-lost records: Batting, Baserunning, Pitching, and Fielding. The top players of the 1990s in eWOPA by factor were as follows.

Batting
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Barry Bonds150.191.50.62127.1
2Frank E. Thomas139.694.40.59722.5
3Mark McGwire120.975.00.61722.3
4Jeff Bagwell135.192.40.59419.3
5Ken Griffey Jr.137.2102.70.57217.2
6Albert Belle130.399.00.56815.6
7Edgar Martinez118.787.40.57615.6
8Fred McGriff136.5105.40.56413.9
9Rafael Palmeiro140.7113.00.55513.8
10Larry Walker116.686.00.57513.4

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Baserunning
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Marquis Grissom16.711.50.5922.4
2Kenny Lofton16.011.50.5832.2
3Rickey Henderson18.213.80.5692.1
4Barry Larkin14.29.60.5962.1
5Otis Nixon16.812.70.5701.9
6Lance Johnson13.910.20.5761.7
7Roberto Alomar14.511.10.5671.7
8Paul Molitor11.48.00.5871.7
9Delino DeShields Sr.16.512.70.5651.6
10Tim Raines Sr.11.07.60.5891.6

Positional Average excludes pitcher offense



Pitching
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Greg Maddux127.988.20.59239.7
2Roger Clemens122.491.60.57230.8
3J. Kevin Brown118.392.40.56125.9
4Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson118.295.00.55423.2
5Pedro J. Martinez76.256.30.57519.9
6Kevin Appier103.585.00.54918.5
7Mike Mussina96.579.00.55017.6
8David Cone112.195.70.53916.4
9John Smoltz115.099.00.53716.0
10Tom Glavine116.4101.20.53515.3


Next, we look at the major-league leaders in net fielding wins for the 1990s by fielding position.

Fielding, P
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Bret Saberhagen2.61.20.6851.4
2Bob Tewksbury3.32.10.6101.2
3Alex Fernandez3.02.00.6081.1
4Tom Glavine3.82.70.5821.1
5Mike Mussina2.71.60.6201.0
6John Franco1.80.80.6820.9
7Dennis Martinez2.82.00.5840.8
8Bobby J. Jones1.81.00.6420.8
9J. Kevin Brown4.33.50.5500.8
10Kenny Rogers3.32.50.5640.7


Fielding, C
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Ivan Rodriguez15.912.70.5563.2
2Charles Johnson8.36.30.5692.0
3Tom Pagnozzi10.38.50.5471.8
4Ron Karkovice9.67.90.5471.7
5Rick Wilkins9.28.10.5331.2
6Brad Ausmus9.68.60.5250.9
7Tom Lampkin4.83.90.5530.9
8Chad Kreuter7.46.60.5320.9
9Mike LaValliere6.45.60.5330.8
10B.J. Surhoff5.34.70.5320.6


Fielding, 1B
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1John Olerud22.218.70.5443.6
2Mark Grace29.926.50.5303.3
3Wally Joyner21.819.20.5322.6
4Will Clark22.920.50.5272.3
5Kevin Young10.38.20.5582.2
6Jeff King8.56.50.5672.0
7Tino Martinez18.016.20.5261.8
8Jeff Bagwell25.924.10.5181.8
9Rafael Palmeiro22.921.50.5161.4
10Greg Colbrunn9.58.50.5281.0


Fielding, 2B
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Ryne Sandberg35.332.00.5253.4
2Bret Boone32.429.90.5202.4
3Roberto Alomar52.249.80.5122.4
4Jody Reed37.134.70.5172.4
5Keith Lockhart10.37.90.5652.4
6Mark Lemke31.128.90.5192.3
7Mike Gallego14.312.20.5382.0
8Robby Thompson28.926.90.5171.9
9Scott Fletcher20.618.70.5251.9
10Fernando Vina20.518.60.5241.9


Fielding, 3B
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Robin Ventura42.837.80.5315.0
2Matt D. Williams43.038.90.5254.2
3Gary Gaetti35.732.90.5202.8
4Tim Wallach27.524.80.5262.7
5Jeff Cirillo22.920.50.5272.3
6Scott Brosius19.417.30.5292.1
7Edgardo Alfonzo11.09.10.5502.0
8Ken Caminiti42.440.50.5111.9
9Vinny Castilla25.223.60.5161.6
10Tim Hulett5.74.40.5671.3


Fielding, SS
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Cal Ripken40.435.90.5294.5
2Ozzie Smith32.428.80.5293.6
3Rey Sanchez22.619.20.5403.4
4Greg Gagne41.137.90.5203.1
5Mike Bordick44.941.90.5183.1
6Omar Vizquel53.250.40.5142.8
7Rey Ordonez22.419.60.5332.7
8Jose Valentin28.726.10.5232.5
9Royce Clayton42.940.60.5132.2
10Kevin Stocker29.627.90.5151.7


Fielding, LF
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Bernard Gilkey40.335.20.5335.0
2Barry Bonds56.151.70.5214.4
3Luis 'Gonzo' Gonzalez43.940.10.5223.8
4B.J. Surhoff19.016.50.5342.4
5Moises Alou19.317.00.5322.3
6Mike Felder7.55.40.5822.1
7Thomas Howard8.06.30.5581.7
8Joe Orsulak11.39.70.5381.6
9Ron Gant31.630.10.5131.6
10Geoff Jenkins7.76.20.5531.5


Fielding, CF
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Kenny Lofton41.537.00.5284.4
2Andruw Jones17.413.60.5613.8
3Brian L. Hunter21.518.20.5423.3
4Lance Johnson45.442.60.5152.7
5Ken Griffey Jr.49.146.50.5132.6
6Darrin Jackson14.912.30.5472.6
7Darren Lewis30.328.00.5202.4
8Marquis Grissom47.545.30.5122.2
9Devon White40.738.90.5111.8
10Chuck Carr16.515.00.5231.5


Fielding, RF
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Sammy Sosa49.544.40.5275.1
2Brian Jordan22.018.60.5423.4
3Reggie L. Sanders23.620.20.5383.4
4Paul O'Neill45.742.60.5173.1
5Mark Whiten27.024.30.5262.7
6Jermaine Dye15.212.70.5452.5
7Raul Mondesi Sr.30.528.00.5212.5
8Bobby Abreu12.610.40.5462.1
9Tim Salmon33.831.70.5162.1
10Rob Deer18.817.00.5251.8


Best by Position
Next, we look at Major-League leaders in eWOPA by position for the 1990s. The figures shown here only include Player decisions earned while playing this particular position, and include no contextual adjustments (expected or actual).

Catcher
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Mike Piazza111.586.20.56414.1
2Darren Daulton71.559.80.5456.8
3Chris Hoiles73.165.10.5296.5
4Ivan Rodriguez107.0104.30.5065.3
5Mike Stanley52.044.90.5375.2
6Mickey Tettleton41.734.50.5475.1
7Jason Kendall48.442.70.5313.6
8Javy Lopez60.655.40.5223.6
9Todd Hundley72.468.40.5142.9
10Rick Wilkins54.450.50.5192.7


First Base
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Mark McGwire143.299.70.58916.0
2Jeff Bagwell172.3124.60.58014.9
3Frank E. Thomas116.682.90.58512.8
4Rafael Palmeiro157.7131.70.5457.0
5John Olerud135.1109.80.5516.6
6Will Clark138.2113.30.5506.3
7Fred McGriff164.4136.70.5465.6
8Mo Vaughn112.194.10.5444.6
9Jim Thome43.333.00.5673.4
10John Kruk55.343.70.5583.0


Second Base
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Craig Biggio172.4149.10.53612.3
2Roberto Alomar184.4165.80.52712.1
3Ryne Sandberg124.6106.00.5409.2
4Chuck Knoblauch166.8155.70.5178.7
5Lou Whitaker77.968.60.5325.6
6Jeff Kent104.094.20.5255.3
7Robby Thompson91.582.10.5274.6
8Carlos Baerga129.3126.90.5053.1
9Delino DeShields Sr.157.4153.10.5072.5
10Julio Franco45.241.40.5222.3


Third Base
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Matt D. Williams167.5143.20.53910.1
2Robin Ventura161.6144.10.5298.7
3Chipper Jones95.076.90.5537.6
4Ken Caminiti162.9144.60.5306.8
5Edgar Martinez60.851.70.5404.7
6Jim Thome59.350.80.5394.2
7Scott Rolen59.349.40.5454.1
8Dave Hollins93.084.00.5263.7
9Jeff Cirillo85.178.00.5223.1
10Chris Sabo73.865.90.5283.0


Shortstop
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Barry Larkin172.7148.70.53715.2
2Cal Ripken133.6124.00.5199.7
3Alex Rodriguez89.376.50.5399.4
4Nomar Garciaparra65.857.20.5356.6
5Derek Jeter85.478.90.5206.2
6Jay Bell168.5163.30.5086.2
7John Valentin68.362.00.5245.5
8Jeff Blauser114.3110.70.5084.1
9Alan Trammell60.157.50.5113.5
10Jose Valentin79.276.90.5073.5


Left Field
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Barry Bonds219.9154.80.58726.6
2Rickey Henderson146.7119.30.55111.1
3Albert Belle145.4122.70.5429.5
4Greg Vaughn137.1119.80.5345.9
5Ron Gant118.1101.10.5395.0
6Kevin Mitchell71.959.00.5494.4
7Moises Alou74.462.10.5454.1
8Rusty Greer80.872.70.5273.2
9Bernard Gilkey126.9114.00.5272.8
10Luis 'Gonzo' Gonzalez146.2133.10.5232.6


Center Field
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Ken Griffey Jr.190.8152.60.55618.7
2Ray Lankford149.9129.70.5367.6
3Bernie Williams141.2127.00.5267.2
4Kenny Lofton151.0136.10.5267.1
5Lenny Dykstra91.578.10.5394.9
6Jim Edmonds72.963.80.5334.8
7Brady Anderson85.377.20.5254.0
8Andruw Jones51.142.30.5473.6
9Andy Van Slyke87.277.70.5293.0
10Dave Henderson40.034.70.5362.5


Right Field
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Larry Walker152.9122.80.5559.8
2Tim Salmon113.493.40.5487.7
3Manny Ramirez109.891.00.5476.6
4David Justice99.681.50.5506.0
5Paul O'Neill164.4145.80.5305.1
6Gary Sheffield79.864.80.5524.4
7Sammy Sosa157.7138.40.5334.2
8Jay Buhner135.6123.50.5233.4
9Jose Canseco53.745.30.5423.4
10Reggie L. Sanders80.167.80.5413.2


Starting Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Greg Maddux133.693.20.58922.1
2Roger Clemens124.194.60.56716.6
3J. Kevin Brown122.395.90.56115.1
4Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson118.497.10.55012.5
5Mike Mussina99.380.60.55211.0
6Kevin Appier104.085.60.54910.8
7Pedro J. Martinez71.452.60.57610.6
8Tom Glavine120.6103.50.53810.4
9John Smoltz117.7100.90.53810.3
10David Cone114.097.10.54010.2


Relief Pitcher
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Mariano Rivera19.311.30.6303.4
2John Wetteland34.626.20.5693.1
3Mark Eichhorn24.818.10.5782.6
4Trevor Hoffman29.422.50.5662.5
5Duane Ward23.417.10.5782.4
6Roberto M. Hernandez34.927.80.5572.4
7Mike R. Jackson40.033.10.5472.2
8Derek Lowe11.87.70.6051.7
9Mike Timlin31.326.00.5461.7
10Rick Aguilera33.127.80.5431.6


For relief pitchers, context-neutral records may not be the best measure of how good they are, as context can matter a great deal, depending on how a pitcher is used. Here are the top relief pitchers of the 1990s in context, in terms of pWins and pWOPA.

Top Relief Pitchers of the 1990s, based on pWORL
Player pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL
John Wetteland59.335.40.62710.616.6
Jeff Montgomery62.544.80.5826.913.8
Rick Aguilera59.742.50.5847.213.7
Trevor Hoffman45.526.30.6348.713.2
Roberto M. Hernandez54.937.50.5947.113.0
Randy Myers60.945.20.5746.513.0
John Franco51.234.70.5966.812.3
Dennis Eckersley48.732.90.5976.511.7
Mariano Rivera34.016.00.6808.211.4
Doug Jones56.943.80.5654.911.3


Designated Hitter
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Edgar Martinez78.957.30.5798.6
2Chili Davis100.587.30.5353.9
3Frank E. Thomas44.935.90.5553.1
4Harold Baines94.883.70.5313.0
5Jose Canseco61.352.00.5412.8
6Brian Downing26.420.90.5592.2
7Paul Molitor92.783.30.5272.0
8Juan Gonzalez25.820.60.5571.9
9Mickey Tettleton26.322.20.5421.3
10Rafael Palmeiro14.110.70.5681.3


Finally, here are the best at three oft-forgotten positions that can nevertheless matter: pitcher offense, pinch hitting, and pinch running.

Pitcher Offense
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Tom Glavine10.416.50.3861.8
2John Smoltz9.615.00.3891.8
3Dwight Gooden5.27.10.4221.3
4Orel Hershiser5.78.20.4091.3
5Mike Hampton5.17.00.4191.2
6Chris Hammond4.35.50.4421.2
7Steve Avery6.19.90.3800.9
8Tommy Greene3.54.40.4370.9
9Doug Drabek6.911.70.3690.9
10Omar Olivares3.54.60.4300.9


Pinch Hitter
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Glenallen Hill4.12.80.5960.8
2Harold Baines4.23.20.5680.7
3John Vander Wal9.69.30.5080.6
4Orlando Merced4.23.30.5560.6
5Chris C. Jones4.33.50.5500.6
6Mark Sweeney4.94.40.5290.6
7Dave Hansen7.36.90.5140.6
8Dave Magadan4.53.90.5380.6
9Gerald Perry6.76.20.5200.5
10Matt Stairs2.61.90.5830.5


Pinch Runner
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Scott Hemond0.30.10.8410.1
2Rich Amaral0.50.20.6770.1
3Mookie Wilson0.20.00.8280.1
4Fernando Vina0.30.10.7170.1
5Luis Ordaz0.20.00.9590.1
6Tracy Jones0.20.00.9940.1
7Rick Parker0.20.00.8540.1
8Ray Lankford0.20.10.7510.1
9Eric Fox0.20.00.8100.1
10John Moses0.10.00.8390.1


Interesting or Noteworthy Players of the 1990s

I have written several articles about players whose careers overlapped at least partly with the 1990s. Many of these articles were written as part of my series of articles about players appearing on the 2013 and 2014 Hall-of-Fame ballots. In addition to these articles, I have written articles about Eric Davis, Dwight Gooden, Rickey Henderson, Dennis Martinez, and Eddie Murray, among others. I have also written articles comparing Roger Clemens and Greg Maddux and Mariano Rivera and Andy Pettitte.

Next, I take a look at some players who figure prominently in several of the tables above and were, in my opinion, among the most noteworthy players of the 1990s.

Barry Bonds
The best player of the 1990s, as measured by pWins over either positional average or replacement level was Barry Bonds. The top 10 players in career pWOPA and pWORL, among players for whom I have calculated Player won-lost records are shown in the next table.

pWins over Positional Average
Top 10 Players
          pWins over Replacement Level
Top 10 Players
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL           Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL
1Barry Bonds462.1315.160.3
90.8
1Barry Bonds462.1315.160.3
90.8
2Babe Ruth306.4178.654.2
74.1
2Willie Mays460.1335.249.6
81.8
3Roger Clemens318.2228.251.1
79.6
3Roger Clemens318.2228.251.1
79.6
4Mickey Mantle351.8230.750.2
73.9
4Hank Aaron492.5372.942.2
77.9
5Willie Mays460.1335.249.6
81.8
5Babe Ruth306.4178.654.2
74.1
6Joe L. Morgan374.0292.346.2
72.7
6Mickey Mantle351.8230.750.2
73.9
7Lefty Grove248.3169.644.9
63.8
7Greg Maddux328.5271.444.8
73.5
8Greg Maddux328.5271.444.8
73.5
8Joe L. Morgan374.0292.346.2
72.7
9Ted Williams369.6253.644.5
69.9
9Warren Spahn354.2293.643.8
71.8
10Warren Spahn354.2293.643.8
71.8
10Ted Williams369.6253.644.5
69.9


The career record of Barry Bonds, as measured by Player won-lost records is presented in the next table.

Barry Bonds
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1986PIT21
112
15.515.10.507-0.2
1.0
16.113.00.5531.22.2
1987PIT22
150
18.817.00.5250.3
1.7
19.416.20.5451.02.4
1988PIT23
144
21.415.90.5742.1
3.6
20.916.30.5621.73.1
1989PIT24
159
21.119.10.5260.3
1.7
22.719.80.5340.62.2
1990PIT25
151
24.116.50.5933.0
4.5
22.816.30.5842.53.9
1991PIT26
153
24.315.80.6063.7
5.2
22.216.10.5802.54.0
1992PIT27
140
22.214.70.6023.2
4.6
23.015.30.6013.34.7
1993SFN28
159
26.915.60.6334.9
6.6
25.815.40.6264.56.1
1994SFN29
112
18.613.20.5852.2
3.6
18.512.30.6012.73.9
1995SFN30
144
24.717.10.5903.1
4.8
23.416.30.5892.94.5
1996SFN31
158
25.617.70.5923.1
4.9
25.616.60.6063.65.3
1997SFN32
159
24.817.40.5883.3
5.0
24.917.40.5883.35.0
1998SFN33
156
24.616.80.5953.4
5.0
23.616.70.5852.94.5
1999SFN34
102
15.611.00.5881.9
3.0
14.110.10.5831.62.6
2000SFN35
142
23.815.30.6093.5
5.1
21.814.80.5952.84.3
2001SFN36
153
28.015.50.6435.3
7.2
29.415.70.6515.97.9
2002SFN37
143
25.413.20.6575.3
6.8
24.612.80.6575.16.6
2003SFN38
130
21.011.60.6454.0
5.3
21.312.00.6403.95.3
2004SFN39
147
23.211.60.6685.1
6.5
23.712.10.6635.16.5
2005SFN40
14
1.71.40.5590.1
0.2
1.81.10.6140.30.4
2006SFN41
130
15.311.80.5641.3
2.3
15.511.80.5681.42.4
2007SFN42
126
15.412.00.5611.3
2.3
15.712.00.5681.52.5
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,984
462.1315.10.59560.3
90.8
456.8310.20.59660.390.3
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
48
6.46.30.505 0.36.95.30.568 1.1
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
3,032
468.5321.40.595
91.1
463.7315.40.596 91.4


Greg Maddux
The best pitcher of the 1990s - and the only player to supplant Barry Bonds on one of the first four tables of this article (eWins over positional average) is Greg Maddux.

In Maddux's approximate generation, there are four pitchers who were widely regarded as the best of the era - Maddux, Roger Clemens, Randy Johnson, and Pedro Martinez. The next tables compare these four pitchers over their best (consecutive) 5-year and 10-year stretches and for their careers, as measured by Player won-lost record.

Best Consecutive Five-Year Stretches
Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Greg Maddux, 1994 - 98
155
78.548.418.7
25.0
76.444.719.325.4
Roger Clemens, 1986 - 90
170
85.054.916.3
23.1
80.953.414.921.5
Randy Johnson, 1998 - 2002
174
93.364.418.3
26.0
85.164.014.221.5
Pedro Martinez, 1997 - 2001
142
73.740.318.3
24.4
69.738.816.922.8


Best Consecutive Ten-Year Stretches
Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Greg Maddux, 1992 - 2001
329
163.4111.233.7
47.0
157.1105.832.945.7
Roger Clemens, 1989 - 98
310
143.5100.123.9
36.8
142.597.324.837.5
Randy Johnson, 1993 - 2002
307
158.2102.732.3
45.7
145.7101.926.238.9
Pedro Martinez, 1996 - 2005
298
143.790.330.5
42.9
136.985.429.341.1


Career Records
Games pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
Greg Maddux
751
328.5271.444.8
73.5
321.0261.945.373.2
Roger Clemens
709
318.2228.251.1
79.6
310.8225.548.776.7
Randy Johnson
619
281.3221.038.5
64.3
267.6215.534.158.9
Pedro Martinez
476
193.7137.533.9
51.4
183.0132.530.847.5


The career record of Greg Maddux, as measured by Player won-lost records, is presented next.

Greg Maddux
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1986CHN20
6
1.62.30.418-0.2
-0.1
1.92.30.446-0.10.1
1987CHN21
31
9.913.50.423-1.3
-0.2
9.111.70.437-0.90.1
1988CHN22
34
17.412.50.5823.2
4.5
15.913.90.5341.83.0
1989CHN23
35
16.114.10.5331.8
3.1
14.813.40.5251.42.6
1990CHN24
35
15.614.80.5141.3
2.6
15.313.00.5391.93.1
1991CHN25
39
15.813.70.5351.8
3.1
16.615.20.5221.53.0
1992CHN26
35
17.712.40.5873.5
5.0
17.812.50.5873.65.0
1993ATL27
36
18.113.50.5723.0
4.3
17.012.80.5692.74.0
1994ATL28
25
14.48.10.6403.7
4.8
13.87.50.6483.64.7
1995ATL29
28
16.57.50.6895.3
6.5
14.67.10.6714.45.5
1996ATL30
35
16.211.70.5813.1
4.5
16.910.40.6214.15.5
1997ATL31
33
14.29.20.6083.2
4.4
15.29.50.6173.64.9
1998ATL32
34
17.112.00.5883.4
4.8
15.910.30.6083.64.8
1999ATL33
33
15.912.90.5522.2
3.6
14.612.20.5451.93.2
2000ATL34
35
17.112.20.5833.2
4.6
15.511.70.5702.74.0
2001ATL35
35
16.111.70.5803.0
4.4
15.811.80.5732.84.2
2002ATL36
35
13.110.20.5622.0
3.2
12.410.30.5461.62.7
2003ATL37
37
13.513.90.4930.5
1.9
13.012.20.5151.02.4
2004CHN38
34
14.713.10.5291.7
3.1
14.813.20.5281.73.1
2005CHN39
35
12.514.70.458-0.4
0.8
14.214.50.4950.72.0
40
34
13.312.40.5181.2
2.5
12.711.50.5251.32.5
2007SDN41
34
11.611.30.5070.7
1.9
12.011.90.5030.71.9
42
33
10.113.80.422-1.2
-0.0
11.413.10.465-0.21.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
751
328.5271.40.54844.8
73.5
321.0261.90.55145.373.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
37
12.612.50.502 2.013.110.80.547 3.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
788
341.1283.90.548
75.5
334.1272.70.551 76.2


Barry Larkin
Barry Larkin was the best shortstop of the 1990s and one of the top 10 players of the 1990s, regardless of position. Moving outside of the 1990s, Larkin was one of the greatest shortstops for whom I have calculated Player won-lost record. The top 10 players in career (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over positional average earned while playing shortstop, among all players for whom I have calculated Player won-lost records, are shown next.

Shortstop
eWins eLosses eWinPct eWOPA
1Cal Ripken302.1274.20.52425.5
2Alex Rodriguez182.4146.50.55523.2
3Alan Trammell265.4247.00.51820.2
4Pee Wee Reese279.4248.40.52919.8
5Ernie Banks167.9137.80.54918.6
6Barry Larkin272.0244.70.52618.5
7Derek Jeter347.1330.10.51318.4
8Lou Boudreau214.5186.60.53517.2
9Arky Vaughan187.1158.30.54217.0
10Vern Stephens191.2165.10.53715.6


The career record of Barry Larkin, as measured by Player won-lost records, is presented next.

Barry Larkin
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1986CIN22
41
5.44.40.5510.6
1.0
5.34.80.5240.40.8
1987CIN23
123
14.413.90.5090.6
1.8
13.613.80.4960.21.3
1988CIN24
151
22.918.90.5482.3
3.9
20.718.50.5281.42.8
1989CIN25
97
13.69.90.5772.1
3.0
12.29.90.5511.42.2
1990CIN26
158
22.818.60.5512.6
4.1
20.719.30.5171.22.6
1991CIN27
122
19.015.30.5542.1
3.4
17.513.60.5632.23.4
1992CIN28
140
21.316.10.5693.0
4.4
19.816.10.5512.33.6
1993CIN29
99
13.712.30.5271.0
2.0
12.811.70.5210.71.7
1994CIN30
110
16.213.70.5421.6
2.9
16.214.40.5291.22.5
1995CIN31
131
19.915.00.5692.8
4.2
18.014.90.5481.93.3
1996CIN32
152
22.018.40.5452.2
3.8
21.517.00.5602.74.2
1997CIN33
73
8.28.30.4970.1
0.8
8.26.70.5510.91.5
1998CIN34
145
19.916.60.5452.0
3.4
19.016.20.5411.83.1
1999CIN35
161
22.517.50.5642.9
4.4
20.417.80.5331.63.1
2000CIN36
102
11.812.90.477-0.4
0.6
12.712.20.5110.41.4
2001CIN37
45
5.74.70.5450.5
1.0
5.04.70.5170.20.6
2002CIN38
145
13.915.60.471-0.7
0.5
14.016.00.467-0.80.4
2003CIN39
70
7.86.60.5430.7
1.3
7.07.00.5000.10.6
2004CIN40
111
10.810.60.5040.2
1.1
11.110.80.5080.31.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
2,176
291.8249.40.53926.3
47.5
275.6245.20.52920.140.5
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
17
2.51.60.617 0.72.42.00.545 0.4
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
2,193
294.3251.00.539
48.2
278.0247.30.529 40.9


Kevin Brown
By far the most under-rated pitcher of the 1990s - and probably the most under-rated player of the '90's, regardless of position - was Kevin Brown. Kevin Brown was arguably the best player in major-league baseball in 1998 and was among the best in several other seasons.

In fact, by some measures, Kevin Brown is one of the most under-rated players of the past 70+ years. The next table shows the top 25 players in career eWins over positional average for whom I have calculated Player won-lost records.

eWins over Positional Average
Top 25 Players
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
1Barry Bonds456.8310.260.3
90.3
2Roger Clemens310.8225.548.7
76.7
3Babe Ruth287.9176.646.4
65.4
4Ted Williams366.6248.445.8
70.8
5Greg Maddux321.0261.945.3
73.2
6Mickey Mantle342.3232.244.8
68.1
7Willie Mays438.9327.943.1
74.2
8Joe L. Morgan367.6295.741.3
67.7
9Alex Rodriguez365.5292.540.8
67.3
10Mel Ott353.8251.539.9
65.2
11Hank Aaron477.6363.739.9
74.6
12Mike Schmidt330.0246.135.7
57.8
13Stan Musial413.1314.734.8
64.1
14Randy 'Big Unit' Johnson267.6215.534.1
58.9
15Warren Spahn337.2295.634.0
61.3
16Eddie Mathews316.1242.231.3
53.8
17Bob Gibson258.8219.231.0
51.8
18Tom Seaver300.8262.631.0
55.2
19Pedro J. Martinez183.0132.530.8
47.5
20Frank Robinson384.6294.130.6
59.2
21Lou Gehrig244.1159.530.4
47.2
22Rickey Henderson425.6349.030.3
60.8
23Jimmie Foxx262.4181.728.9
47.8
24Joe DiMaggio261.6193.228.6
47.1
25Mike Mussina218.9170.228.3
49.6


The career record of Kevin Brown, as measured by Player won-lost records, is presented next.

Kevin Brown
Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Value Decomposition
Season Team Age Games pWins pLosses pWin Pct. pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWin Pct. eWOPA eWORL
1986TEX21
1
0.30.30.5340.0
0.0
0.30.30.5350.00.1
1988TEX23
4
1.11.50.416-0.2
-0.1
1.41.80.429-0.2-0.0
1989TEX24
28
11.110.40.5160.5
1.6
11.29.30.5471.12.1
1990TEX25
27
10.69.40.5320.8
1.8
10.49.30.5280.71.7
1991TEX26
33
11.312.20.480-0.3
0.9
12.112.80.487-0.21.1
1992TEX27
35
17.812.00.5983.2
4.8
16.711.10.6023.14.6
1993TEX28
34
14.411.70.5521.5
2.7
13.511.80.5341.02.2
1994TEX29
26
9.49.80.491-0.1
1.0
10.59.80.5180.41.6
1995BAL30
26
9.77.60.5601.3
2.2
10.87.00.6042.13.1
1996FLO31
32
16.210.60.6043.6
5.0
14.59.00.6173.54.6
1997FLO32
33
14.211.00.5642.3
3.6
15.711.40.5812.94.4
1998SDN33
36
17.010.90.6093.8
5.1
17.610.80.6204.25.5
1999LAN34
35
17.913.80.5642.8
4.3
16.412.30.5702.74.1
2000LAN35
33
15.610.40.6003.2
4.5
14.911.10.5732.53.8
2001LAN36
20
8.46.50.5641.4
2.1
7.46.30.5421.01.7
2002LAN37
17
3.94.80.447-0.3
0.2
3.94.40.473-0.10.4
2003LAN38
32
13.910.60.5682.3
3.6
13.810.40.5702.33.6
2004NYA39
22
7.96.40.5520.9
1.7
7.76.80.5330.71.5
2005NYA40
13
4.15.00.448-0.4
0.1
4.54.30.5110.20.6
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER (reg. season)
487
204.6164.70.55426.4
45.2
203.3159.80.56028.046.6
------ ------ ------ ------ ------
PostSeason (career)
14
5.35.70.483 0.75.54.70.536 1.2
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
COMBINED
501
210.0170.40.554
45.9
208.8164.50.560 47.7


Best Second Baseman of the 1990s: Craig Biggio vs. Roberto Alomar
I think if you asked most fans who the best second baseman of the 1990's was, the answer would be Roberto Alomar. In the 1990s, Alomar played in the playoffs for three different franchises; he played in 10 All-Star games, starting 8 of them; he won 8 Gold Gloves and 3 Silver Sluggers.

Yet, looking earlier in this article, the best second baseman in the 1990's, as measured by Player won-lost records, was (barely) Craig Biggio. And, in fact, if anything that table, which only considered Player decisions earned at second base, under-rated Biggio, who spent the first two years of the 1990s as a (pretty good) catcher.

The next table compares the careers of Craig Biggio and Roberto Alomar, as measured by pWins.

Craig Biggio Roberto Alomar
Season Games pWins pLoss pWOPA pWORL Games pWins pLoss pWOPA pWORL
502.73.3-0.3
-0.0
14320.217.01.73.1
13413.912.11.3
2.2
15822.219.81.12.6
15016.416.9-0.3
0.9
14519.418.90.31.7
14914.514.00.7
1.8
16023.621.01.43.1
16221.420.20.5
2.1
15223.017.72.94.4
15521.519.11.3
2.9
15323.417.43.45.0
11417.112.72.3
3.5
10713.012.80.41.5
14122.317.12.8
4.4
13015.016.1-0.21.1
16222.719.52.0
3.7
15321.816.33.44.9
16123.818.52.8
4.5
11015.313.31.42.5
16025.217.93.7
5.3
14717.419.1-0.50.9
16023.020.51.2
2.9
15923.016.53.65.1
10111.411.7-0.0
0.9
15519.417.91.22.7
15521.016.52.2
3.9
15721.716.33.04.7
14517.117.8-0.2
1.2
14916.517.7-0.41.0
15318.218.2-0.2
1.2
14015.017.3-1.00.3
15617.719.5-1.4
0.0
554.45.6-0.6-0.2
15520.417.51.3
2.7
14515.316.8-0.7
0.5
14112.915.7-1.5
-0.4
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
CAREER RECORDS2,849358.5325.417.3
44.0
2,373314.4280.720.944.3


Pretty close: your preference likely comes down to whether you're more inclined to measure against average or replacement level.

The next table breaks down their career (context-neutral, teammate-adjusted) eWins over replacement level.

Decomposition of eWORL
Wins over Average
Batting Baserunning Fielding Position Replacement eWORL
Roberto Alomar7.52.4
0.2
5.3
24.4
39.7
Craig Biggio10.61.5
-3.4
5.3
28.1
42.2


Player won-lost records (and, from what I've seen, most sabermetric measures) don't think Roberto Alomar's fielding was 10 Gold Gloves good, but it was nevertheless better than Biggio's as was Alomar's baserunning (e.g., 474 career steals at an 80.2% success rate). But Biggio makes that up mostly in career length (2,100 more career plate appearances) and batting, when considering the context (Biggio played 12 years in the Astrodome). You can make the playoffs pretty easily with either one of them at the top of your lineup and in the middle of your defense, as their teams did a combined 13 times.



All articles are written so that they pull data directly from the most recent version of the Player won-lost database. Hence, any numbers cited within these articles should automatically incorporate the most recent update to Player won-lost records. In some cases, however, the accompanying text may have been written based on previous versions of Player won-lost records. I apologize if this results in non-sensical text in any cases.

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