2006 Boston Red Sox
Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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2006 Boston Red Sox*
Traditional Statistics and Splits (Retrosheet)
Boston Red Sox - Franchise Page

(Regular Season)

(2006 American League)
Positional Average (Weighted Avg of Options): 0.500 (1-Year) (9-Year) (Long-Run)

Positional Averages for Pitchers (Wgted Avg of Options): "0.500 "vs. Different Values for Starting vs. Relief Pitchers: (Empirical) (Based on Pitchers who Do Both)

Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Position Players
(Sorted by pWORL)
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
19.111.47.0
9.0
18.611.95.9
7.9
18.614.04.1
5.6
18.414.33.6
5.2
17.414.61.9
3.4
16.915.00.9
2.4
18.216.51.4
3.1
18.116.61.3
2.9
9.58.61.5
2.4
8.89.30.2
1.0
18.318.60.2
1.9
17.619.3-1.2
0.5
12.211.10.7
1.8
12.111.20.4
1.5
8.48.3-0.1
0.7
8.78.00.5
1.3
1.31.00.2
0.3
1.11.2-0.1
-0.0
11.112.5-0.8
0.3
11.212.4-0.5
0.6
1.51.40.1
0.2
1.41.6-0.2
-0.0
0.70.60.1
0.2
0.50.7-0.2
-0.1
1.21.20.0
0.1
1.11.2-0.1
-0.0
7.07.9-0.6
0.1
7.07.8-0.5
0.2
0.70.60.0
0.1
0.70.7-0.0
0.1
10.511.5-1.0
0.0
10.711.3-0.6
0.4
3.54.2-0.4
-0.0
3.44.3-0.6
-0.2
0.50.6-0.1
-0.1
0.50.6-0.1
-0.1
0.00.1-0.1
-0.1
0.10.1-0.0
-0.0
0.00.1-0.1
-0.1
0.00.1-0.1
-0.1
0.60.7-0.2
-0.1
0.60.8-0.2
-0.2
2.12.4-0.4
-0.2
2.32.2-0.1
0.1
4.25.0-0.9
-0.5
4.44.8-0.5
-0.1
2.43.3-0.8
-0.5
2.53.1-0.5
-0.2
0.62.1-1.3
-1.2
0.91.7-0.7
-0.6
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
169.5158.410.4
26.4
167.5160.46.5
22.5


Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Pitchers
(Sorted by pWORL)
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
6.62.73.7
4.6
6.13.12.8
3.6
12.19.33.0
4.5
11.89.62.4
3.9
12.012.30.0
1.7
12.012.30.1
1.7
5.14.30.9
1.6
4.55.0-0.4
0.3
5.44.80.4
1.4
5.15.1-0.2
0.8
2.11.40.6
0.9
1.71.8-0.2
0.1
2.32.00.2
0.6
2.22.10.0
0.4
0.70.40.4
0.5
0.60.50.0
0.1
0.70.30.4
0.5
0.60.50.1
0.2
1.71.60.1
0.3
1.81.50.3
0.5
0.40.5-0.0
0.1
0.50.40.1
0.2
0.50.6-0.1
0.0
0.50.6-0.2
-0.1
0.10.10.0
0.0
0.10.10.0
0.0
0.10.1-0.0
-0.0
0.10.2-0.1
-0.1
0.40.5-0.1
-0.0
0.50.40.0
0.1
0.10.2-0.1
-0.1
0.20.2-0.0
0.0
0.70.9-0.2
-0.1
0.80.8-0.0
0.1
3.94.7-0.8
-0.1
4.24.4-0.2
0.5
0.91.2-0.2
-0.1
0.91.2-0.3
-0.1
0.10.4-0.2
-0.2
0.10.4-0.2
-0.2
2.22.8-0.6
-0.2
2.22.8-0.6
-0.2
3.64.6-0.9
-0.3
3.74.5-0.7
-0.1
1.52.3-0.9
-0.5
1.72.1-0.4
-0.1
7.89.7-1.7
-0.5
8.49.1-0.5
0.7
1.82.7-0.9
-0.6
1.72.8-1.1
-0.8
1.12.0-1.0
-0.7
1.51.6-0.1
0.2
3.44.7-1.3
-0.7
3.54.6-1.1
-0.5
1.22.5-1.3
-1.0
1.42.3-0.7
-0.4
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
78.579.6-0.7
11.5
78.180.0-1.1
11.0


pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
TEAM TOTALS
248.0238.09.7
37.9
245.6240.45.3
33.5


Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Position Players
(Sorted by pWORL)
Batting Baserunning Pitching Fielding
Player eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct.
17.211.1
0.607
1.00.9
0.538
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.1
0.634
13.48.6
0.608
0.70.8
0.465
0.00.0
0.000
4.24.9
0.458
12.511.1
0.530
1.10.9
0.557
0.00.0
0.000
3.33.1
0.519
12.612.1
0.510
0.71.0
0.420
0.00.0
0.000
4.83.6
0.570
7.68.2
0.482
0.40.4
0.463
0.00.0
0.000
0.80.7
0.528
12.213.9
0.467
0.90.9
0.515
0.00.0
0.000
4.54.5
0.498
8.37.9
0.514
0.60.6
0.493
0.00.0
0.000
3.12.8
0.531
5.85.2
0.530
0.30.3
0.509
0.00.0
0.000
2.52.6
0.496
0.90.9
0.501
0.10.1
0.448
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.1
0.418
6.47.5
0.460
0.70.4
0.619
0.00.0
0.000
4.24.4
0.491
0.40.7
0.371
0.30.2
0.604
0.00.0
0.000
0.70.6
0.512
0.40.5
0.429
0.10.0
0.808
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.2
0.356
0.60.7
0.454
0.10.0
0.662
0.00.0
0.000
0.40.5
0.476
3.84.7
0.446
0.50.3
0.610
0.00.0
0.000
2.82.8
0.499
0.40.4
0.499
0.00.0
0.497
0.00.0
0.000
0.20.2
0.497
6.77.3
0.477
0.80.5
0.650
0.00.0
0.000
3.23.5
0.476
2.83.4
0.454
0.10.2
0.284
0.00.0
0.000
0.50.7
0.424
0.30.3
0.510
0.00.0
0.150
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.2
0.307
0.10.1
0.321
0.00.0
0.199
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.693
0.00.1
0.013
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.167
0.40.6
0.422
0.00.0
0.303
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.1
0.429
1.51.5
0.502
0.20.1
0.638
0.00.0
0.000
0.60.6
0.473
2.32.4
0.499
0.20.2
0.472
0.00.0
0.000
1.92.3
0.452
1.41.9
0.422
0.00.2
0.124
0.00.0
0.000
1.11.0
0.518
0.71.5
0.329
0.00.0
0.586
0.00.0
0.000
0.20.2
0.455
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
118.9112.6
0.513
8.98.2
0.522
0.00.0
0.000
39.539.8
0.498


Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Pitchers
(Sorted by pWORL)
Batting Baserunning Pitching Fielding
Player eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct.
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
6.03.2
0.655
0.00.0
0.690
0.00.0
0.562
0.00.0
0.242
11.39.6
0.540
0.30.2
0.637
0.30.1
0.731
0.00.1
0.052
11.511.9
0.491
0.30.1
0.647
0.00.1
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
4.54.8
0.482
0.00.0
0.395
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
5.05.1
0.498
0.10.1
0.538
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
1.61.8
0.476
0.00.0
0.835
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
2.22.1
0.509
0.00.0
0.681
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.60.5
0.516
0.00.0
0.955
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.60.5
0.542
0.00.0
0.808
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
1.71.5
0.536
0.00.0
0.308
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.50.4
0.554
0.00.0
0.911
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.40.6
0.420
0.00.0
0.966
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.1
0.584
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.2
0.339
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.50.4
0.520
0.00.0
0.770
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.20.2
0.467
0.00.0
0.776
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.80.8
0.498
0.00.0
0.369
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
4.24.3
0.491
0.10.1
0.462
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.91.1
0.447
0.00.0
0.489
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.3
0.309
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
2.22.7
0.447
0.00.0
0.671
0.00.1
0.452
0.00.0
0.794
3.74.3
0.461
0.00.1
0.355
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
1.72.0
0.456
0.00.1
0.265
0.00.1
0.002
0.00.0
0.000
8.48.9
0.485
0.10.1
0.649
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
1.72.4
0.409
0.10.3
0.187
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
1.51.6
0.483
0.00.0
0.746
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
3.54.5
0.438
0.00.0
0.646
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
1.62.0
0.438
0.00.1
0.042
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
0.30.4
0.445
0.00.1
0.289
76.977.9
0.497
1.21.2
0.509


Batting Baserunning Pitching Fielding
eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct.
TEAM TOTALS
119.2113.1
0.513
9.08.2
0.521
76.977.9
0.497
40.741.0
0.498


eWin, eLoss, eWOPA by Position
Catcher
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Jason Varitek8.69.00.3
Doug Mirabelli3.44.2-0.6
Javy Lopez0.91.6-0.6
Josh Bard0.40.6-0.1
Ken Huckaby0.10.1-0.0
Corky Miller0.00.1-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL13.415.7-1.2
  
First Base
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Kevin Youkilis12.711.8-0.0
David Ortiz1.60.70.8
Carlos Pena1.01.0-0.1
Mark Loretta0.61.3-0.8
Eric Hinske0.70.9-0.2
J.T. Snow0.40.6-0.2
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.016.3-0.6
  
Second Base
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mark Loretta16.417.5-0.5
Dustin Pedroia2.02.5-0.4
Alex Cora0.81.1-0.2
Willie Harris0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL19.221.1-1.2
  
Third Base
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mike Lowell17.816.61.0
Kevin Youkilis1.81.40.4
Alex Cora0.40.5-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL20.018.51.3
  
Shortstop
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Alex 'Sea Bass' Gonzalez11.212.4-0.6
Alex Cora5.76.0-0.1
Dustin Pedroia0.40.5-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.318.9-0.9
  
Left Field
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Manny Ramirez17.714.23.0
Kevin Youkilis2.32.00.2
Wily Mo Pena1.81.60.1
Gabe Kapler0.80.60.1
Willie Harris0.40.30.2
Eric Hinske0.40.20.2
Carlos Pena0.10.1-0.0
David Murphy0.00.1-0.1
Adam Stern0.00.0-0.0
Dustan Mohr0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL23.419.23.6
  
Center Field
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Coco Crisp10.711.4-0.7
Wily Mo Pena2.72.60.1
Gabe Kapler1.41.5-0.1
Dustan Mohr0.90.90.0
Willie Harris0.70.9-0.3
Adam Stern0.50.7-0.2
David Murphy0.60.40.2
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.518.4-0.9
  
Right Field
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Trot Nixon11.811.00.4
Wily Mo Pena3.83.60.1
Gabe Kapler2.12.6-0.6
Eric Hinske1.00.90.1
Dustan Mohr0.20.2-0.0
Willie Harris0.10.10.0
David Murphy0.10.1-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL19.118.40.0
  
Designated Hitter
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
David Ortiz16.811.44.6
Manny Ramirez0.50.20.3
Mark Loretta0.20.4-0.2
Wily Mo Pena0.20.10.1
Eric Hinske0.10.3-0.2
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.812.54.5
  
Pinch Hitter
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Trot Nixon0.20.3-0.1
Jason Varitek0.00.4-0.4
Mark Loretta0.30.10.2
Mike Lowell0.30.00.3
J.T. Snow0.10.1-0.0
Alex Cora0.10.2-0.0
Dustin Pedroia0.20.00.2
Wily Mo Pena0.10.10.0
Gabe Kapler0.00.1-0.1
Eric Hinske0.00.1-0.0
Doug Mirabelli0.10.10.0
Kevin Youkilis0.10.00.1
Manny Ramirez0.10.00.0
Javy Lopez0.00.1-0.1
David Ortiz0.00.1-0.0
Willie Harris0.00.1-0.0
David Murphy0.00.0-0.0
Dustan Mohr0.00.0-0.0
Carlos Pena0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL1.71.9-0.0
  
Pinch Runner
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Willie Harris0.20.20.0
Gabe Kapler0.00.00.0
Alex Cora0.00.00.0
David Murphy0.00.0-0.0
Coco Crisp0.00.00.0
Wily Mo Pena0.00.00.0
Eric Hinske0.00.0-0.0
Carlos Pena0.00.00.0
Ken Huckaby0.00.0-0.0
Adam Stern0.00.0-0.0
Doug Mirabelli0.00.0-0.0
Dustan Mohr0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.40.30.1
  
Pitcher Offense
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Josh Beckett0.30.10.2
Matt Clement0.10.10.0
Tim Wakefield0.00.1-0.0
Jon Lester0.00.1-0.0
Lenny DiNardo0.00.0-0.0
Curt Schilling0.00.00.0
Abe Alvarez0.00.0-0.0
Jason Johnson0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.40.50.1
  
Starting Pitching
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Josh Beckett11.812.1-0.1
Curt Schilling11.59.82.0
Tim Wakefield8.58.9-0.3
Jon Lester4.54.9-0.3
Matt Clement3.74.4-0.6
Kyle Snyder3.34.2-0.8
David Wells2.32.8-0.5
Jason Johnson1.62.1-0.5
Julian Tavarez1.81.70.1
Lenny DiNardo1.32.1-0.7
Kason Gabbard1.61.40.2
David Pauley0.91.1-0.2
Kevin Jarvis0.80.9-0.0
Devern Hansack0.50.40.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL54.056.6-1.5
  
Relief Pitching
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Mike Timlin5.15.1-0.2
Jonathan Papelbon6.03.22.7
Julian Tavarez2.52.7-0.3
Manny Delcarmen2.22.10.0
Craig Hansen1.72.1-0.4
Keith Foulke1.71.8-0.2
Rudy Seanez1.51.6-0.1
Javier Lopez0.60.50.0
Jermaine Van Buren0.50.6-0.2
Lenny DiNardo0.40.6-0.2
Bryan Corey0.60.50.1
Craig Breslow0.50.40.0
Kyle Snyder0.30.4-0.1
Abe Alvarez0.10.3-0.2
David Riske0.20.2-0.0
Kason Gabbard0.20.20.0
Mike Holtz0.10.2-0.1
Mike Burns0.10.10.0
Kevin Jarvis0.00.00.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL24.222.50.8


Team eWins over Positional Average by Position
PC1B2B3BSSLFCFRFOth
2006 Boston Red Sox-0.6-1.2-0.6-1.21.3-0.93.6-0.90.04.6


pWin, pLoss, pWOPA by Position
Catcher
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Jason Varitek9.58.21.9
Doug Mirabelli3.44.2-0.5
Javy Lopez0.62.0-1.3
Josh Bard0.50.6-0.1
Ken Huckaby0.00.1-0.1
Corky Miller0.00.1-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL14.015.2-0.1
  
First Base
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Kevin Youkilis13.610.82.0
David Ortiz1.50.70.8
Carlos Pena1.10.90.2
Mark Loretta0.71.2-0.6
Eric Hinske0.70.9-0.3
J.T. Snow0.50.6-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL18.215.02.0
  
Second Base
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Mark Loretta16.917.00.5
Dustin Pedroia1.92.7-0.7
Alex Cora0.71.2-0.6
Willie Harris0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL19.520.9-0.7
  
Third Base
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Mike Lowell17.916.51.1
Kevin Youkilis1.61.50.1
Alex Cora0.40.5-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL19.918.61.1
  
Shortstop
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Alex 'Sea Bass' Gonzalez11.112.5-0.8
Alex Cora5.85.90.1
Dustin Pedroia0.30.6-0.3
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.219.0-1.0
  
Left Field
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Manny Ramirez18.213.74.0
Kevin Youkilis2.12.2-0.2
Wily Mo Pena1.61.8-0.2
Gabe Kapler0.80.60.1
Willie Harris0.50.20.3
Eric Hinske0.40.20.2
Carlos Pena0.10.10.0
David Murphy0.00.2-0.1
Adam Stern0.00.0-0.0
Dustan Mohr0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL23.718.94.1
  
Center Field
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Coco Crisp10.511.5-1.0
Wily Mo Pena2.92.40.5
Gabe Kapler1.51.40.0
Dustan Mohr1.00.90.1
Willie Harris0.70.9-0.2
Adam Stern0.70.60.1
David Murphy0.60.30.3
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.818.1-0.3
  
Right Field
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Trot Nixon12.010.80.8
Wily Mo Pena3.53.8-0.4
Gabe Kapler1.92.8-1.0
Eric Hinske1.00.90.0
Dustan Mohr0.20.2-0.0
Willie Harris0.10.10.1
David Murphy0.00.1-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL18.818.7-0.6
  
Designated Hitter
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
David Ortiz17.610.66.3
Manny Ramirez0.40.30.1
Mark Loretta0.30.4-0.1
Wily Mo Pena0.20.20.1
Eric Hinske0.10.3-0.2
------ ------ ------
TOTAL18.511.76.1
  
Pinch Hitter
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Trot Nixon0.20.3-0.1
Jason Varitek0.00.5-0.4
Mark Loretta0.30.10.2
Mike Lowell0.30.00.3
J.T. Snow0.10.2-0.1
Alex Cora0.10.2-0.1
Dustin Pedroia0.20.00.2
Wily Mo Pena0.10.1-0.0
Gabe Kapler0.00.1-0.1
Eric Hinske0.00.1-0.0
Doug Mirabelli0.10.00.1
Kevin Youkilis0.10.00.1
Manny Ramirez0.00.1-0.0
Javy Lopez0.00.1-0.1
David Ortiz0.00.1-0.1
Willie Harris0.00.1-0.0
David Murphy0.00.0-0.0
Dustan Mohr0.00.0-0.0
Carlos Pena0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL1.62.1-0.2
  
Pinch Runner
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Willie Harris0.20.2-0.0
Gabe Kapler0.00.00.0
Alex Cora0.00.0-0.0
David Murphy0.00.00.0
Coco Crisp0.00.00.0
Wily Mo Pena0.00.00.0
Eric Hinske0.00.0-0.0
Carlos Pena0.00.00.0
Ken Huckaby0.00.0-0.0
Adam Stern0.00.0-0.0
Doug Mirabelli0.00.0-0.0
Dustan Mohr0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.30.30.0
  
Pitcher Offense
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Josh Beckett0.30.10.3
Matt Clement0.10.00.1
Tim Wakefield0.00.1-0.0
Jon Lester0.00.1-0.0
Lenny DiNardo0.00.0-0.0
Curt Schilling0.00.00.0
Abe Alvarez0.00.0-0.0
Jason Johnson0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.40.40.2
  
Starting Pitching
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Josh Beckett11.712.2-0.3
Curt Schilling12.09.33.0
Tim Wakefield7.89.6-1.7
Jon Lester5.14.30.9
Matt Clement3.64.6-1.0
Kyle Snyder3.24.3-1.1
David Wells2.22.8-0.6
Jason Johnson1.22.5-1.3
Julian Tavarez1.91.50.5
Lenny DiNardo1.42.0-0.6
Kason Gabbard1.51.40.2
David Pauley0.91.2-0.2
Kevin Jarvis0.70.9-0.2
Devern Hansack0.40.5-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL53.756.9-2.2
  
Relief Pitching
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Mike Timlin5.44.80.4
Jonathan Papelbon6.62.73.7
Julian Tavarez2.03.2-1.3
Manny Delcarmen2.32.00.2
Craig Hansen1.52.3-0.9
Keith Foulke2.11.40.6
Rudy Seanez1.12.0-1.0
Javier Lopez0.70.40.4
Jermaine Van Buren0.50.6-0.1
Lenny DiNardo0.40.7-0.3
Bryan Corey0.70.30.4
Craig Breslow0.40.5-0.1
Kyle Snyder0.20.4-0.2
Abe Alvarez0.10.3-0.2
David Riske0.10.2-0.1
Kason Gabbard0.10.2-0.1
Mike Holtz0.10.1-0.0
Mike Burns0.10.10.0
Kevin Jarvis0.00.00.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL24.422.31.3


Team pWins over Positional Average by Position
PC1B2B3BSSLFCFRFOth
2006 Boston Red Sox-0.7-0.12.0-0.71.1-1.04.1-0.3-0.65.8


*Player won-loss records are calculated using Retrosheet play-by-play data. For some seasons, Retrosheet does not have full play-by-play data for all games. In these cases, some games may be missing.
The number of Games shown here are the number of games for which Retrosheet play-by-play data exist and were used in these calculations.



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