1991 San Diego Padres
Baseball Player Won-Loss Records
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1991 San Diego Padres*
Traditional Statistics and Splits (Retrosheet)
San Diego Padres - Franchise Page

(Regular Season)

(1991 National League)
Positional Average (Weighted Avg of Options): 0.500 (1-Year) (9-Year) (Long-Run)

Positional Averages for Pitchers (Wgted Avg of Options): "0.500 "vs. Different Values for Starting vs. Relief Pitchers: (Empirical) (Based on Pitchers who Do Both)

Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Position Players
(Sorted by pWORL)
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
20.218.12.8
4.6
19.319.11.0
2.8
19.615.92.1
3.8
19.915.72.8
4.5
18.515.41.9
3.5
18.115.81.1
2.7
16.716.31.1
2.7
16.516.60.6
2.2
14.613.21.2
2.5
14.213.60.4
1.7
11.810.51.2
2.2
11.410.90.4
1.5
6.14.61.5
2.0
5.65.20.3
0.8
11.610.30.8
1.9
11.910.11.5
2.6
8.38.2-0.3
0.5
8.48.1-0.2
0.6
0.70.40.4
0.4
0.70.50.3
0.3
5.75.8-0.2
0.3
5.36.2-1.1
-0.5
11.311.4-0.9
0.2
11.411.3-0.8
0.3
3.03.0-0.1
0.2
2.93.1-0.2
0.1
4.14.3-0.3
0.1
3.94.5-0.6
-0.2
0.60.6-0.0
0.1
0.60.60.0
0.1
0.20.20.0
0.0
0.20.20.0
0.1
0.60.6-0.0
0.0
0.60.60.0
0.1
2.42.8-0.3
-0.1
2.42.9-0.4
-0.1
0.00.2-0.1
-0.1
0.00.1-0.1
-0.1
1.41.9-0.5
-0.3
1.41.8-0.4
-0.2
1.82.3-0.6
-0.3
1.72.4-0.6
-0.4
0.91.4-0.5
-0.4
1.11.3-0.2
-0.1
1.21.8-0.6
-0.4
1.21.8-0.5
-0.4
0.30.8-0.5
-0.5
0.40.7-0.4
-0.3
2.83.7-1.0
-0.7
3.03.4-0.6
-0.2
1.12.4-1.4
-1.2
1.22.3-1.2
-1.0
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
165.6156.45.6
21.0
163.2158.81.1
16.6


Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Pitchers
(Sorted by pWORL)
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
12.311.22.0
3.4
11.911.61.2
2.6
14.413.61.6
3.3
13.614.50.1
1.9
8.27.11.6
2.5
7.38.0-0.1
0.8
3.62.21.3
1.8
3.52.41.1
1.7
4.02.81.1
1.7
3.73.20.5
1.1
5.34.80.3
1.2
4.65.5-0.9
-0.0
4.94.80.3
1.0
4.74.90.0
0.7
0.60.20.4
0.4
0.50.30.2
0.2
2.82.9-0.1
0.4
2.73.0-0.3
0.2
0.60.40.2
0.3
0.50.5-0.0
0.1
1.11.10.0
0.2
1.01.2-0.2
-0.0
0.50.50.0
0.1
0.40.6-0.2
-0.1
0.00.1-0.1
-0.1
0.00.1-0.0
-0.0
4.65.6-0.8
-0.2
4.55.7-0.9
-0.3
0.50.7-0.3
-0.2
0.50.8-0.3
-0.2
0.30.8-0.5
-0.4
0.30.7-0.4
-0.4
0.71.3-0.6
-0.4
0.81.2-0.3
-0.2
0.51.1-0.6
-0.5
0.70.9-0.3
-0.1
2.94.0-0.9
-0.5
2.74.2-1.3
-0.8
8.410.8-1.8
-0.6
9.010.1-0.5
0.6
3.04.7-1.5
-1.0
3.64.1-0.2
0.3
1.52.9-1.3
-1.1
1.33.1-1.7
-1.4
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
80.483.60.3
11.5
77.786.4-4.5
6.7


pWins pLosses pWOPA pWORL eWins eLosses eWOPA eWORL
TEAM TOTALS
246.0240.05.9
32.5
240.8245.2-3.4
23.2


Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Position Players
(Sorted by pWORL)
Batting Baserunning Pitching Fielding
Player eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct.
11.011.6
0.488
1.51.2
0.568
0.00.0
0.000
6.76.4
0.513
16.010.8
0.598
1.01.0
0.491
0.00.0
0.000
2.93.9
0.423
12.010.7
0.528
1.21.0
0.531
0.00.0
0.000
4.94.1
0.547
13.013.2
0.496
0.91.2
0.440
0.00.0
0.000
2.52.2
0.524
8.78.4
0.509
1.51.2
0.541
0.00.0
0.000
3.93.9
0.500
7.66.9
0.525
0.80.7
0.530
0.00.0
0.000
3.13.4
0.479
3.23.2
0.500
0.30.2
0.588
0.00.0
0.000
2.11.8
0.537
8.26.8
0.549
0.60.6
0.488
-0.00.0
-1.465
3.02.7
0.530
5.45.9
0.480
0.60.6
0.478
0.00.0
0.000
2.31.6
0.584
0.40.4
0.529
0.00.0
0.498
0.00.0
0.000
0.20.1
0.823
3.13.9
0.443
0.10.3
0.312
0.00.0
0.000
2.12.0
0.513
7.88.2
0.490
0.60.6
0.524
0.00.0
0.000
3.02.6
0.530
1.32.1
0.389
0.50.1
0.799
0.00.0
0.000
1.10.8
0.577
1.92.5
0.430
0.30.3
0.487
0.00.0
0.000
1.71.7
0.507
0.30.3
0.494
0.00.0
0.097
0.00.0
0.000
0.30.3
0.514
0.20.1
0.549
0.00.0
0.401
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.40.3
0.524
0.10.1
0.560
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.2
0.448
1.41.5
0.469
0.10.2
0.265
0.00.0
0.000
1.01.1
0.473
0.00.1
0.206
0.00.0
0.104
0.00.0
0.000
0.0-0.0
7.472
1.01.4
0.423
0.10.1
0.510
0.00.0
0.000
0.30.4
0.450
1.31.7
0.436
0.20.1
0.639
0.00.0
0.000
0.20.6
0.301
0.60.8
0.433
0.10.1
0.670
0.00.0
0.000
0.40.5
0.443
1.01.3
0.418
0.10.3
0.267
0.00.0
0.000
0.10.1
0.402
0.20.5
0.308
0.00.1
0.169
0.00.0
0.000
0.20.2
0.499
2.22.2
0.498
0.20.3
0.348
0.00.0
0.000
0.70.9
0.440
0.71.2
0.352
0.00.0
0.435
0.00.0
0.000
0.51.1
0.331
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
108.9105.9
0.507
10.810.4
0.509
-0.00.0
-1.465
43.542.5
0.506


Basic Player Won-Lost Records
Pitchers
(Sorted by pWORL)
Batting Baserunning Pitching Fielding
Player eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct.
0.61.4
0.315
0.00.1
0.359
10.79.6
0.526
0.40.5
0.408
0.51.3
0.266
0.10.0
0.658
12.812.7
0.503
0.30.3
0.494
0.20.9
0.217
0.00.0
0.234
7.06.8
0.505
0.10.2
0.425
0.00.0
0.006
0.00.0
0.000
3.42.2
0.610
0.10.1
0.393
0.10.2
0.283
0.00.0
0.166
3.52.8
0.552
0.10.2
0.417
0.00.0
0.005
0.00.0
0.000
4.55.2
0.460
0.20.2
0.576
0.10.4
0.262
0.00.0
0.760
4.44.4
0.504
0.10.1
0.474
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.40.3
0.627
0.00.0
0.470
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.163
2.72.8
0.485
0.10.1
0.400
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.50.5
0.499
0.00.0
0.451
0.00.0
0.018
0.00.0
0.000
1.01.2
0.456
0.00.0
0.654
0.00.0
0.004
0.00.0
0.000
0.30.5
0.400
0.10.1
0.407
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.1
0.296
0.00.0
0.000
0.30.5
0.370
0.00.0
0.605
4.25.0
0.458
0.10.1
0.361
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.50.7
0.382
0.00.0
0.880
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.30.6
0.349
0.00.0
0.261
0.00.1
0.391
0.00.0
0.000
0.71.1
0.404
0.10.0
0.901
0.00.0
0.000
0.00.0
0.000
0.60.9
0.426
0.00.0
0.835
0.00.2
0.173
0.00.0
0.186
2.83.8
0.422
0.00.0
0.613
0.50.9
0.365
0.10.1
0.596
8.28.9
0.479
0.30.2
0.580
0.10.3
0.236
0.00.0
0.234
3.63.7
0.491
0.00.0
0.408
0.10.2
0.293
0.00.0
0.778
1.42.7
0.336
0.00.0
0.460
------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
SUB-TOTAL
2.66.6
0.287
0.30.2
0.562
73.476.4
0.490
2.12.4
0.469


Batting Baserunning Pitching Fielding
eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct. eWins eLoss Win Pct.
TEAM TOTALS
111.6112.4
0.498
11.110.6
0.510
73.476.4
0.490
45.644.9
0.504


eWin, eLoss, eWOPA by Position
Catcher
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Benito Santiago16.216.50.5
Tom Lampkin0.50.9-0.3
Dann Bilardello0.70.40.3
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.417.80.4
  
First Base
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Fred McGriff19.915.72.6
Jerald Clark1.01.1-0.2
Oscar Azocar0.00.0-0.0
Brian Dorsett0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL20.916.82.4
  
Second Base
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Bip Roberts9.28.50.7
Tim Teufel6.76.00.8
Paul Faries2.83.5-0.7
Jose Mota1.11.2-0.1
Craig Shipley0.90.80.0
Marty G. Barrett0.20.10.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL20.820.10.7
  
Third Base
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Scott Coolbaugh5.36.0-0.9
Jack Howell5.04.80.2
Tim Teufel4.64.9-0.4
Jim Presley1.22.2-1.1
Garry Templeton0.91.0-0.2
Paul Faries0.50.6-0.1
Marty G. Barrett0.10.4-0.3
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.619.9-2.8
  
Shortstop
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Tony Fernandez19.219.00.9
Craig Shipley1.51.9-0.3
Paul Faries0.50.40.1
Jose Mota0.00.0-0.0
Garry Templeton0.00.00.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL21.221.30.7
  
Left Field
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Jerald Clark9.29.0-0.4
Kevin Ward2.52.9-0.6
Bip Roberts1.81.8-0.1
Thomas Howard1.91.8-0.0
Darrin Jackson1.51.4-0.0
Oscar Azocar0.80.9-0.2
Mike Aldrete0.40.6-0.3
Jim Vatcher0.00.0-0.0
Benito Santiago0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL18.118.4-1.7
  
Center Field
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Darrin Jackson9.78.11.4
Thomas Howard4.34.4-0.3
Bip Roberts2.83.2-0.5
Shawn Abner2.82.8-0.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL19.618.50.4
  
Right Field
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Tony Gwynn Sr.18.115.81.1
Thomas Howard1.71.30.4
Jerald Clark1.01.0-0.0
Jim Vatcher0.40.40.0
Oscar Azocar0.20.5-0.4
Kevin Ward0.20.2-0.0
Shawn Abner0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL21.619.11.1
  
Designated Hitter
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.00.00.0
  
Pinch Hitter
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Oscar Azocar0.71.0-0.2
Tom Lampkin0.70.9-0.1
Garry Templeton0.40.8-0.3
Darrin Jackson0.70.60.1
Thomas Howard0.40.6-0.2
Jack Howell0.50.40.2
Kevin Ward0.40.30.1
Bip Roberts0.20.20.0
Jerald Clark0.10.3-0.1
Marty G. Barrett0.30.20.1
Jim Vatcher0.20.20.1
Benito Santiago0.30.00.3
Phil Stephenson0.20.10.0
Shawn Abner0.10.2-0.1
Mike Aldrete0.10.2-0.1
Tim Teufel0.10.1-0.0
Scott Coolbaugh0.00.2-0.1
Brian Dorsett0.00.1-0.1
Tony Fernandez0.00.2-0.1
Jim Presley0.10.1-0.0
Craig Shipley0.00.1-0.1
Dann Bilardello0.00.0-0.0
Tony Gwynn Sr.0.00.0-0.0
Dennis Rasmussen0.00.0-0.0
Paul Faries0.00.0-0.0
Jose Mota0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL5.66.9-0.7
  
Pinch Runner
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Paul Faries0.00.1-0.0
Jose Mota0.00.00.0
Thomas Howard0.00.0-0.0
Craig Shipley0.00.0-0.0
Darrin Jackson0.00.0-0.0
Shawn Abner0.00.0-0.0
Bip Roberts0.00.00.0
Kevin Ward0.0-0.00.0
Rich Rodriguez0.00.0-0.0
Oscar Azocar0.00.00.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.10.2-0.1
  
Pitcher Offense
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Bruce Hurst0.71.5-0.1
Andy Benes0.51.4-0.2
Dennis Rasmussen0.61.00.1
Greg W. Harris0.30.9-0.2
Ed Whitson0.30.50.1
Jose Melendez0.20.4-0.0
Ricky Bones0.10.3-0.1
Adam C. Peterson0.00.2-0.1
Eric Nolte0.10.2-0.0
Mike Maddux0.10.2-0.0
Derek Lilliquist0.00.10.0
Rich Rodriguez0.00.0-0.0
Atlee Hammaker0.00.0-0.0
Craig Lefferts0.00.0-0.0
Wes Gardner0.00.0-0.0
John Costello0.00.0-0.0
Larry Andersen0.00.0-0.0
Jim S. Lewis0.00.0-0.0
Pat Clements0.00.0-0.0
Steve Rosenberg0.00.0-0.0
Jeremy Hernandez0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL2.96.7-0.5
  
Starting Pitching
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Andy Benes13.113.00.3
Bruce Hurst11.110.21.0
Dennis Rasmussen8.49.1-0.5
Greg W. Harris7.17.00.2
Ed Whitson4.35.1-0.7
Ricky Bones3.63.7-0.1
Adam C. Peterson2.83.8-1.0
Jose Melendez2.93.2-0.2
Eric Nolte1.42.8-1.3
Derek Lilliquist0.71.0-0.3
Atlee Hammaker0.30.6-0.3
Mike Maddux0.30.30.0
Rich Rodriguez0.20.20.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL56.259.9-3.0
  
Relief Pitching
Player eWins eLosses eWOPA
Craig Lefferts4.75.4-0.9
Mike Maddux3.32.70.5
Larry Andersen3.52.31.1
Rich Rodriguez2.52.8-0.3
Jose Melendez1.61.30.2
John Costello1.01.2-0.2
Wes Gardner0.70.9-0.2
Steve Rosenberg0.50.7-0.3
Pat Clements0.50.5-0.0
Jim S. Lewis0.40.6-0.2
Jeremy Hernandez0.50.30.2
Derek Lilliquist0.10.1-0.0
Tim Scott0.00.1-0.0
Adam C. Peterson0.00.00.0
Ed Whitson0.00.0-0.0
Darrin Jackson0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL19.318.9-0.1


Team eWins over Positional Average by Position
PC1B2B3BSSLFCFRFOth
1991 San Diego Padres-3.60.42.40.7-2.80.7-1.70.41.1-0.8


pWin, pLoss, pWOPA by Position
Catcher
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Benito Santiago16.416.30.8
Tom Lampkin0.60.7-0.1
Dann Bilardello0.70.40.4
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.817.41.1
  
First Base
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Fred McGriff19.615.92.1
Jerald Clark1.21.00.1
Oscar Azocar0.00.0-0.0
Brian Dorsett0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL20.816.92.2
  
Second Base
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Bip Roberts9.38.31.0
Tim Teufel6.85.90.9
Paul Faries3.13.2-0.1
Jose Mota0.91.4-0.5
Craig Shipley1.00.80.2
Marty G. Barrett0.20.10.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL21.319.71.5
  
Third Base
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Scott Coolbaugh5.75.6-0.1
Jack Howell5.64.21.3
Tim Teufel5.04.50.4
Jim Presley1.02.4-1.4
Garry Templeton0.81.1-0.3
Paul Faries0.50.5-0.0
Marty G. Barrett0.10.4-0.3
------ ------ ------
TOTAL18.718.7-0.5
  
Shortstop
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Tony Fernandez20.218.03.0
Craig Shipley1.51.9-0.4
Paul Faries0.50.5-0.0
Jose Mota0.00.0-0.0
Garry Templeton0.00.00.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL22.220.42.5
  
Left Field
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Jerald Clark9.09.3-0.9
Kevin Ward2.33.1-1.0
Bip Roberts2.01.70.2
Thomas Howard2.01.60.3
Darrin Jackson1.31.6-0.4
Oscar Azocar0.90.80.0
Mike Aldrete0.30.7-0.5
Jim Vatcher0.00.0-0.0
Benito Santiago0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL17.718.8-2.4
  
Center Field
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Darrin Jackson9.97.91.6
Thomas Howard4.24.6-0.6
Bip Roberts3.12.90.1
Shawn Abner2.92.70.1
------ ------ ------
TOTAL20.018.11.2
  
Right Field
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Tony Gwynn Sr.18.515.41.9
Thomas Howard1.91.10.7
Jerald Clark1.10.80.2
Jim Vatcher0.30.5-0.2
Oscar Azocar0.10.6-0.6
Kevin Ward0.10.3-0.2
Shawn Abner0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL22.118.72.0
  
Designated Hitter
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.00.00.0
  
Pinch Hitter
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Oscar Azocar0.80.9-0.0
Tom Lampkin0.51.1-0.5
Garry Templeton0.50.8-0.2
Darrin Jackson0.40.8-0.3
Thomas Howard0.20.8-0.6
Jack Howell0.50.40.2
Kevin Ward0.40.30.1
Bip Roberts0.20.3-0.1
Jerald Clark0.10.4-0.2
Marty G. Barrett0.30.10.3
Jim Vatcher0.30.10.2
Benito Santiago0.30.00.3
Phil Stephenson0.20.20.0
Shawn Abner0.00.3-0.2
Mike Aldrete0.10.2-0.1
Tim Teufel0.00.2-0.1
Scott Coolbaugh0.00.2-0.2
Brian Dorsett0.00.2-0.1
Tony Fernandez0.00.2-0.1
Jim Presley0.10.10.0
Craig Shipley0.00.1-0.1
Dann Bilardello0.00.0-0.0
Tony Gwynn Sr.0.00.0-0.0
Dennis Rasmussen0.00.0-0.0
Paul Faries0.00.0-0.0
Jose Mota0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL4.97.5-2.0
  
Pinch Runner
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Paul Faries0.00.1-0.0
Jose Mota0.00.00.0
Thomas Howard0.00.0-0.0
Craig Shipley0.00.0-0.0
Darrin Jackson0.00.0-0.0
Shawn Abner0.00.0-0.0
Bip Roberts0.00.00.0
Kevin Ward0.00.00.0
Rich Rodriguez0.00.0-0.0
Oscar Azocar0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL0.10.2-0.1
  
Pitcher Offense
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Bruce Hurst0.61.5-0.1
Andy Benes0.51.3-0.1
Dennis Rasmussen0.51.1-0.0
Greg W. Harris0.20.9-0.2
Ed Whitson0.40.40.2
Jose Melendez0.20.40.0
Ricky Bones0.00.4-0.2
Adam C. Peterson0.00.2-0.1
Eric Nolte0.10.2-0.0
Mike Maddux0.10.10.1
Derek Lilliquist0.00.10.0
Rich Rodriguez0.00.0-0.0
Atlee Hammaker0.00.0-0.0
Craig Lefferts0.00.0-0.0
Wes Gardner0.00.0-0.0
John Costello0.00.0-0.0
Larry Andersen0.00.0-0.0
Jim S. Lewis0.00.0-0.0
Pat Clements0.00.0-0.0
Steve Rosenberg0.00.0-0.0
Jeremy Hernandez0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL2.86.8-0.6
  
Starting Pitching
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Andy Benes13.812.31.7
Bruce Hurst11.69.72.1
Dennis Rasmussen7.89.7-1.8
Greg W. Harris7.96.21.9
Ed Whitson4.25.2-0.9
Ricky Bones3.04.3-1.3
Adam C. Peterson2.83.7-0.8
Jose Melendez3.13.00.2
Eric Nolte1.42.7-1.3
Derek Lilliquist0.61.1-0.5
Atlee Hammaker0.30.7-0.5
Mike Maddux0.40.20.2
Rich Rodriguez0.20.2-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL57.259.0-1.2
  
Relief Pitching
Player pWins pLosses pWOPA
Craig Lefferts5.34.80.4
Mike Maddux3.52.60.8
Larry Andersen3.62.21.3
Rich Rodriguez2.72.6-0.0
Jose Melendez1.51.40.1
John Costello1.11.10.0
Wes Gardner0.51.1-0.6
Steve Rosenberg0.50.7-0.3
Pat Clements0.60.40.2
Jim S. Lewis0.50.50.0
Jeremy Hernandez0.60.20.4
Derek Lilliquist0.10.1-0.1
Tim Scott0.00.1-0.1
Adam C. Peterson0.00.1-0.0
Ed Whitson0.00.0-0.0
Darrin Jackson0.00.0-0.0
------ ------ ------
TOTAL20.417.82.1


Team pWins over Positional Average by Position
PC1B2B3BSSLFCFRFOth
1991 San Diego Padres0.31.12.21.5-0.52.5-2.41.22.0-2.1


*Player won-loss records are calculated using Retrosheet play-by-play data. For some seasons, Retrosheet does not have full play-by-play data for all games. In these cases, some games may be missing.
The number of Games shown here are the number of games for which Retrosheet play-by-play data exist and were used in these calculations.



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